Provided by: tig_2.0.2-2build1_amd64 bug


       tigmanual - text-mode interface for Git


       tig        [options] [revisions] [--] [paths]
       tig show   [options] [revisions] [--] [paths]
       tig blame  [options] [rev] [--] path
       tig status
       tig <      [Git command output]


       This is the manual for Tig, the ncurses-based text-mode interface for git. Tig allows you
       to browse changes in a Git repository and can additionally act as a pager for output of
       various Git commands. When used as a pager, it will display input from stdin and colorize

       When browsing repositories, Tig uses the underlying Git commands to present the user with
       various views, such as summarized commit log and showing the commit with the log message,
       diffstat, and the diff.


   Pager Mode
       If stdin is a pipe, any log or diff options will be ignored and the pager view will be
       opened loading data from stdin. The pager mode can be used for colorizing output from
       various Git commands.

       Example on how to colorize the output of git-show(1):

           $ git show | tig

   Git Command Options
       All Git command options specified on the command line will be passed to the given command
       and all will be shell quoted before they are passed to the shell.

           If you specify options for the main view, you should not use the --pretty option as
           this option will be set automatically to the format expected by the main view.

       Example on how to view a commit and show both author and committer information:

           $ tig show --pretty=fuller

       See the section on specifying revisions for an introduction to revision options supported
       by the Git commands. For details on specific Git command options, refer to the man page of
       the command in question.


       The display consists of a status window on the last line of the screen and one or more
       views. The default is to only show one view at a time but it is possible to split both the
       main and log view to also show the commit diff.

       If you are in the log view and press Enter when the current line is a commit line, such

           commit 4d55caff4cc89335192f3e566004b4ceef572521

       You will split the view so that the log view is displayed in the top window and the diff
       view in the bottom window. You can switch between the two views by pressing Tab. To
       maximize the log view again, simply press l.

       Various views of a repository are presented. Each view is based on output from an external
       command, most often git log, git diff, or git show.

       The main view
           Is the default view, and it shows a one line summary of each commit in the chosen list
           of revisions. The summary includes commit date, author, and the first line of the log
           message. Additionally, any repository references, such as tags, will be shown.

       The log view
           Presents a more rich view of the revision log showing the whole log message and the

       The diff view
           Shows either the diff of the current working tree, that is, what has changed since the
           last commit, or the commit diff complete with log message, diffstat and diff.

       The tree view
           Lists directory trees associated with the current revision allowing subdirectories to
           be descended or ascended and file blobs to be viewed.

       The blob view
           Displays the file content or "blob" of data associated with a file name.

       The blame view
           Displays the file content annotated or blamed by commits.

       The refs view
           Displays the branches, remotes and tags in the repository.

       The status view
           Displays status of files in the working tree and allows changes to be staged/unstaged
           as well as adding of untracked files.

       The stage view
           Displays diff changes for staged or unstaged files being tracked or file content of
           untracked files.

       The stash view
           Displays the list of stashes in the repository.

       The grep view
           Displays a list of files and all the lines that matches a search pattern.

       The pager view
           Is used for displaying both input from stdin and output from Git commands entered in
           the internal prompt.

       The help view
           Displays a quick reference of key bindings.

   Browsing State and User-defined Commands
       The viewer keeps track of both what head and commit ID you are currently viewing. The
       commit ID will follow the cursor line and change every time you highlight a different
       commit. Whenever you reopen the diff view it will be reloaded, if the commit ID changed.
       The head ID is used when opening the main and log view to indicate from what revision to
       show history.

       Some of the commands used or provided by Tig can be configured. This goes for some of the
       environment variables as well as the external commands. These user-defined commands can
       use arguments that refer to the current browsing state by using one of the following

       Table 1. Browsing state variables
                        The currently viewed head ID.
                        Defaults to HEAD

       %(commit)        The currently selected commit

       %(blob)          The currently selected blob ID.

       %(branch)        The currently selected branch

       %(stash)         The currently selected stash

       %(directory)     The current directory path in
                        the tree view; empty for the
                        root directory.

       %(file)          The currently selected file.

       %(ref)           The reference given to blame or
                        HEAD if undefined.

       %(revargs)       The revision arguments passed on
                        the command line.

       %(fileargs)      The file arguments passed on the
                        command line.

       %(cmdlineargs)   All other options passed on the
                        command line.

       %(diffargs)      The diff options from
                        diff-options or TIG_DIFF_OPTS

       %(prompt)        Prompt for the argument value.

