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       hivexsh - Windows Registry hive shell


        hivexsh [-options] [hivefile]


       This program provides a simple shell for navigating Windows Registry 'hive' files.  It
       uses the hivex library for access to these binary files.

       Firstly you will need to provide a hive file from a Windows operating system.  The hive
       files are usually located in "C:\Windows\System32\Config" and have names like "software",
       "system" etc (without any file extension).  For more information about hive files, read
       hivex(3).  For information about downloading files from virtual machines, read virt-cat(1)
       and guestfish(1).

       You can provide the name of the hive file to examine on the command line.  For example:

        hivexsh software

       Or you can start "hivexsh" without any arguments, and immediately use the "load" command
       to load a hive:

        $ hivexsh

        Welcome to hivexsh, the hivex interactive shell for examining
        Windows Registry binary hive files.

        Type: 'help' for help with commands
              'quit' to quit the shell

        > load software

       Navigate through the hive's keys using the "cd" command, as if it contained a filesystem,
       and use "ls" to list the subkeys of the current key.  Other commands are listed below.


       -d  Enable lots of debug messages.  If you find a Registry file that this program cannot
           parse, please enable this option and post the complete output and the Registry hive
           file in your bug report.

       -f filename
           Read commands from "filename" instead of stdin.  To write a hivexsh script, use:

            #!/usr/bin/hivexsh -f

       -w  If this option is given, then writes are allowed to the hive (see "commit" command
           below, and the discussion of modifying hives in "WRITING TO HIVE FILES" in hivex(3)).

           Important Note: Even if you specify this option, nothing is written to a hive unless
           you call the "commit" command.  If you exit the shell without committing, all changes
           will be discarded.

           If this option is not given, then write commands are disabled.


       add name
           Add a subkey named "name" below the current node.  The name may contain spaces and
           punctuation characters, and does not need to be quoted.

           The new key will have no subkeys and no values (see "setval").

           There must be no existing subkey called "name", or this command will fail.  To replace
           an existing subkey, delete it first like this:

            cd name

       cd path
           Change to the subkey "path".  Use Windows-style backslashes to separate path elements,
           and start with a backslash in order to start from the root of the hive.  For example:

            cd \Classes\*

           moves from the root node, to the "Classes" node, to the "*" node.  If you were already
           at the root node, you could do this instead:

            cd Classes\*

           or even:

            cd Classes
            cd *

           Path elements (node names) are matched case insensitively, and characters like space,
           "*", and "?" have no special significance.

           "cd .." may be used to go to the parent directory.

           "cd" without any arguments prints the current path.

           Be careful with "cd \" since the readline library has an undocumented behaviour where
           it will think the final backslash is a continuation (it reads the next line of input
           and appends it).  Put a single space after the backslash.

       close | unload
           Close the currently loaded hive.

           If you modified the hive, all uncommitted writes are lost when you call this command
           (or if the shell exits).  You have to call "commit" to write changes.

       commit [newfile]
           Commit changes to the hive.  If the optional "newfile" parameter is supplied, then the
           hive is written to that file, else the original file is overwritten.

           Note that you have to specify the "-w" flag, otherwise no writes are allowed.

       del Delete the current node and everything beneath it.  The current directory is moved up
           one level (as if you did "cd ..") after this command.

           You cannot delete the root node.

       exit | quit
           Exit the shell.

       load hivefile
           Load the binary hive named "hivefile".  The currently loaded hive, if any, is closed.
           The current directory is changed back to the root node.

       ls  List the subkeys of the current hive Registry key.  Note this command does not take
           any arguments.

       lsval [key]
           List the (key, value) pairs of the current hive Registry key.  If no argument is given
           then all pairs are displayed.  If "key" is given, then the value of the named key is
           displayed.  If "@" is given, then the value of the default key is displayed.

       setval nrvals
           This command replaces all (key, value) pairs at the current node with the values in
           subsequent input.  "nrvals" is the number of values (ie. (key, value) pairs), and any
           existing values at this node are deleted.  So "setval 0" just deletes any values at
           the current node.

           The command reads 2 * nrvals lines of input, with each pair of lines of input
           corresponding to a key and a value to add.

           For example, the following setval command replaces whatever is at the current node
           with two (key, value) pairs.  The default key is set to the UTF16-LE-encoded string
           "abcd".  The other value is named "ANumber" and is a little-endian DWORD 0x12345678.

            setval 2

           The first line of each pair is the key (the special key "@" means the default key, but
           you can also use a blank line).

           The second line of each pair is the value, which has a special format "type:value"
           with possible types summarized in the table below:

            none                 No data is stored, and the type is set to 0.

            string:abc           "abc" is stored as a UTF16-LE-encoded
                                 string (type 1).  Note that only 7 bit
                                 ASCII strings are supported as input.

            expandstring:...     Same as string but with type 2.

            dword:0x01234567     A DWORD (type 4) with the hex value
                                 0x01234567.  You can also use decimal
                                 or octal numbers here.

                                 A QWORD (type 11) with the hex value
                                 0x0123456789abcdef.  You can also use
                                 decimal or octal numbers here.

                                 This is the generic way to enter any
                                 value.  <type> is the integer value type.
                                 <hexbytes> is a list of pairs of hex
                                 digits which are treated as bytes.
                                 (Any non-hex-digits here are ignored,
                                 so you can separate bytes with commas
                                 or spaces if you want).


        $ guestfish --ro -i Windows7
        ><fs> download win:c:\windows\system32\config\software software
        ><fs> quit

        $ hivexsh software

        Welcome to hivexsh, the hivex interactive shell for examining
        Windows Registry binary hive files.

        Type: 'help' for help with commands
              'quit' to quit the shell

        software\> ls
        ATI Technologies
        software\> quit


       hivex(3), hivexget(1), hivexml(1), virt-win-reg(1), guestfs(3), <>,
       virt-cat(1), virt-edit(1).


       Richard W.M. Jones ("rjones at redhat dot com")


       Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Red Hat Inc.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.