Provided by: blackbox_0.70.1-30_amd64 bug


       blackbox - a window manager for X11


       blackbox -help | -version
       blackbox [ -rc rcfile ] [ -display display ]


       Blackbox  is  a  window manager for the Open Group's X Window System, Version 11 Release 6
       and above.  Its design is meant to be visually minimalist and fast.

       Blackbox is similar to the NeXT interface and Windowmaker. Applications are launched using
       a  menu  which  is  accessed by right clicking on the root window. Workspaces, a system of
       virtual desktops are controlled via a menu which is accessed by  middle  clicking  on  the
       root  window  and by using the toolbar. Individual windows can be controlled by buttons on
       the title bar and more options are available by right clicking on the title bar.

       Blackbox is able to generate beautiful window  decorations  on  the  fly  at  high  speed.
       Themes,  called  styles  in Blackbox terminology, are very flexible but the use of pixmaps
       has been purposefully avoided to eliminate dependencies and excess memory usage.

       Blackbox itself does not directly handle key bindings like  most  other  window  managers.
       This task is handled by a separate utility called bbkeys. Although Blackbox has a built-in
       workspace (paging) system, bbpager, which provides a graphical pager, is popular with many
       users.  bbkeys, bbpager and several other bbtools can be found by going to
       The  slit  is an edge of the screen which can hold specially designed programs called dock
       apps (from Windowmaker). In addition, the popular program gkrellm will  also  run  in  the
       slit.   There  is a huge selection of dockapps available and they run the gamut from must-
       have gadgets to utterly useless (but cute and/or funny) eye candy.


       Blackbox supports the following command line options:

       -help  Display command line options, compiled-in features, and exit.

              Display version and exit.

       -rc rcfile
              Use an alternate resource file.

       -display display
              Start Blackbox on the specified display, and set the DISPLAY  environment  variable
              to this value for programs started by Blackbox.


       The  most  common  method for starting Blackbox is to place the the command "blackbox" (no
       quotes) at the end of your ~/.xinitrc or  ~/.xsession  file.   The  advantage  of  putting
       Blackbox at the end of the file is that the X Server will shutdown when you exit Blackbox.
       Blackbox can also be started from the command line of a terminal program like xterm in  an
       X session that does not already have a window manager running.

       On  startup, Blackbox will look for ~/.blackboxrc and use the resource session.menuFile to
       determine where to get the menu for the session.  If this file is not found Blackbox  will
       use  /etc/X11/blackbox/blackbox-menu as the menu file. If that fails as well Blackbox will
       use a default menu that contains commands to start an xterm as well as  restart  and  exit
       the window manager.  The other resources available in the ~/.blackboxrc file are discussed
       later in this manual under the heading RESOURCE FILE.

       On exit, Blackbox writes its current configuration to ~/.blackboxrc.
       If ~/.blackboxrc is modified during a Blackbox
       session, Blackbox must be restarted with the
       "restart" command on the main menu or the changes
       will be lost on exit. Restart causes Blackbox to
       re-read ~/.blackboxrc and apply the changes immediately.
       Blackbox can be exited by selecting "exit" on the main menu (discussed  shortly),  killing
       it   gently   from  a  terminal  or  by  the  X  Window  System  shutdown  hot  key  combo


       A three button mouse has the following functions when clicking on the root window:

       Button Two  (Middle Button)
              Open workspace menu

       Button Three  (Right Button)
              Open main menu

       Note that Button One (Left Button) is not used.

       Main Menu
              The default installation assumes you have  a  number  of  common  X  Window  System
              programs  in  their  typical locations. The default menu is defined by a plain text
              file named 'menu'. It is heavily commented and covers a number of details  of  menu
              file  syntax.  This  file  can  also  be  edited graphically by using the extension
              program bbconf which makes menu creation very easy. Menu file syntax  is  discussed
              later in this manual.
              Menus can run arbitrary command lines, but
              if you wish to use a complex command line
              it is best to place it in a shell script.
              Remember to put #!/bin/sh on the first
              line and chmod 755 on the file to make it

       Workspace Menu
              This menu gives the user control of the workspace system. The user can create a new
              workspace, remove the last workspace or go to an application via  either  the  icon
              menu  or  a  workspace  entry.   Workspaces  are  listed  by  name. Clicking on the
              workspace name will take you to that workspace with focus on the program under  the
              mouse.  If there are programs already running in the workspace, they will appear in
              a pop-out menu.  Clicking on the application name will jump to  the  workspace  and
              focus that application. If a middle click is used the window will be brought to the
              current workspace.

