Provided by: dynagen_0.11.0-7_all bug


       dynagen - command line interface to dynamips Cisco 7200 Emulator


       dynagen [options] configuration file


       Dynagen  is  a  text-based  front  end  for  Dynamips,  that  uses the hypervisor mode for
       communication  with  Dynamips.  Dynagen  simplifies  building  and  working  with  virtual
       networks.  Dynagen  uses a simple and easy to understand configuration file for specifying
       virtual router hardware  configurations.  Configuration  file  has  a  simple  syntax  for
       interconnecting  routers,  bridges,  frame-relay  and  ATM  switches. No need to deal with
       NetIO's. Dynagen provides a  management  CLI  for  listing  devices,  starting,  stopping,
       reloading, suspending and resuming virtual routers.
       Dynagen  can  work  in  a  client  server  mode,  with dynagen running on your Workstation
       communicating to dynamips servers running ona back-end server. Dynagen  can  also  control
       multiple  dynamips  servers  simultaneously for distributing large virtual networks across
       several machines.

       Before running dynagen you need to start dynamips:

       nice dynamips -H 7200 &


       This program follow the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two
       dashes (`-'). A summary of options is included below.

       -n, --nosend
              Do not send any command to dynamips.

       -d, --debug
              Show debugging information.

       -h, --help
              Show summary of options.

              Show version.


       Empty lines or lines starting with a hash ('#') are ignored.
       Configuration file, in other documentation also called network file, knows three sections:
       global section, server section which starts with [...]  and  device  section  which  start
       with [[...]]. Server section and device section can have multiple occurrencies.

       Server Section: [<ip-address|hostname>]
       Device   Section:  [[7200|ROUTER|FRSW|ATMSW|ETHSW  <name>]]  The  7200  section  specifies
       defaults for all 7200 routers on this Dynamips  server.  Everything  in  this  section  is
       optional, and defaults to whatever the default is in Dynamips

       Global Configuration variable
              autostart <true/false> (Default: True)
              By  default,  all  routers  are  automatically  started when a lab is launched. The
              autostart keyword overrides this behavior, and the lab  must  manually  be  started
              (start /all).

       Server Configuration variables
              port <1-65535> (Default: 7200)
              Hypervision port to connect to.
              workingdir <path> (Default: None)
              Set  the directory where Dynamips will store all the device files for this network.
              This is the fully qualified path relative to the system running dynamips.
              console <1-65535> (Default: 2000)
              Base console port. New instances that do not specify a console port will default to
              this + the instance number.
              udp <1-65535> (Default: 10000)
              Set the base UDP port for NIOs.

       Device Configuration variables

              The  7200  section specifies defaults for all 7200 routers on this Dynamips server.
              Everything in this section is optional, and defaults to whatever the default is  in

              image <path/file> (Default: None)
              Full  path to 7200 IOS image file. This is the fully qualified path relative to the
              system running dynamips.
              ram <integer> (Default: None) Amount of Virtual RAM  to  allocate  to  each  router
              rom <integer> (Default: None)
              Size of ROM.
              nvram <integer> (Default: None)
              Size of NVRAM.
              disk0 <integer> (Default: None)
              Set size of PCMCIA ATA disk0
              disk1 <integer> (Default: None)
              Set size of PCMCIA ATA disk1
              cnfg <path/file> (Default: None)
              Configuration  file  to  import.  This  is the fully qualified path relative to the
              system running dynamips.
              confreg <hex> (Default: 0x2102) 0x210X where X=0,1,2
              Set the configuration register
              idlepc <string> (Default: None)
              Set the Idle PC value.  Include a description here.
              exec_area <string> (Default: None)
              Set the exec area size.
              clock <integer> (Default: None)
              Clock divisor (should no longer been needed as of dynamips 0.2.5 RC1)
              npe <npe-100|150|175|200|225|300|400> (Default: None)
              NPE type.
              midplane <std|vxr> (Default: None)
              Midplane, either "std" or "vxr"
              mmap <binary> (Default: True)
              Set to false to use real memory rather than a disk file for router vitural  memory.
              Conserves RAM at the expense of performance.