       Example user-defined commands:

       •   Allow to amend the last commit:

               bind generic + !git commit --amend

       •   Copy commit ID to clipboard:

               bind generic 9 !@sh -c "echo -n %(commit) | xclip -selection c"

       •   Add/edit notes for the current commit used during a review:

               bind generic T !git notes edit %(commit)

       •   Enter Git’s interactive add for fine-grained staging of file content:

               bind generic I !git add -i %(file)

       •   Rebase current branch on top of the selected branch:

               bind refs 3 !git rebase -i %(branch)

   Title Windows
       Each view has a title window which shows the name of the view, current commit ID if
       available, and where the view is positioned:

           [main] c622eefaa485995320bc743431bae0d497b1d875 - commit 1 of 61 (1%)

       By default, the title of the current view is highlighted using bold font. For long loading
       views (taking over 3 seconds) the time since loading started will be appended:

           [main] 77d9e40fbcea3238015aea403e06f61542df9a31 - commit 1 of 779 (0%) 5s


       Several options related to the interface with Git can be configured via environment

   Configuration Files
       Upon startup, Tig first reads the system wide configuration file ({sysconfdir}/tigrc by
       default) and then proceeds to read the user’s configuration file (~/.tigrc by default).
       The paths to either of these files can be overridden through the following environment

           Path of the user configuration file.

           Path of the system wide configuration file.

   Repository References
       Commits that are referenced by tags and branch heads will be marked by the reference name
       surrounded by [ and ]:

           2006-03-26 19:42 Petr Baudis         | [cogito-0.17.1] Cogito 0.17.1

       If you want to limit what branches are shown, say only show branches named master or those
       which start with the feature/ prefix, you can do it by setting the following variable:

           $ TIG_LS_REMOTE="git ls-remote . master feature/*" tig

       Or set the variable permanently in your environment.

           Set command for retrieving all repository references. The command should output data
           in the same format as git-ls-remote(1). Defaults to:

           git ls-remote .

   Diff options
       It is possible to alter how diffs are shown by the diff view. If for example you prefer to
       have commit and author dates shown as relative dates, use:

           $ TIG_DIFF_OPTS="--relative-date" tig

       Or set the variable permanently in your environment.


       Below the default key bindings are shown.

   View Switching
       Key   Action

       m     Switch to main view.

       d     Switch to diff view.

       l     Switch to log view.

       p     Switch to pager view.

       t     Switch to (directory) tree view.

       f     Switch to (file) blob view.

       B     Switch to blame view.

       H     Switch to refs view.

       y     Switch to stash view.

       h     Switch to help view

       S     Switch to status view

       c     Switch to stage view

   View Manipulation
       Key     Action

       q       Close view, if multiple views
               are open it will jump back to
               the previous view in the view
               stack. If it is the last open
               view it will quit. Use Q to quit
               all views at once.

       Enter   This key is "context sensitive"
               depending on what view you are
               currently in. When in log view
               on a commit line or in the main
               view, split the view and show
               the commit diff. In the diff
               view pressing Enter will simply
               scroll the view one line down.

       Tab     Switch to next view.

       R       Reload and refresh the current

       O       Maximize the current view to
               fill the whole display.

       Up      This key is "context sensitive"
               and will move the cursor one
               line up. However, if you opened
               a diff view from the main view
               (split- or full-screen) it will
               change the cursor to point to
               the previous commit in the main
               view and update the diff view to
               display it.

       Down    Similar to Up but will move

       ,       Move to parent. In the tree
               view, this means switch to the
               parent directory. In the blame
               view it will load blame for the
               parent commit. For merges the
               parent is queried.

   View Specific Actions
       Key   Action

       u     Update status of file. In the
             status view, this allows you to
             add an untracked file or stage
             changes to a file for next
             commit (similar to running
             git-add <filename>). In the
             stage view, when pressing this
             on a diff chunk line stages only
             that chunk for next commit, when
             not on a diff chunk line all
             changes in the displayed diff
             are staged.

       M     Resolve unmerged file by
             launching git-mergetool(1).
             Note, to work correctly this
             might require some initial
             configuration of your preferred
             merge tool. See the manpage of

       !     Checkout file with unstaged
             changes. This will reset the
             file to contain the content it
             had at last commit.

       1     Stage single diff line.

       @     Move to next chunk in the stage

       ]     Increase the diff context.

       [     Decrease the diff context.

   Cursor Navigation
       Key             Action

       k               Move cursor one line up.

       j               Move cursor one line down.

       PgUp,-,a        Move cursor one page up.

       PgDown, Space   Move cursor one page down.

       End             Jump to last line.

       Home            Jump to first line.

       Key      Action

       Insert   Scroll view one line up.

       Delete   Scroll view one line down.

       w        Scroll view one page up.

       s        Scroll view one page down.

       Left     Scroll view one column left.