              Blackbox uses an external program, bbpager, to  provide  a  traditional,  graphical
              paging interface to the workspace system. Many Blackbox users run another extension
              program - bbkeys - to provide keyboard shortcuts for workspace control.
              To name a workspace the user must right
              click on the toolbar, select "Edit current
              workspace name," type the workspace name,
              And_Press_Enter to finish.
              Workspaces can also be named in the .blackboxrc file as described in RESOURCES.

       The Slit
              The Slit provides a user positionable window for running  utility  programs  called
              "dockapps".  To  learn  more about dockapps refer to the web sites mentioned in the
              Description. Dockapps automatically run in the slit in most cases, but may  require
              a special command switch.  Often, -w is used for "withdrawn" into the slit.

              gkrellm  is  a  very  useful  and modern dockapp that gives the user near real time
              information on  machine  performance.  Other  dockapps  include  clocks,  notepads,
              pagers, key grabbers, fishbowls, fire places and many, many others.

              Only mouse button three is captured by the Blackbox slit. This menu allows the user
              to change the position of the slit, and sets the state of Always on top,  and  Auto
              hide. These all do what the user expects.

              When starting Dockapps from an external script
              a race condition can take place where the shell
              rapidly forks all of the dockapps, which then
              take varied and random times to draw themselves
              for the first time. To get the dockapps to start
              in a given order, follow each dockapp with
              sleep 2; This ensures that each dockapp is placed
              in the correct order by the slit.
              speyes -w & sleep 2
              gkrellm -w & sleep 2

       The Toolbar
              The  toolbar  provides  an alternate method for cycling through multiple workspaces
              and applications. The left side of the toolbar is the workspace control, the center
              is  the application control, and the right side is a clock. The format of the clock
              can be controlled as described under RESOURCES.

              Mouse button 3 raises a menu that allows configuration of the toolbar.  It  can  be
              positioned  either  at  the  top or the bottom of the screen and can be set to auto
              hide and/or to always be on top.

              The toolbar is a permanent fixture. It
              can only be removed by modifying the source and
              rebuilding, which is beyond the scope of this
              document. Setting the toolbar to auto hide is
              the next best thing.

       Window Decorations
              Window decorations include handles at the bottom of each window, a title  bar,  and
              three  control  buttons.   The handles at the bottom of the window are divided into
              three sections.  The two corner sections are resizing handles The center section is
              a  window  moving  handle.  The bottom center handle and the title bar respond to a
              number of mouse clicks and key + mouse click combinations. The three buttons in the
              title  bar,  left to right, are iconify, maximize, and close. The resize button has
              special behavior detailed below.

       Button One  (Left Button)
              Click and drag on titlebar to move  or  resize  from  bottom  corners.   Click  the
              iconify  button  to move the window to the icon list.  Click the maximize button to
              fully maximize the window.   Click  the  close  button  to  close  the  window  and
              application.  Double-Click the title bar to shade the window.

       Alt + Button One
              Click anywhere on client window and drag to move the window.

       Button Two  (Middle Button)
              Click  the titlebar to lower the window.  Click the maximize button to maximize the
              window vertically.

       Button Three  (Right Button)
              Click on title bar or bottom center handle pulls down a control  menu.   Click  the
              maximize button to maximize the window horizontally.

       Alt + Button Three
              Click anywhere on client window and drag to resize the window.

       The control menu contains:

       Send To ...
              Button One  (Left Button)
              Click to send this window to another workspace.
              Button Two  (Middle Button)
              Click to send this window to another workspace, change
              to that workspace and keep the application focused.
              as well.

       Shade  This is the same action as Double-Click with Button One.

              Hide the window.  It can be accessed with the icon menu.

              Toggle window maximization.

       Raise  Bring window to the front above the other windows and
              focus it.

       Lower  Drop the window below the other ones.

       Stick  Stick this window to the glass on the inside of
              the monitor so it does not hide when you change

       Kill Client
              This kills the client program with -SIGKILL (-9)
              Only use this as a last resort.

       Close  Send a close signal to the client application.


