Provided by: iproute2_3.12.0-2ubuntu1.2_amd64 bug


       ip-address - protocol address management


       ip [ OPTIONS ] address  { COMMAND | help }

       ip address { add | del } IFADDR dev STRING

       ip address { show | flush } [ dev STRING ] [ scope SCOPE-ID ] [ to PREFIX ] [ FLAG-LIST ]
               [ label PATTERN ]

       IFADDR := PREFIX | ADDR peer PREFIX [ broadcast ADDR ] [ anycast ADDR ] [ label STRING ] [
               scope SCOPE-ID ]

       SCOPE-ID := [ host | link | global | NUMBER ]


       FLAG := [ permanent | dynamic | secondary | primary | tentative | deprecated | dadfailed |
               temporary ]


       The address is a protocol (IP or IPv6) address attached to a network device.  Each device
       must have at least one address to use the corresponding protocol.  It is possible to have
       several different addresses attached to one device.  These addresses are not
       discriminated, so that the term alias is not quite appropriate for them and we do not use
       it in this document.

       The ip address command displays addresses and their properties, adds new addresses and
       deletes old ones.

   ip address add - add new protocol address.
       dev NAME
              the name of the device to add the address to.

       local ADDRESS (default)
              the address of the interface. The format of the address depends on the protocol. It
              is a dotted quad for IP and a sequence of hexadecimal halfwords separated by colons
              for IPv6.  The ADDRESS may be followed by a slash and a decimal number which
              encodes the network prefix length.

       peer ADDRESS
              the address of the remote endpoint for pointopoint interfaces.  Again, the ADDRESS
              may be followed by a slash and a decimal number, encoding the network prefix
              length.  If a peer address is specified, the local address cannot have a prefix
              length.  The network prefix is associated with the peer rather than with the local

       broadcast ADDRESS
              the broadcast address on the interface.

              It is possible to use the special symbols '+' and '-' instead of the broadcast
              address.  In this case, the broadcast address is derived by setting/resetting the
              host bits of the interface prefix.

       label NAME
              Each address may be tagged with a label string.  In order to preserve compatibility
              with Linux-2.0 net aliases, this string must coincide with the name of the device
              or must be prefixed with the device name followed by colon.

       scope SCOPE_VALUE
              the scope of the area where this address is valid.  The available scopes are listed
              in file /etc/iproute2/rt_scopes.  Predefined scope values are:

                      global - the address is globally valid.

                      site - (IPv6 only) the address is site local, i.e. it is valid inside this

                      link - the address is link local, i.e. it is valid only on this device.

                      host - the address is valid only inside this host.

   ip address delete - delete protocol address
       Arguments: coincide with the arguments of ip addr add.  The device name is a required
       argument.  The rest are optional.  If no arguments are given, the first address is

   ip address show - look at protocol addresses
       dev NAME (default)
              name of device.

       scope SCOPE_VAL
              only list addresses with this scope.

       to PREFIX
              only list addresses matching this prefix.

       label PATTERN
              only list addresses with labels matching the PATTERN.  PATTERN is a usual shell
              style pattern.

       up     only list running interfaces.

       dynamic and permanent
              (IPv6 only) only list addresses installed due to stateless address configuration or
              only list permanent (not dynamic) addresses.

              (IPv6 only) only list addresses which have not yet passed duplicate address

              (IPv6 only) only list deprecated addresses.

              (IPv6 only) only list addresses which have failed duplicate address detection.

              (IPv6 only) only list temporary addresses.

       primary and secondary
              only list primary (or secondary) addresses.

   ip address flush - flush protocol addresses
       This command flushes the protocol addresses selected by some criteria.

       This command has the same arguments as show.  The difference is that it does not run when
       no arguments are given.

       Warning: This command (and other flush commands described below) is pretty dangerous.  If
       you make a mistake, it will not forgive it, but will cruelly purge all the addresses.

       With the -statistics option, the command becomes verbose. It prints out the number of
       deleted addresses and the number of rounds made to flush the address list.  If this option
       is given twice, ip address flush also dumps all the deleted addresses in the format
       described in the previous subsection.


       ip address show dev eth0
           Shows the addresses assigned to network interface eth0

       ip addr add 2001:0db8:85a3::0370:7334/64 dev eth1
           Adds an IPv6 address to network interface eth1

       ip addr flush dev eth4
           Removes all addresses from device eth4




       Original Manpage by Michail Litvak <>