Provided by: alsa-utils_1.1.0-0ubuntu5_amd64 bug


       arecord, aplay - command-line sound recorder and player for ALSA soundcard driver


       arecord [flags] [filename]
       aplay [flags] [filename [filename]] ...


       arecord  is  a  command-line soundfile recorder for the ALSA soundcard driver. It supports
       several file formats and multiple soundcards with  multiple  devices.  If  recording  with
       interleaved mode samples the file is automatically split before the 2GB filesize.

       aplay  is  much  the  same,  only  it  plays instead of recording. For supported soundfile
       formats, the sampling rate, bit depth, and so forth can be automatically  determined  from
       the soundfile header.

       If  filename  is  not  specified,  the standard output or input is used. The aplay utility
       accepts multiple filenames.


       -h, --help
              Help: show syntax.

              Print current version.

       -l, --list-devices
              List all soundcards and digital audio devices

       -L, --list-pcms
              List all PCMs defined

       -D, --device=NAME
              Select PCM by name

       -q --quiet
              Quiet mode. Suppress messages (not sound :))

       -t, --file-type TYPE
              File type (voc, wav, raw or au).  If this parameter is omitted the WAVE  format  is

       -c, --channels=#
              The  number  of  channels.  The default is one channel.  Valid values are 1 through

       -f --format=FORMAT
              Sample format
              Recognized sample formats are: S8 U8 S16_LE  S16_BE  U16_LE  U16_BE  S24_LE  S24_BE
              U24_LE  U24_BE  S32_LE S32_BE U32_LE U32_BE FLOAT_LE FLOAT_BE FLOAT64_LE FLOAT64_BE
              S24_3LE  S24_3BE  U24_3LE  U24_3BE  S20_3LE S20_3BE U20_3LE U20_3BE S18_3LE S18_3BE
              Some of these may not be available on selected hardware
              The available format shortcuts are:
              -f cd (16 bit little endian, 44100, stereo) [-f S16_LE -c2 -r44100]
              -f cdr (16 bit big endian, 44100, stereo) [-f S16_BE -c2 -f44100]
              -f dat (16 bit little endian, 48000, stereo) [-f S16_LE -c2 -r48000]
              If no format is given U8 is used.

       -r, --rate=#<Hz>
              Sampling rate in Hertz. The default rate is 8000 Hertz.  If the value specified  is
              less than 300, it is taken as the rate in kilohertz.  Valid values are 2000 through
              192000 Hertz.

       -d, --duration=#
              Interrupt after # seconds.  A value of zero means infinity.  The default  is  zero,
              so if this option is omitted then the arecord process will run until it is killed.

       -s, --sleep-min=#
              Min ticks to sleep. The default is not to sleep.

       -M, --mmap
              Use memory-mapped (mmap) I/O mode for the audio stream.  If this option is not set,
              the read/write I/O mode will be used.

       -N, --nonblock
              Open the audio device in non-blocking mode. If the device is busy the program  will
              exit immediately.  If this option is not set the program will block until the audio
              device is available again.

       -F, --period-time=#
              Distance between interrupts is # microseconds.  If no period  time  and  no  period
              size is given then a quarter of the buffer time is set.

       -B, --buffer-time=#
              Buffer  duration  is  #  microseconds If no buffer time and no buffer size is given
              then the maximal allowed buffer time but not more than 500ms is set.

              Distance between interrupts is # frames If no period size and  no  period  time  is
              given then a quarter of the buffer size is set.

              Buffer  duration is # frames If no buffer time and no buffer size is given then the
              maximal allowed buffer time but not more than 500ms is set.

       -A, --avail-min=#
              Min available space for wakeup is # microseconds

       -R, --start-delay=#
              Delay for automatic PCM start is # microseconds (relative to buffer size if <= 0)

       -T, --stop-delay=#
              Delay for automatic PCM stop is # microseconds from xrun

       -v, --verbose
              Show PCM structure and setup.  This  option  is  accumulative.   The  VU  meter  is
              displayed when this is given twice or three times.