       Styles  are  a  collection  of  colors, fonts, and textures that control the appearance of
       Blackbox. These characteristics are recorded in style  files.  The  default  system  style
       files  are located in /usr/share/blackbox/styles.  The menu system will identify the style
       by its filename, and styles can  be  sorted  into  different  directories  at  the  user's

       There  are  over  700  styles  available for Blackbox. The official distribution point for
       Blackbox styles is

       All themes should install by simply downloading them to ~/.blackbox/ then  unzip  it,  and
       de-tar it.

       On open Unixes this will be:

       tar zxvf stylename.tar.gz

       On commercial Unixes this will be something like:

       gunzip stylename.tar.gz && tar xvf stylename.tar

       Check your system manuals for specifics or check with your network administrator.

       An entry should appear in the styles menu immediately.
       Security Warning
       Style files can execute shell scripts and other
       executables. It would is wise to check the
       rootCommand in the style file and make sure that
       it is benign.

       Things that go wrong.

       1. The theme is pre Blackbox 0.51.
              Style file syntax changed with version 0.51

       2. The style tarball was formatted incorrectly.
              Some styles use the directories ~/.blackbox/Backgrounds and ~/.blackbox/Styles

              This  can  fixed by adding a [stylemenu] (~/.blackbox/Styles) to your menu file. To
              be a complete purist, hack the style file with the correct paths and move the files
              into the correct directories

       3. The rootCommmand line is broken.
              The  rootCommand  line  in  the  style file will run an arbitrary executable. It is
              important that this executable be set to bsetbg  to  maintain  portability  between
              systems  with  different  graphics software. In addition bsetbg can execute a shell
              script and do it in a portable fashion as well.

       The documented method for creating styles is as follows:

       1. Create or acquire the background for the style if
              it will not be using bsetroot to draw a patterned background for the root window.

              Blackbox runs on a wide variety
              of systems ranging from PCs with 640x480 256 color
              displays to ultra high speed workstations with 25"
              screens and extreme resolution. For best results a
              style graphic should be at least 1024x768.

       2. Create a style file.
              The best way to do this is to make a copy of a similar style and then edit it.

              The style file is a list of X resources and other external variables.  Manipulating
              these  variables  allows users to completely change the appearance of Blackbox. The
              user can also change the root window image by using the wrapper program bsetbg.

              bsetbg knows how to use a number of programs to set the  root  window  image.  This
              makes  styles  much  more  portable since various platforms have different graphics
              software. For more info see bsetbg (1).

       3. Background images should be placed in
              ~/.blackbox/backgrounds The style file should be placed in  ~/.blackbox/styles  any
              other     information     about     the     style     should     be    placed    in
              ~/.blackbox/about/STYLE_NAME/.  This would include README files, licenses, etc.

              Previous versions of Blackbox put backgrounds and styles in different  directories.
              The  directories  listed  above  are  the  only  officially  supported directories.
              However you may put them whereever you like as long as you update your menu file so
              it knows where to find your styles.

       4. To create a consistent experience and to ensure
              portability  between  all  systems  it  is important to use the following format to
              create your style archive.

              first create a new directory named after your style NEW_STYLE

              In this directory create the directories
              Next put everything for the theme in these locations. Finally type

              tar cvzf NEW_STYLE.tar.gz *

              If you are using commercial Unix you may need to use gzip and tar separately.

              Now when a user downloads a new style file she knows that all she has to do is  put
              the tarball in her Blackbox directory, unzip->un-tar it and then click on it in her
              style menu.

       Style File Syntax and Details

              By far the easiest way to create a new  style  is  to  use  bbconf.  bbconf  allows
              complete  control  of every facet of style files and gives immediate updates of the
              current style as changes are made.

              The style file format is not currently documented in a man page.  There is a readme
              document included with the Blackbox source containing this information.


       The  default  menu file is installed in /etc/X11/blackbox/blackbox-menu.  This menu can be
       customized as a system default menu or the user can create a personal menu.

       To create a personal menu copy the default menu to a file in your home  directory.   Then,
       open ~/.blackboxrc and add or modify the resource session.menuFile:  ~/.blackbox/menu

       Next, edit the new menu file. This can be done during a Blackbox session and the menu will
       automatically be updated when the code checks for file changes.

       The default menu included with Blackbox has numerous comments describing the  use  of  all
       menu commands. Menu commands follow this general form:

       [command]  (label|filename) {shell command|filename}

       Blackbox menu commands:

          #    string...
              Hash  (or pound or number sign) is used as the comment delimiter. It can be used as
              a full line comment or as an end of line comment after a valid command statement.

