Provided by: links_2.12-1_amd64 bug


       links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser


       links [options] URL


       links  is a text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting colors, correct table
       rendering, background downloading, menu driven configuration interface and slim code.

       Frames are supported. You  can  have  different  file  formats  associated  with  external
       viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported via external clients.

       links can handle local (file://) or remote (http:// or ftp://) URLs.


       Most  options  can be set in the user interface or config file, so usually you do not need
       to care about them.

       -help  Print a help screen

              Prints the links version number and exit.

       -lookup <hostname>
              Does name lookup, like command "host".

              Treat files with unknown type as html rather than text.  (can be toggled  with  '\'

       -source <url>
              Write unformatted data stream to stdout.

       -dump <url>
              Write formatted document to stdout.

       -width <number>
              For  dump, document will be formatted to this screen width (but it can still exceed
              it if lines can't be broken).

       -codepage <codepage>
              For dump, convert output to specified character  set  --  for  example  iso-8859-2,

              Restrict links so that it can run on an anonymous account.  No local file browsing.
              No downloads. Executing of viewers is allowed, but user can't add or modify entries
              in association table.

              Runs links as a separate instance - instead of connecting to existing instance.

       -download-dir <path>
              Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

       -language <language>
              Set user interface language.

       -max-connections <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connections.  (default: 10)

       -max-connections-to-host <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connection to a given host.  (default: 2)

       -retries <retry>
              Number of retries.  (default: 3)

       -receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

       -unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

       -bind-address <ip address>
              Use a specific local IP address.

       -bind-address-ipv6 <ipv6 address>
              Use a specific local IPv6 address.

              Don't use libevent library.

              Don't use OpenMP.

       -async-dns <0>/<1>
              Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0).

       -download-utime <0>/<1>
              Set time of downloaded files to last modification time reported by server.

       -format-cache-size <num>
              Number of formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

       -memory-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 1048576)

       -image-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 1048576)

       -font-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 2097152)

       -aggressive-cache <0>/<1>
              Always  cache  everything  regardless  of  server's  caching  recomendations.  Many
              servers deny caching even if their content is not changing just to  get  more  hits
              and more money from ads.

       -address-preference <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
              (default  0)  0  - use system default.  1 - prefer IPv4.  2 - prefer IPv6.  3 - use
              only IPv4.  4 - use only IPv6.

       -http-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the HTTP proxy, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -ftp-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the FTP proxy, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -https-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the HTTPS proxy, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -socks-proxy <user@host:port>
              Userid, host and port of Socks4a, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -append-text-to-dns-lookups <text>
              Append text to dns lookups. It is  useful  for  specifying  fixed  tor  exit  node.
              (default: blank)

       -only-proxies <0>/<1>
              "1"  causes  that  Links won't initiate any non-proxy connection.  It is useful for
              anonymization with tor or similar networks.

       -ssl.certificates <0>/<1>/<2>
              (default 1) 0 - ignore invalid certificate.  1 - warn on invalid certificate.  2  -
              reject invalid certificate.

       -ssl.client-cert-key <filename>
              Name  of  the  PEM  encoded  file  with the user private key for client certificate

       -ssl.client-cert-crt <filename>
              Name of the PEM encoded file with  the  user  certificate  for  client  certificate

       -ssl.client-cert-password <text>
              Password for the user private key.

       -http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
              (default 0) "1" forces using only HTTP/1.0 protocol. (useful for buggy servers that
              claim to be HTTP/1.1 compliant but are not) "0" enables  using  both  HTTP/1.0  and

       -http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
              (default  1)  "1"  defaults  to  using  list  of  servers that have broken HTTP/1.1
              support.  When links finds such server, it will retry the request with HTTP/1.0.

       -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
              (default 1) Process 302 redirect in a way that is  incompatible  with  RFC1945  and
              RFC2068, but the same as Netscape and MSIE. Many pages depend on it.

       -http-bugs.bug-post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
              (default 0) No keepalive connection after post requests. For some buggy servers.

       -http-bugs.bug-no-accept-charset <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Do not send Accept-Charset field of HTTP header. Because it is too long
              some servers will deny the request. Other servers will  convert  content  to  plain
              ascii when Accept-Charset is missing. <0>/<1>
              (default  0) "1" causes that links won't advertise HTTP compression support (but it
              will still accept compressed data). Use it when you communicate  with  server  that
              has broken compression support.

       -http-bugs.retry-internal-errors <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Retry on internal server errors (50x).

       -http.fake-firefox <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Fake that the browser is Firefox in the HTTP header. <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Send "do not track" request in the HTTP header.

       -http.referer <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
              (default  0)  0 - do not send referer.  1 - send the requested URL as referer.  2 -
              send fake referer.  3 - send real referer.  4 - send real referer only to the  same

       -http.fake-referer <string>
              Fake referer value.

       -http.fake-user-agent <string>
              Fake user agent value.

       -http.extra-header <string>
              Extra string added to HTTP header.

       -ftp.anonymous-password <string>
              Password for anonymous ftp access.

       -ftp.use-passive <0>/<1>
              Use ftp PASV command to bypass firewalls.

       -ftp.use-erpt-epsv <0>/<1>
              Use EPRT and EPSV commands instead of PORT and PASV. <0>/<1>
              Send   more   ftp  commands  simultaneously.  Faster  response  when  browsing  ftp
              directories, but it is incompatible with RFC and some servers don't like it.

       -ftp.set-iptos <0>/<1>
              Set IP Type-of-service to high throughput on ftp connections.

       -smb.allow-hyperlinks-to-smb <0>/<1>
              Allow hyperlinks to  SMB  protocol.   Disabling  this  improves  security,  because
              internet sites cannot exploit possible bugs in the SMB client.

