Provided by: aircrack-ng_1.2-0~beta3-4_amd64 bug


       aircrack-ng - a 802.11 WEP / WPA-PSK key cracker


       aircrack-ng [options] <.cap / .ivs file(s)>


       aircrack-ng is an 802.11 WEP and WPA/WPA2-PSK key cracking program.
       It can recover the WEP key once enough encrypted packets have been captured with airodump-
       ng. This part of the aircrack-ng suite  determines  the  WEP  key  using  two  fundamental
       methods.  The  first  method  is  via the PTW approach (Pyshkin, Tews, Weinmann). The main
       advantage of the PTW approach is that very few data packets are required to crack the  WEP
       key.  The second method is the FMS/KoreK method. The FMS/KoreK method incorporates various
       statistical attacks to discover the WEP key and  uses  these  in  combination  with  brute
       Additionally,  the  program  offers  a  dictionary method for determining the WEP key. For
       cracking WPA/WPA2 pre-shared keys, a wordlist (file or stdin) or an airolib-ng has  to  be


       Common options:

       -a <amode>
              Force the attack mode, 1 or wep for WEP and 2 or wpa for WPA-PSK.

       -e <essid>
              Select  the target network based on the ESSID. This option is also required for WPA
              cracking if the SSID is cloacked.  For  SSID  containing  special  characters,  see

       -b <bssid> or --bssid <bssid>
              Select the target network based on the access point MAC address.

       -p <nbcpu>
              Set  this  option  to the number of CPUs to use (only available on SMP systems). By
              default, it uses all available CPUs

       -q     If set, no status information is displayed.

       -C <macs> or --combine <macs>
              Merges all those APs MAC (separated by a comma) into a virtual one.

       -l <file>
              Write the key into a file.

       -E <file>
              Create Elcomsoft Wireless Security Auditor (EWSA) Project file v3.02.

       Static WEP cracking options:

       -c     Search alpha-numeric characters only.

       -t     Search binary coded decimal characters only.

       -h     Search the numeric key for Fritz!BOX

       -d <mask> or --debug <mask>
              Specify mask of the key. For example: A1:XX:CF

       -m <maddr>
              Only keep the IVs coming from packets that match this MAC  address.  Alternatively,
              use  -m ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff to use all and every IVs, regardless of the network (this
              disables ESSID and BSSID filtering).

       -n <nbits>
              Specify the length of the key: 64 for 40-bit WEP, 128 for 104-bit WEP, etc.,  until
              512 bits of length. The default value is 128.

       -i <index>
              Only  keep  the  IVs that have this key index (1 to 4). The default behaviour is to
              ignore the key index in the packet, and use the IV regardless.

       -f <fudge>
              By default, this parameter is set  to  2.  Use  a  higher  value  to  increase  the
              bruteforce  level:  cracking  will  take more time, but with a higher likelihood of

       -k <korek>
              There are 17 KoreK attacks. Sometimes one attack creates a huge false positive that
              prevents the key from being found, even with lots of IVs. Try -k 1, -k 2, ... -k 17
              to disable each attack selectively.

       -x or -x0
              Disable last keybytes bruteforce (not advised).

       -x1    Enable last keybyte bruteforcing (default)

       -x2    Enable last two keybytes bruteforcing.

       -X     Disable bruteforce multithreading (SMP only).

       -s     Shows ASCII version of the key at the right of the screen.

       -y     This is an experimental single brute-force attack which should only  be  used  when
              the standard attack mode fails with more than one million IVs.

       -z     Uses  PTW  (Andrei  Pyshkin,  Erik  Tews and Ralf-Philipp Weinmann) attack (default

       -P <num> or --ptw-debug <num>
              PTW debug: 1 Disable klein, 2 PTW.

       -K     Use KoreK attacks instead of PTW.

       -D or --wep-decloak
              WEP decloak mode.

       -1 or --oneshot
              Run only 1 try to crack key with PTW.

       -M <num>
              Specify maximum number of IVs to use.

       WEP and WPA-PSK cracking options

       -w <words>
              Path to a dictionary file for wpa cracking. Specify "-" to use  stdin.  Here  is  a
              list                of                wordlists:               http://www.aircrack-

       WPA-PSK cracking options:

       -S     WPA cracking speed test.

       -r <database>
              Path to the airolib-ng database. Cannot be used with '-w'.

       Other options:

       -H or --help
              Show help screen

       -u or --cpu-detect
              Provide information on the number of CPUs and MMX/SSE support


       This manual page was written by Adam Cecile <> for  the  Debian  system
       (but may be used by others).  Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
       document under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Version 2 or any later version
       published  by the Free Software Foundation On Debian systems, the complete text of the GNU
       General Public License can be found in /usr/share/common-licenses/GPL.