       [begin]  (string)
              This tag is used only once at the beginning of the menu file. "string" is the  name
              or description used at the top of the menu.

              This tag is used at the end of the menu file and at the end of a submenu block.

       [exec]  (label string) {command string}
              This  is a very flexible tag that allows the user to run an arbitrary shell command
              including shell scripts. If a command is too large to type on the command  line  by
              hand it is best to put it in a shell script.

       [nop]  (label string)
              This  tag  is  used  to  put  a  divider  in the menu.  label string is an optional

       [submenu]  (submenu name) {title string}
              This creates a sub-menu with the name submenu name and if given, the  string  title
              string will be the title of the pop up menu itself.

       [include]  (filename)
              This  command  inserts  filename  into  the  menu  file at the point at which it is
              called.  filename should not contain a begin end pair. This feature can be used  to
              include  the  system  menu or include a piece of menu that is updated by a separate

       [stylesdir]  (description) (path)
              Causes Blackbox to search path for style files. Blackbox lists styles in  the  menu
              by their file name as returned by the OS.

       [stylesmenu]  (description) {path}
              This command creates a submenu with the name description with the contents of path.
              By creating a submenu and then populating it with stylesmenu entries the  user  can
              create an organized library of styles.

       [workspaces]  (description)
              Inserts a link into the main menu to the workspace menu. If used, description is an
              optional description.

       [config]  (label)
              This command causes Blackbox to insert a menu that  gives  the  user  control  over
              focus models, dithering and other system preferences.

       [reconfig]  (label) {shell command}
              The  reconfig  command causes Blackbox to reread its configuration files. This does
              not include ~/.blackboxrc which is only reread when Blackbox is restarted. If shell
              command is included Blackbox will run this command or shell script before rereading
              the files. This can be used to switch between multiple configurations

       [restart]  (label) {shell command}
              This command is actually an exit command that defaults to restarting  Blackbox.  If
              provided  shell  command  is  run  instead  of Blackbox. This can be used to change
              versions of Blackbox. Not that you would ever want to do this but, it could also be
              used to start a different window manager.

       [exit]  (label)
              Shuts  down Blackbox. If Blackbox is the last command in your ~/.xinitrc file, this
              action will also shutdown X.
              Here is a working example of a menu file:
              [begin] (MenuName)
                 [exec] (xterm) {xterm -ls -bg black -fg green}
                 [submenu] (X utilities)
                    [exec] (xcalc) {xcalc}
                 [submenu] (styles)
                    [stylesmenu] (built-in styles) {/usr/share/blackbox/styles}
                    [stylesmenu] (custom styles) {~/.blackbox/styles}
                 [workspaces] (workspace list)
                 [config] (configure)
                 [reconfig] (config play desktop) {play-config-blackbox}
                 [reconfig] (config work desktop) {work-config-blackbox}
                 [restart] (start Blackbox beta 7) {blackbox-beta7}
                 [restart] (start Blackbox cvs) {blackbox-cvs}
                 [restart] (restart)
                 [exit] (exit)


       $HOME/.blackboxrc These options are  stored  in  the  ~/.blackboxrc  file.   They  control
       various features of Blackbox and most can be set from menus. Some of these can only be set
       by editing .blackboxrc directly.

       NOTE: Blackbox only reads this file during start up. To make changes take effect during  a
       Blackbox  session  the  user must choose "restart" on the main menu.  If you do not do so,
       your changes will be lost when Blackbox exits.

       Some resources are named with a <num> after screen.  This  should  be  replaced  with  the
       number of the screen that is being configured. The default is 0 (zero).

       Menu Configurable  (Slit Menu):
          Right click (button 3) on the slit border.

       session.screen<num>.slit.placement  SEE BELOW
          Determines  the  position  of  the  slit.   Certain combinations of slit.placement with
          slit.direction are not terribly useful, i.e. TopCenter with Vertical direction puts the
          slit  through the middle of your screen. Certainly some will think that is cool if only
          to be different...
          Default is CenterLeft.
          [  TopLeft  |   TopCenter  |   TopRight  |
           CenterLeft |              | CenterRight |
           BottomLeft | BottomCenter | BottomRight ]

       session.screen<num>.slit.direction  [Horizontal|Vertical]
          Determines the direction of the slit.
          Default is Vertical.

       session.screen<num>.slit.onTop  [True|False]
          Determines whether the slit is always visible over windows or if the focused window can
          hide the slit.
          Default is True.

       session.screen<num>.slit.autoHide  [True|False]
          Determines  whether  the  slit  hides when not in use.  The session.autoRaiseDelay time
          determines how long you must hover to get the slit to  raise  and  how  long  it  stays
          visible after mouse out.
          Default is False.