       -menu-font-size <size>
              Size of font in menu.

       -menu-background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu background color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -menu-foreground-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu foreground color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-area-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar area. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-bar-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-frame-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar frame. RRGGBB are hex.

       -bookmarks-file <file>
              File to store bookmarks.

       -bookmarks-codepage <codepage>
              Character set of bookmarks file.

       -save-url-history <0>/<1>
              Save URL history on exit.

       -display-red-gamma <fp-value>
              Red gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-green-gamma <fp-value>
              Green gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-blue-gamma <fp-value>
              Blue gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -user-gamma <fp-value>
              Additional gamma. (default 1)

       -bfu-aspect <fp-value>
              Display aspect ration.

       -dither-letters <0>/<1>
              Do letter dithering.

       -dither-images <0>/<1>
              Do image dithering.

       -display-optimize <0>/<1>/<2>
              Optimize for CRT (0), LCD RGB (1), LCD BGR (2).

       -gamma-correction <0>/<1>/<2>
              Type  of  gamma  correction: (default 2) 0 - 8-bit (fast).  1 - 16-bit (slow).  2 -
              automatically detect according to speed of FPU.

       -overwrite-instead-of-scroll <0>/<1>
              Overwrite the screen instead of scrolling it (valid for svgalib  and  framebuffer).
              Overwriting may or may not be faster, depending on hardware.

       -html-assume-codepage <codepage>
              Use the given codepage when the webpage did not specify its codepage. (default: ISO

       -html-hard-assume <0>/<1>
              Use always character set from "-html-assume-codepage" no matter what server sent.

       -html-tables <0>/<1>
              Render tables. (0) causes tables being rendered like in lynx.

       -html-frames <0>/<1>
              Render frames. (0) causes frames  rendered like in lynx.

       -html-break-long-lines <0>/<1>
              Break long lines in <pre> sections.

       -html-images <0>/<1>
              Display links to unnamed images as [IMG]

       -html-image-names <0>/<1>
              Display filename of an image instead of [IMG].

       -html-display-images <0>/<1>
              Display images in graphics mode.

       -html-image-scale <percent>
              Scale images in graphics mode.

       -html-bare-image-autoscale <0>/<1>
              Autoscale images displayed in full screen.

       -html-numbered-links <0>/<1>
              Number links in text mode. Allow quick link selection by  typing  link  number  and

       -html-table-order <0>/<1>
              In text mode, walk through table by rows (0) or columns (1).

       -html-auto-refresh <0>/<1>
              Process refresh to other page (1), or display link to that page (0).

       -html-target-in-new-window <0>/<1>
              Allow opening new windows from html.

       -html-margin <number of spaces>
              Margin in text mode.

       -html-user-font-size <size>
              Size of font on pages in graphics mode.

       -html-t-text-color <0>-<15>
              Text color in text mode.

       -html-t-link-color <0>-<15>
              Link color in text mode.

       -html-t-background-color <0>-<7>
              Background color in text mode.

       -html-t-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
              Ignore colors specified in html document in text mode.

       -html-g-text-color 0xRRGGBB
              Text color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-link-color 0xRRGGBB
              Link color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Background color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
              Ignore colors specified in html document in graphics mode.

       More options can be seen with links -h


       The keys you may use while navigating are

       ESC    menu/escape

       F9     menu

       F10    file menu

       TAB    next frame

       PGDN   page down

       Space  page down

       PGUP   page up

       b      page up

              next link/down

              prev link/up

       INS    scroll up

       ^P     scroll up

       DEL    scroll down

       ^N     scroll down

       [      scroll left

       ]      scroll right

       HOME   home

       END    end of page

              enter link/press button

       ENTER  enter link/press button

              go back

       d      download link

       /      search in the page

       ?      search back in the page

       n      find next match

       N      find next match backwards

       f      zoom actual frame

       ^R     reload page

       g      go to URL

       G      edit the current URL and goto the result

       ^G     edit the current link and goto the result

       s      bookmark manager

       q      quit, close window if more windows are open

       Q      quit without asking

       =      document information

       \      toggle HTML source/rendered view


       The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

              move right

              move left

       HOME   jump at the beginning

       ^A     jump at the beginning

       END    jump at the end

       ^E     jump at the end

       ^X     cut to clipboard (text mode only)

       ^B     copy to clipboard

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^V     paste from clipboard (text mode only)

       ENTER  enter line

              delete back character

       ^H     delete back character

       DEL    delete character

       ^D     delete character

       ^U     delete from beginning of the line

       ^K     delete to the end of the line

       ^W     auto complete line


              Perā€user configfile, automatically created by links.


       links  is  known  to work on Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, IRIX, HPUX, Digital Unix, AIX, OS/2,
       BeOS and Win32.


       Can't connect to some FTP servers (Novell, NT). Connection stays in "Request sent" state.

       Frames don't work if there's more frames with same name. Turn them off in such case.

       You can't upload large files; it takes _lots_ of memory.

       You shouldn't press '^Z' when you are in a viewer

       Please    report    any     other     bugs     you     find     to     Mikulas     Patocka


       links  is  free  software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the
       GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version  2
       of the License, or (at your option) any later version.


       links  was  written  by  Mikulas Patocka, Karel 'Clock' Kulhavy, Petr 'Brain' Kulhavy, and
       Martin 'PerM' Pergel.  See file AUTHORS for a list of people contributing to this project.

       The        homepage        of        links         can         be         found         at

       This  manual  page  was  written  by  Peter Gervai <>, using excerpts from a
       (yet?) unknown links fan for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but  may  be  used  by  others).
       Updated by Karel Kulhavy.


       lynx(1), w3m(1)

                                            Aug, 2006                                    LINKS(1)