Provided by: krb5-user_1.13.2+dfsg-5ubuntu2.2_amd64 bug


       kinit - obtain and cache Kerberos ticket-granting ticket


       kinit [-V] [-l lifetime] [-s start_time] [-r renewable_life] [-p | -P] [-f | -F] [-a] [-A]
       [-C] [-E] [-v] [-R] [-k [-t keytab_file]]  [-c  cache_name]  [-n]  [-S  service_name]  [-I
       input_ccache] [-T armor_ccache] [-X attribute[=value]] [principal]


       kinit obtains and caches an initial ticket-granting ticket for principal.


       -V     display verbose output.

       -l lifetime
              (duration string.)  Requests a ticket with the lifetime lifetime.

              For example, kinit -l 5:30 or kinit -l 5h30m.

              If  the -l option is not specified, the default ticket lifetime (configured by each
              site) is used.  Specifying  a  ticket  lifetime  longer  than  the  maximum  ticket
              lifetime  (configured by each site) will not override the configured maximum ticket

       -s start_time
              (duration string.)  Requests a postdated ticket.  Postdated tickets are issued with
              the  invalid  flag set, and need to be resubmitted to the KDC for validation before

              start_time specifies the duration of the delay before the ticket can become valid.

       -r renewable_life
              (duration  string.)   Requests  renewable  tickets,  with  a  total   lifetime   of

       -f     requests forwardable tickets.

       -F     requests non-forwardable tickets.

       -p     requests proxiable tickets.

       -P     requests non-proxiable tickets.

       -a     requests tickets restricted to the host's local address[es].

       -A     requests tickets not restricted by address.

       -C     requests canonicalization of the principal name, and allows the KDC to reply with a
              different client principal from the one requested.

       -E     treats the principal name as an enterprise name (implies the -C option).

       -v     requests that the ticket-granting ticket in the cache (with the invalid  flag  set)
              be  passed  to  the KDC for validation.  If the ticket is within its requested time
              range, the cache is replaced with the validated ticket.

       -R     requests renewal of the ticket-granting ticket.  Note that an expired ticket cannot
              be renewed, even if the ticket is still within its renewable life.

              Note that renewable tickets that have expired as reported by klist(1) may sometimes
              be renewed using this option, because the KDC applies a grace period to account for
              client-KDC clock skew.  See krb5.conf(5) clockskew setting.

       -k [-i | -t keytab_file]
              requests a ticket, obtained from a key in the local host's keytab.  The location of
              the keytab may be specified with the -t keytab_file option, or with the  -i  option
              to  specify the use of the default client keytab; otherwise the default keytab will
              be used.  By default, a host ticket for  the  local  host  is  requested,  but  any
              principal may be specified.  On a KDC, the special keytab location KDB: can be used
              to indicate that kinit should open the KDC database and look up the  key  directly.
              This  permits  an  administrator  to  obtain tickets as any principal that supports
              authentication based on the key.

       -n     Requests anonymous processing.  Two types of anonymous principals are supported.

              For  fully  anonymous  Kerberos,  configure  pkinit  on  the  KDC   and   configure
              pkinit_anchors  in  the  client's  krb5.conf(5).   Then  use  the  -n option with a
              principal of the form @REALM (an empty principal name followed by the at-sign and a
              realm name).  If permitted by the KDC, an anonymous ticket will be returned.

              A  second  form of anonymous tickets is supported; these realm-exposed tickets hide
              the identity of the client but not the client's realm.  For this mode, use kinit -n
              with  a  normal  principal  name.   If supported by the KDC, the principal (but not
              realm) will be replaced by the anonymous principal.

              As of release 1.8, the MIT Kerberos KDC only supports fully anonymous operation.

       -I input_ccache
          Specifies the name of a  credentials  cache  that  already  contains  a  ticket.   When
          obtaining  that  ticket,  if  information  about  how that ticket was obtained was also
          stored to the cache, that information will be used to affect how  new  credentials  are
          obtained, including preselecting the same methods of authenticating to the KDC.

       -T armor_ccache
              Specifies  the  name  of  a  credentials  cache that already contains a ticket.  If
              supported by the KDC, this cache will be used  to  armor  the  request,  preventing
              offline  dictionary  attacks  and  allowing the use of additional preauthentication
              mechanisms.  Armoring also makes sure  that  the  response  from  the  KDC  is  not
              modified in transit.

       -c cache_name
              use  cache_name  as  the  Kerberos  5 credentials (ticket) cache location.  If this
              option is not used, the default cache location is used.

              The default cache location may vary between systems.  If the KRB5CCNAME environment
              variable  is  set,  its  value is used to locate the default cache.  If a principal
              name is specified and the type of the default cache supports a collection (such  as
              the  DIR  type),  an  existing  cache  containing  credentials for the principal is
              selected or a new one is created and becomes the new primary cache.  Otherwise, any
              existing contents of the default cache are destroyed by kinit.

       -S service_name
              specify an alternate service name to use when getting initial tickets.

       -X attribute[=value]
              specify   a   pre-authentication   attribute   and   value  to  be  interpreted  by
              pre-authentication modules.  The acceptable attribute and value  values  vary  from
              module  to module.  This option may be specified multiple times to specify multiple
              attributes.  If no value is specified, it is assumed to be "yes".

              The following attributes are recognized by the PKINIT pre-authentication mechanism:

                     specify where to find user's X509 identity information

                     specify where to find trusted X509 anchor information

                     specify use of RSA, rather than the default Diffie-Hellman protocol


       kinit uses the following environment variables:

              Location of the default Kerberos 5 credentials cache, in  the  form  type:residual.
              If  no  type  prefix is present, the FILE type is assumed.  The type of the default
              cache may determine the availability of a cache collection; for instance, a default
              cache  of  type  DIR  causes  caches  within  the  directory  to  be present in the


              default location of Kerberos 5 credentials cache

              default location for the local host's keytab.


       klist(1), kdestroy(1), kerberos(1)




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