Provided by: links2_2.12-1_amd64 bug


       links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser


       links2 [options] URL


       links2 is a text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting colors, correct table
       rendering, background downloading, menu driven configuration interface and slim code.

       Frames are supported. You  can  have  different  file  formats  associated  with  external
       viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported via external clients.

       links2 can handle local (file://) or remote (http:// or ftp://) URLs.


       Most  options  can be set in the user interface or config file, so usually you do not need
       to care about them.

       -help  Print a help screen

              Prints the links version number and exit.

       -lookup <hostname>
              Does name lookup, like command "host".

       -g     Run Links2 in graphics mode. If not given, Links2 will run in text  mode.   Running
              in  graphics mode means that Links2 will probe all compiled‐in graphics devices and
              run on the first found. If none found, links2 will not run in graphics  mode.  This
              option works only if ‐‐enable‐graphics was given to ./configure.

       -no-g  Run in text mode (overrides previous -g).

       -driver <driver name>
              Graphics  driver  to  use.  Drivers are: x, svgalib, fb, directfb, pmshell, atheos.
              List of drivers will be shown if you give it an unknown driver.  Available  drivers
              depend on your operating system and available libraries.

       -mode <parameter>
              Pass  a  parameter  to the graphics driver. On SVGAlib, this is widthxheightxdepth,
              (where depth is 16, 256, 32K, 64K, 16M or 16M32) and defines the graphics mode,  on
              X the format is WIDTHxHEIGHT and defines the window size.

       -display <x-display>
              Set Xwindow display.

              Treat  files  with unknown type as html rather than text.  (can be toggled with '\'

       -source <url>
              Write unformatted data stream to stdout.

       -dump <url>
              Write formatted document to stdout.

       -width <number>
              For dump, document will be formatted to this screen width (but it can still  exceed
              it if lines can't be broken).

       -codepage <codepage>
              For  dump,  convert  output  to  specified character set -- for example iso-8859-2,

              Restrict links so that it can run on an anonymous account.  No local file browsing.
              No downloads. Executing of viewers is allowed, but user can't add or modify entries
              in association table.

              Runs links2 as a separate instance - instead of connecting to existing instance.

       -download-dir <path>
              Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

       -language <language>
              Set user interface language.

       -max-connections <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connections.  (default: 10)

       -max-connections-to-host <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connection to a given host.  (default: 2)

       -retries <retry>
              Number of retries.  (default: 3)

       -receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

       -unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

       -bind-address <ip address>
              Use a specific local IP address.

       -bind-address-ipv6 <ipv6 address>
              Use a specific local IPv6 address.

              Don't use libevent library.

              Don't use OpenMP.

       -async-dns <0>/<1>
              Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0).

       -download-utime <0>/<1>
              Set time of downloaded files to last modification time reported by server.

       -format-cache-size <num>
              Number of formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

       -memory-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 1048576)

       -image-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 1048576)

       -font-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in bytes.  (default: 2097152)

       -aggressive-cache <0>/<1>
              Always cache  everything  regardless  of  server's  caching  recomendations.   Many
              servers  deny  caching  even if their content is not changing just to get more hits
              and more money from ads.

       -address-preference <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
              (default 0) 0 - use system default.  1 - prefer IPv4.  2 - prefer IPv6.   3  -  use
              only IPv4.  4 - use only IPv6.

       -http-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the HTTP proxy, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -ftp-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the FTP proxy, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -https-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the HTTPS proxy, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -socks-proxy <user@host:port>
              Userid, host and port of Socks4a, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -append-text-to-dns-lookups <text>
              Append  text  to  dns  lookups.  It  is  useful for specifying fixed tor exit node.
              (default: blank)

       -only-proxies <0>/<1>
              "1" causes that Links won't initiate any non-proxy connection.  It  is  useful  for
              anonymization with tor or similar networks.

       -ssl.certificates <0>/<1>/<2>
              (default  1) 0 - ignore invalid certificate.  1 - warn on invalid certificate.  2 -
              reject invalid certificate.

       -ssl.client-cert-key <filename>
              Name of the PEM encoded file with the  user  private  key  for  client  certificate

       -ssl.client-cert-crt <filename>
              Name  of  the  PEM  encoded  file  with the user certificate for client certificate

       -ssl.client-cert-password <text>
              Password for the user private key.