       Menu Configurable  (Main Menu):

       session.screen<num>.focusModel  SEE BELOW
          Sloppy  focus  (mouse  focus) is the conventional X Window behavior and can be modified
          with AutoRaise or Click-Raise.

          AutoRaise  causes  the  window  to  automatically  raise  after  session.autoRaiseDelay

          ClickRaise  causes  the window to raise if you click anywhere inside the client area of
          the window.

          Sloppy focus alone requires a click on the titlebar, border or lower grip to raise  the

          ClickToFocus  requires  a click on a Blackbox decoration or in the client area to focus
          and raise the window.  ClickToFocus cannot be modified by AutoRaise or ClickRaise.
          Default is SloppyFocus
          [SloppyFocus [[AutoRaise & ClickRaise]  |
                        [AutoRaise | ClickRaise]] |

       session.screen<num>.windowPlacement  SEE BELOW
          RowSmartPlacement tries to fit new windows in empty space by  making  rows.   Direction
          depends on session.screen<num>.rowPlacementDirection

          ColSmartPlacement  tries  to fit new windows in empty space by making columns Direction
          depends on session.screen<num>.colPlacementDirection

          CascadePlacement places the new window down and to  the  right  of  the  most  recently
          created window.
          Default is RowSmartPlacement.
          [RowSmartPlacement | ColSmartPlacement | CascadePlacement]

       session.screen<num>.rowPlacementDirection  [LeftToRight|RightToLeft]
          Determines placement direction for new windows.
          Default is LeftToRight.

       session.screen<num>.colPlacementDirection  [TopToBottom|BottomToTop]
          Determines placement direction for new windows.
          Default is TopToBottom.

       session.imageDither  [True|False]
          This setting is only used when running in low color modes. Image Dithering helps one to
          show an image properly even if there are not enough colors available in the system.
          Default is False.

       session.opaqueMove  [True|False]
          Determines whether the window's contents are drawn as it  is  moved.   When  False  the
          behavior is to draw a box representing the window.
          Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.fullMaximization  [True|False]
          Determines  if  the maximize button will cause an application to maximize over the slit
          and toolbar.
          Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.focusNewWindows  [True|False]
          Determines if  newly  created  windows  are  given  focus  after  they  initially  draw
          Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.focusLastWindow  [True|False]
          This  is actually "when moving between workspaces, remember which window has focus when
          leaving a workspace and return  the  focus  to  that  window  when  I  return  to  that
          Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.disableBindingsWithScrollLock  [True|False]
          When  this resource is enabled, turning on scroll lock keeps Blackbox from grabbing the
          Alt and Ctrl keys that it normally uses for mouse controls. This feature  allows  users
          of  drawing  and  modeling  programs  which  use  keystrokes to modify mouse actions to
          maintain their sanity.  *NOTE* this has _no_ affect on bbkeys.  If you need  bbkeys  to
          also  behave  this way it has a similar option in its config file.  Refer to the bbkeys
          manpage for details.
          Default is False.

       Menu Configurable  (Workspace Menu):
          Middle click (button 2) on the root window (AKA Desktop) to reach this menu

       session.screen<num>.workspaces  [integer]
          Workspaces may be created or deleted by middle clicking on  the  desktop  and  choosing
          "New  Workspace"  or  "Remove  Last".  After  creating  a workspace, right click on the
          toolbar to name it.
          Default is 1

       Menu Configurable  (Toolbar Menu):

       session.screen<num>.workspaceNames  [string[, string...]]
          Workspaces are named in the order specified in this resource. Names should be delimited
          by  commas.  If there are more workspaces than explicit names, un-named workspaces will
          be named as "Workspace [number]".
          Default is
          Workspace 1.

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.placement  SEE BELOW
          Set toolbar screen position.
          Default is BottomCenter
          [  TopLeft  |   TopCenter  |   TopRight  |
           BottomLeft | BottomCenter | BottomRight ]

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.onTop  [True|False]
          Determines whether the toolbar is always visible over windows or if the focused  window
          can hide the toolbar.
          Default is True.