       -V, --vumeter=TYPE
              Specifies  the  VU-meter  type,  either  stereo  or  mono.   The stereo VU-meter is
              available only for 2-channel stereo samples with interleaved format.

       -I, --separate-channels
              One file for each channel.  This option disables  max-file-time  and  use-strftime,
              and ignores SIGUSR1.  The stereo VU meter is not available with separate channels.

       -P     Playback.  This is the default if the program is invoked by typing aplay.

       -C     Record.  This is the default if the program is invoked by typing arecord.

       -i, --interactive
              Allow  interactive  operation  via stdin.  Currently only pause/resume via space or
              enter key is implemented.

       -m, --chmap=ch1,ch2,...
              Give the channel map to override or follow.  Pass channel position strings like FL,
              FR, etc.

              If a device supports the override of the channel map, aplay tries to pass the given
              channel map.  If it doesn't support the channel map override but still it  provides
              the  channel  map  information,  aplay  tries to rearrange the channel order in the
              buffer to match with the returned channel map from the device.

              Disable automatic rate resample.

              Disable automatic channel conversions.

              Disable automatic format conversions.

              Disable software volume control (softvol).

              Test ring buffer position.

              Test coefficient for ring buffer position; default is 8.  Expression for validation
              is: coef * (buffer_size / 2).  Minimum value is 1.

              Do not wait for the ring buffer ‐ eats the whole CPU.

              While  recording,  when  the output file has been accumulating sound for this long,
              close it and open a new output file.  Default is the maximum size supported by  the
              file   format:   2   GiB   for   WAV   files.    This   option  has  no  effect  if
              --separate-channels is specified.

       --process-id-file <file name>
              aplay writes its process ID here, so other programs can send signals to it.

              When recording, interpret %-codes in the file name  parameter  using  the  strftime
              facility  whenever the output file is opened.  The important strftime codes are: %Y
              is the year, %m month, %d day of the month, %H hour, %M minute and %S  second.   In
              addition,  %v  is  the  file number, starting at 1.  When this option is specified,
              intermediate directories for the  output  file  are  created  automatically.   This
              option has no effect if --separate-channels is specified.

              Dump  hw_params  of  the  device  preconfigured  status  to  stderr. The dump lists
              capabilities of the selected device such  as  supported  formats,  sampling  rates,
              numbers of channels, period and buffer bytes/sizes/times.  For raw device hw:X this
              option basically lists hardware capabilities of the soundcard.

              Disables recovery attempts when errors  (e.g.  xrun)  are  encountered;  the  aplay
              process instead aborts immediately.


       When  recording, SIGINT, SIGTERM and SIGABRT will close the output file and exit.  SIGUSR1
       will close the output file, open a new one, and continue recording.  However, SIGUSR1 does
       not work with --separate-channels.


       aplay -c 1 -t raw -r 22050 -f mu_law foobar
              will play the raw file "foobar" as a 22050-Hz, mono, 8-bit, Mu-Law .au file.

       arecord -d 10 -f cd -t wav -D copy foobar.wav
              will  record  foobar.wav as a 10-second, CD-quality wave file, using the PCM "copy"
              (which might be defined in the user's .asoundrc file as:
              pcm.copy {
                type plug
                slave {
                  pcm hw
                route_policy copy

       arecord -t wav --max-file-time 30 mon.wav
              Record from the default audio source in monaural, 8,000 samples per second, 8  bits
              per  sample.   Start a new file every 30 seconds.  File names are mon-nn.wav, where
              nn increases from 01.  The file after mon-99.wav is mon-100.wav.

       arecord -f cd -t wav --max-file-time 3600 --use-strftime %Y/%m/%d/listen-%H-%M-%v.wav
              Record in stereo from the default audio source.  Create a new file every hour.  The
              files  are  placed  in  directories based on their start dates and have names which
              include their start times and file numbers.


        alsamixer(1), amixer(1)


       Note that .aiff files are not currently supported.


       arecord and aplay are by Jaroslav Kysela <> This document is by Paul Winkler
       <>.  Updated for Alsa 0.9 by James Tappin <>

                                          1 January 2010                                 APLAY(1)