       -http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
              (default 0) "1" forces using only HTTP/1.0 protocol. (useful for buggy servers that
              claim  to  be  HTTP/1.1  compliant but are not) "0" enables using both HTTP/1.0 and

       -http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
              (default 1) "1" defaults to  using  list  of  servers  that  have  broken  HTTP/1.1
              support.  When links2 finds such server, it will retry the request with HTTP/1.0.

       -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
              (default  1)  Process  302  redirect in a way that is incompatible with RFC1945 and
              RFC2068, but the same as Netscape and MSIE. Many pages depend on it.

       -http-bugs.bug-post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
              (default 0) No keepalive connection after post requests. For some buggy servers.

       -http-bugs.bug-no-accept-charset <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Do not send Accept-Charset field of HTTP header. Because it is too long
              some  servers  will  deny  the request. Other servers will convert content to plain
              ascii when Accept-Charset is missing. <0>/<1>
              (default 0) "1" causes that links won't advertise HTTP compression support (but  it
              will  still  accept  compressed data). Use it when you communicate with server that
              has broken compression support.

       -http-bugs.retry-internal-errors <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Retry on internal server errors (50x).

       -http.fake-firefox <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Fake that the browser is Firefox in the HTTP header. <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Send "do not track" request in the HTTP header.

       -http.referer <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
              (default 0) 0 - do not send referer.  1 - send the requested URL as referer.   2  -
              send  fake referer.  3 - send real referer.  4 - send real referer only to the same

       -http.fake-referer <string>
              Fake referer value.

       -http.fake-user-agent <string>
              Fake user agent value.

       -http.extra-header <string>
              Extra string added to HTTP header.

       -ftp.anonymous-password <string>
              Password for anonymous ftp access.

       -ftp.use-passive <0>/<1>
              Use ftp PASV command to bypass firewalls.

       -ftp.use-erpt-epsv <0>/<1>
              Use EPRT and EPSV commands instead of PORT and PASV. <0>/<1>
              Send  more  ftp  commands  simultaneously.  Faster  response  when   browsing   ftp
              directories, but it is incompatible with RFC and some servers don't like it.

       -ftp.set-iptos <0>/<1>
              Set IP Type-of-service to high throughput on ftp connections.

       -smb.allow-hyperlinks-to-smb <0>/<1>
              Allow  hyperlinks  to  SMB  protocol.   Disabling  this  improves security, because
              internet sites cannot exploit possible bugs in the SMB client.

       -menu-font-size <size>
              Size of font in menu.

       -menu-background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu background color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -menu-foreground-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu foreground color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-area-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar area. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-bar-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-frame-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar frame. RRGGBB are hex.

       -bookmarks-file <file>
              File to store bookmarks.

       -bookmarks-codepage <codepage>
              Character set of bookmarks file.

       -save-url-history <0>/<1>
              Save URL history on exit.

       -display-red-gamma <fp-value>
              Red gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-green-gamma <fp-value>
              Green gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-blue-gamma <fp-value>
              Blue gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -user-gamma <fp-value>
              Additional gamma. (default 1)

       -bfu-aspect <fp-value>
              Display aspect ration.

       -dither-letters <0>/<1>
              Do letter dithering.

       -dither-images <0>/<1>
              Do image dithering.

       -display-optimize <0>/<1>/<2>
              Optimize for CRT (0), LCD RGB (1), LCD BGR (2).

       -gamma-correction <0>/<1>/<2>
              Type of gamma correction: (default 2) 0 - 8-bit (fast).  1 - 16-bit  (slow).   2  -
              automatically detect according to speed of FPU.

       -overwrite-instead-of-scroll <0>/<1>
              Overwrite  the  screen instead of scrolling it (valid for svgalib and framebuffer).
              Overwriting may or may not be faster, depending on hardware.

       -html-assume-codepage <codepage>
              Use the given codepage when the webpage did not specify its codepage. (default: ISO

       -html-hard-assume <0>/<1>
              Use always character set from "-html-assume-codepage" no matter what server sent.