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.autoHide  [True|False]
          Determines  whether the toolbar hides when not in use.  The session.autoRaiseDelay time
          determines how long you must hover to get the toolbar to raise, and how long  it  stays
          visible after mouse out.
          Default is False.

       Configurable in  ~/.Blackboxrc only:

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.widthPercent  [1-100]
          Percentage  of  screen used by the toolbar.  A number from 1-100 that sets the width of
          the toolbar.  0 (zero) does not cause the toolbar to disappear, instead the toolbar  is
          set  to  the default. If you want to lose the toolbar there are patches that can remove
          Default is 66.

       session.screen<num>.strftimeFormat  [string]
          A C language date format string, any combination of specifiers can be used. The default
          is  %I:%M  %p  which  generates  a  12  hour  clock with minutes and an am/pm indicator
          appropriate to the locale.
          24 hours and minutes    %H:%M
          12 hours and minute     %I:%M %p
          month/day/year          %m/%d/%y
          day/month/year          %d/%m/%y
          Default is hours:minutes am/pm
          strftime 3
          for more details.

       session.screen<num>.dateFormat  [American|European]
          NOTE: Only used if the strftime() function is not available on  your system.
          Default is American, (mon/day/year).

       session.screen<num>.clockFormat  [12/24]
          NOTE: Only used if the strftime() function is not available on your system.
          Default is 12-hour format.

       session.screen<num>.edgeSnapThreshold  [integer]
          When set to 0 this turns off edge snap. When set to one or greater edge snap will cause
          a  window  that  is being moved to snap to the nearest screen edge, the slit, or or the
          toolbar. Windows will not snap to each other.  The value represents a number in  pixels
          which is the distance between the window and a screen edge which is required before the
          window is snapped to the screen edge.  If you prefer this functionality values  between
          6 - 10 work nicely.
          Default value is 0

       session.menuFile  [filepath]
          Full path to the current menu file.
          Default is /etc/X11/blackbox/blackbox-menu

       session.colorsPerChannel  [2-6]
          The  number  of  colors  taken from the X server for use on pseudo color displays. This
          value must be set to 4 for 8 bit displays.
          Default is 4.

       session.doubleClickInterval  [integer]
          This is the maximum time that Blackbox will wait after one  click  to  catch  a  double
          click.  This only applies to Blackbox actions, such as double click shading, not to the
          X server in general.
          Default is 250 milliseconds.

       session.autoRaiseDelay  [integer]
          This is the time in milliseconds used for auto raise and auto hide behaviors. More than
          about 1000 ms is likely useless.
          Default is 250 millisecond.

       session.cacheLife  [integer]
          Determines  the  maximum  number  of  minutes  that  the  X  server  will  cache unused
          Default is 5 minutes

       session.cacheMax  [integer]
          Determines how many kilobytes that Blackbox may take from  the  X  server  for  storing
          decorations.  Increasing this number may enhance your performance if you have plenty of
          memory and use lots of different windows.
          Default is 200 Kilobytes


       HOME   Blackbox uses $HOME to find its .blackboxrc rc file and its .blackbox directory for
              menus and style directories.

              If  a  display is not specified on the command line, Blackbox will use the value of


              Application binary

              User's startup and resource file.

              Default system wide menu


       General info website:

       Development website:


       If you think you have found a bug, please help by going to  the  development  website  and
       select  "Bugs"  in  the  upper menu. Check the bug list to see if your problem has already
       been reported. If it has please read the summary and add any information that you  believe
       would help. If your bug has not been submitted select "Submit New" and fill out the form.


       Sean  Shaleh  Perry  <> is the current maintainer and is actively working
       together with Brad to keep Blackbox up-to-date and stable as a rock.

       Brad Hughes  <> originally designed and coded Blackbox in  1997  with
       the  intent of creating a memory efficient window manager with no dependencies on external
       libraries.  Brad's original  idea  has  become  a  popular  alternative  to  other  window

       Jeff  Raven   <>  then  picked up the torch for the 0.61.x series after Brad
       took a full time job at TrollTech.

       This manual page was written by: R.B. Brig Young  <> he is  solely
       responsible for errors or omissions.  Comments, corrections, and suggestions are welcomed.


       bsetbg(1), bsetroot(1),
       bbkeys(1), bbconf(1)