       Right    Scroll view one column right.

       |        Scroll view to the first column.

       Key   Action

       /     Search the view. Opens a prompt
             for entering search regexp to

       ?     Search backwards in the view.
             Also prompts for regexp.

       n     Find next match for the current
             search regexp.

       N     Find previous match for the
             current search regexp.

       Key   Action

       Q     Quit.

       r     Redraw screen.

       z     Stop all background loading.
             This can be useful if you use
             Tig in a repository with a long
             history without limiting the
             revision log.

       v     Show version.

       o     Open option menu

       .     Toggle line numbers on/off.

       D     Toggle date display

       A     Toggle author display
             user name.

       g     Toggle revision graph
             visualization on/off.

       ~     Toggle (line) graphics mode

       F     Toggle reference display on/off
             (tag and branch names).

       W     Toggle ignoring whitespace
             on/off for diffs

       X     Toggle commit ID display on/off

       %     Toggle file filtering in order
             to see the full diff instead of
             only the diff concerning the
             currently selected file.

       $     Toggle highlighting of commit
             title overflow.

       :     Open prompt. This allows you to
             specify what command to run.

       e     Open file in editor.

       Key           Action

       :<number>     Jump to the specific line
                     number, e.g. :80.

       :<sha>        Jump to a specific commit, e.g.

       :<x>          Execute the corresponding key
                     binding, e.g. :q.

       :!<command>   Execute a system command in a
                     pager, e.g. :!git log -p.

       :<action>     Execute a Tig command, e.g.

   External Commands
       For more custom needs, external commands provide a way to easily execute a script or
       program. They are bound to keys and use information from the current browsing state, such
       as the current commit ID. Tig comes with the following built-in external commands:

       Keymap    Key   Action

       main      C     git cherry-pick

       status    C     git commit

       generic   G     git gc


       This section describes various ways to specify what revisions to display or otherwise
       limit the view to. Tig does not itself parse the described revision options so refer to
       the relevant Git man pages for further information. Relevant man pages besides git-log(1)
       are git-diff(1) and git-rev-list(1).

       You can tune the interaction with Git by making use of the options explained in this
       section. For example, by configuring the environment variable described in the section on
       diff options.

   Limit by Path Name
       If you are interested only in those revisions that made changes to a specific file (or
       even several files) list the files like this:

           $ tig Makefile README

       To avoid ambiguity with Tig’s subcommands or repository references such as tag names, be
       sure to separate file names from other Git options using "--". So if you have a file named
       status it will clash with the status subcommand, and thus you will have to use:

           $ tig -- status

   Limit by Date or Number
       To speed up interaction with Git, you can limit the amount of commits to show both for the
       log and main view. Either limit by date using e.g. --since=1.month or limit by the number
       of commits using -n400.

       If you are only interested in changes that happened between two dates you can use:

           $ tig --after="May 5th" --before="2006-05-16 15:44"

           If you want to avoid having to quote dates containing spaces you can use "." instead,
           e.g. --after=May.5th.

   Limiting by Commit Ranges
       Alternatively, commits can be limited to a specific range, such as "all commits between
       tag-1.0 and tag-2.0". For example:

           $ tig tag-1.0..tag-2.0

       This way of commit limiting makes it trivial to only browse the commits which haven’t been
       pushed to a remote branch. Assuming origin is your upstream remote branch, using:

           $ tig origin..HEAD

       will list what will be pushed to the remote branch. Optionally, the ending HEAD can be
       left out since it is implied.

   Limiting by Reachability
       Git interprets the range specifier "tag-1.0..tag-2.0" as "all commits reachable from
       tag-2.0 but not from tag-1.0". Where reachability refers to what commits are ancestors (or
       part of the history) of the branch or tagged revision in question.

       If you prefer to specify which commit to preview in this way use the following:

           $ tig tag-2.0 ^tag-1.0

       You can think of ^ as a negation operator. Using this alternate syntax, it is possible to
       further prune commits by specifying multiple branch cut offs.

   Combining Revisions Specification
       Revision options can to some degree be combined, which makes it possible to say "show at
       most 20 commits from within the last month that changed files under the Documentation/

           $ tig --since=1.month -n20 -- Documentation/

   Examining All Repository References
       In some cases, it can be useful to query changes across all references in a repository. An
       example is to ask "did any line of development in this repository change a particular file
       within the last week". This can be accomplished using:

           $ tig --all --since=1.week -- Makefile


       Please visit Tig’s home page[1] or main Git repository[2] for information about new
       releases and how to report bugs and feature requests.


       Copyright (c) 2006-2014 Jonas Fonseca <[3]>

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.



       •   tig(1)

       •   tigrc(5)


        1. home page

        2. main Git repository