       -html-tables <0>/<1>
              Render tables. (0) causes tables being rendered like in lynx.

       -html-frames <0>/<1>
              Render frames. (0) causes frames  rendered like in lynx.

       -html-break-long-lines <0>/<1>
              Break long lines in <pre> sections.

       -html-images <0>/<1>
              Display links to unnamed images as [IMG]

       -html-image-names <0>/<1>
              Display filename of an image instead of [IMG].

       -html-display-images <0>/<1>
              Display images in graphics mode.

       -html-image-scale <percent>
              Scale images in graphics mode.

       -html-bare-image-autoscale <0>/<1>
              Autoscale images displayed in full screen.

       -html-numbered-links <0>/<1>
              Number  links  in  text  mode. Allow quick link selection by typing link number and

       -html-table-order <0>/<1>
              In text mode, walk through table by rows (0) or columns (1).

       -html-auto-refresh <0>/<1>
              Process refresh to other page (1), or display link to that page (0).

       -html-target-in-new-window <0>/<1>
              Allow opening new windows from html.

       -html-margin <number of spaces>
              Margin in text mode.

       -html-user-font-size <size>
              Size of font on pages in graphics mode.

       -html-t-text-color <0>-<15>
              Text color in text mode.

       -html-t-link-color <0>-<15>
              Link color in text mode.

       -html-t-background-color <0>-<7>
              Background color in text mode.

       -html-t-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
              Ignore colors specified in html document in text mode.

       -html-g-text-color 0xRRGGBB
              Text color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-link-color 0xRRGGBB
              Link color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Background color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
              Ignore colors specified in html document in graphics mode.

       More options can be seen with links2 -h


       The keys you may use while navigating are

       ESC    menu/escape

       F9     menu

       F10    file menu

       TAB    next frame

       PGDN   page down

       Space  page down

       PGUP   page up

       b      page up

              next link/down

              prev link/up

       INS    scroll up

       ^P     scroll up

       DEL    scroll down

       ^N     scroll down

       [      scroll left

       ]      scroll right

       HOME   home

       END    end of page

              enter link/press button

       ENTER  enter link/press button

              go back

       d      download link

       /      search in the page

       ?      search back in the page

       n      find next match

       N      find next match backwards

       f      zoom actual frame

       ^R     reload page

       g      go to URL

       G      edit the current URL and goto the result

       ^G     edit the current link and goto the result

       s      bookmark manager

       q      quit, close window if more windows are open

       Q      quit without asking

       =      document information

       \      toggle HTML source/rendered view


       The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

              move right

              move left

       HOME   jump at the beginning

       ^A     jump at the beginning

       END    jump at the end

       ^E     jump at the end

       ^X     cut to clipboard (text mode only)

       ^B     copy to clipboard

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^V     paste from clipboard (text mode only)

       ENTER  enter line

              delete back character

       ^H     delete back character

       DEL    delete character

       ^D     delete character

       ^U     delete from beginning of the line

       ^K     delete to the end of the line

       ^W     auto complete line


              Per‐user configfile, automatically created by links2.


       links2 is known to work on Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, IRIX, HPUX, Digital Unix,  AIX,  OS/2,
       BeOS and Win32.


       Can't connect to some FTP servers (Novell, NT). Connection stays in "Request sent" state.

       Frames don't work if there's more frames with same name. Turn them off in such case.

       You can't upload large files; it takes _lots_ of memory.

       You shouldn't press '^Z' when you are in a viewer

       Please     report     any     other     bugs     you     find     to    Mikulas    Patocka


       links2 is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms  of  the
       GNU  General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
       of the License, or (at your option) any later version.


       links2 was written by Mikulas Patocka, Karel 'Clock' Kulhavy, Petr  'Brain'  Kulhavy,  and
       Martin 'PerM' Pergel.  See file AUTHORS for a list of people contributing to this project.

       The         homepage         of         links2        can        be        found        at

       This manual page was written by Peter  Gervai  <>,  using  excerpts  from  a
       (yet?)  unknown  links2  fan  for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be used by others).
       Updated by Karel Kulhavy.


       lynx(1), w3m(1)

                                            Aug, 2006                                   LINKS2(1)