       [[ROUTER <name>]]
              All  options from the 7200 section are options here as well, including "autostart".
              <name> must be unique in network file.
              model 7200 (Default: 7200)
              console <1-65535> (Default: None)
              Console port. Defaults to the server's base console port (specified in  the  server
              section) + instance number.
              aux <1-65535> (Default: None)
              Aux port.
              slotX <0-X> <PA-C7200-IO-FE|PA-FE-TX|PA-4T|PA-4E|PA-POS-OC3> (Default: None)
              Manual  PA  specification. This is optional, and if not done dynagen will make sane
              decisions based on the interface specifications.
                  slot0 = PA-C7200-IO-FE  # Ethernet in slot 0
                  slot1 = PA-FE-TX        # Ethernet in slot 1
                  slot3 = PA-4T           # PA-4T+ in slot 2
                  slot6 = PA-4E           # PA-4E in slot 6
                  #slotx = PA-POS-OC3     # PA-POS-OC3 in slot x

              <local interface> = <remote interface>
              Interface specification. Can take the following forms:
                  f1/0 = R2 f1/0      # Connect to f1/0 on device R2
                  f2/0 = LAN 1        # Connect to bridged LAN 1
                  s3/0 = R2 s3/0      # Connect to s3/0 on device R2
                  s3/1 = F1 1         # Connect to port 1 on device "F1" (a frame relay switch)
                  s3/2 = F2 1
                  a4/0 = A1 1         # Connect to port 1 on device "A1" (an ATM switch)
                  f5/0 = NIO_linux_eth:eth0   # manually specify an NIO

                  [[ROUTER R2]]
                  # Interface f1/0 will  automatically  be  created  because  the  interface  was
              referenced in R1's config
                  f2/0 = LAN 1        # Connect to bridged LAN 1
                  s4/0 = F1 2
                  s4/1 = F2 2
                  s4/2 = F1 3
                  a5/0 = A1 2

                  [[router R3]]       # Case is not significant
                  # Examples of other manually specified NIOs
                  f1/0 = NIO_gen_eth:\Device\NPF_{B00A38DD-F10B-43B4-99F4-B4A078484487}
                  f2/0 = NIO_udp:10000:
                  f3/0 = NIO_tap:tap0
                  f4/0 = NIO_unix:/tmp/local:/tmp/remote
                  f5/0 = NIO_vde:foo:bar

       [[ETHSW <name>]]
              Define an Ethernet Switch
                  [[ETHSW S1]]
                  1 = access 1        # Port 1 is an access port in vlan 1
                  2 = access 20       # Port 2 is an access port in vlan 20
                  3  = dot1q 1         # Port 3 is a trunk port (dot1q encapsulation) with native
              vlan 1
                  4 = dot1q 1 NIO_gen_eth:eth0   # Port 4 is trunk port (naitive vlan 1) that  is
              connected to the host eth0 via the gen_eth NIO
                  #4  =  dot1q 1 NIO_gen_eth:\Device\NPF_{B00A38DD-F10B-43B4-99F4-B4A078484487} #
              Same as above, Windows example

       [[FRSW <name>]]
              Each FRSW section defines a frame relay switch. All keywords are optional
                  1:102 = 2:201      # Tell the FRSW to switch from port 1, DLCI 102 to  port  2,
              DLCI 201.
                  1:103 = 3:301      # and from port 1, DLCI 103 to port 3, DLCI 301

                  [[FRSW F2]]
                  1:102 = 2:201

       [[ATMSW <name>]]
              Define an ATM Switch
                  1:10 = 2:20         # Port 1, vpi 10 to port 2, vpi 20
                  #1:10:200 = 2:20:100 # Port 1, vpi 10, vci 200 to port 2, vpi 20, vci 100


       See /usr/share/doc/dynagen/examples directory


       Take a look at the Bug tracking system.


       Please send bug reports to

SEE ALSO ⟨⟩ ⟨⟩ ⟨⟩ ⟨⟩


       dynagen was written by Greg Anuzelli (
       This  manual  page  was  written by Erik Wenzel <> for the Debian GNU/Linux
       system (but may be used by others).

                                           Aug 29, 2006                                DYNAGEN(1)