Provided by: lzma_9.22-2ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       lzma, unlzma, lzcat - LZMA compression and decompression tool


       lzma [-123456789cdefhkLqtvV] [-S suffix] [filenames ...]
       unlzma [-cfhkLqtvV] [-S suffix] [filenames ...]
       lzcat [-fhLqV] [filenames ...]


       LZMA (Lempel-Ziv-Markov chain-Algorithm) is an improved version of famous LZ77 compression
       algorithm. It was improved in way of maximum increasing of compression ratio, keeping high
       decompression speed and low memory requirements for decompressing.

       lzma  command line tool has a similar interface to gzip(1) and bzip2(1) and is intended to
       make use of LZMA compression easy for the users who are already  familiar  with  gzip  and

       In  this manual lzma is compared mostly to bzip2 because that is currently one of the most
       widely used free software to compress tar files made for distribution.  Comparing lzma  to
       gzip  is not practical because neither lzma nor bzip2 can compete with gzip in compression
       speed. On the other hand the compression ratio of gzip is worse than of lzma and bzip2.

       lzma provides notably better compression ratio than bzip2  especially  with  files  having
       other  than plain text content. The other advantage of lzma is fast decompression which is
       many times quicker than bzip2. The  major  disadvantage  is  that  achieving  the  highest
       compression  ratios  requires extensive amount of system resources, both CPU time and RAM.
       Also software to handle LZMA  compressed  files  is  not  installed  by  default  on  most

       When  compressing  or  decompressing  with lzma, the new file will have the same ownership
       information, permissions and timestamps as the original file. However the this information
       is not stored into the compressed file like gzip does.


       LZMA  files  can  be  either streamed or non-streamed. Non-streamed files are created only
       when the size of the file being compressed is known.  In  practice  this  means  that  the
       source file must be a regular file. In other words, if compressing from the standard input
       or from a named pipe (fifo) the compressed file will always be streamed.

       Both streamed and non-streamed files are compressed identically; the only differences  are
       found  from  the  beginnings and ends of LZMA compressed files: Non-streamed files contain
       the uncompressed  size  of  the  file  in  the  LZMA  file  header;  streamed  files  have
       uncompressed size marked as unknown. To know where to stop decoding, streamed files have a
       special End Of Stream marker at the end of the LZMA file. The EOS  marker  makes  streamed
       files five or six bytes bigger than non-streamed.

       So in practice creating non-streamed files has two advantages: 1) the compressed file is a
       few bytes smaller and 2) the  uncompressed  size  of  the  file  can  be  checked  without
       decompressing the file.


       Short options can be grouped like -cd.

       -c --stdout --to-stdout
              The  output  is  written  to  the  standard  output.  The  original  files are kept
              unchanged. When compressing to the standard output there  can  be  only  one  input
              file.  This  option  is  implied  when input is read from the standard input or the
              script is invoked as lzcat.

       -d --decompress --uncompress
              Force decompression regardless of the invocation name. This the default when called
              as unlzma or lzcat.

       -f --force
              Force compression or decompression even if source file is a symlink, target exists,
              or target is a terminal. In contrast to gzip and bzip2, if input  data  is  not  in
              LZMA  format,  --force  does  not make lzma behave like cat.  lzma never prompts if
              target file should be overwritten; existing  files  are  skipped  or,  in  case  of
              --force, overwritten.

       -h --help
              Show a summary of supported options and quit.

       -k --keep
              Do not delete the input files after compression or decompression.

       -L --license
              Show licensing information of lzma.

       -q --quiet
              Suppress  all  warnings. You can still check the exit status to detect if a warning
              had been shown.

       -S --suffix .suf
              Use .suf instead of the default .lzma.  A null suffix forces unlzma  to  decompress
              all the given files regardless of the filename suffix.

       -t --test
              Check  the  integrity  of  the  compressed  file(s). Without --verbose no output is
              produced if no errors are found.

       -v --verbose
              Show the filename and percentage reduction of each processes file.

       -V --version
              Show the version number of lzma.

       -z --compress
              Force compression regardless of the invocation name.

       -1 .. -9
              Set the compression ratio. These options have no effect when decompressing.

       --fast Alias to -1.

       --best Alias to -9.


       Exit status:
       0 - Everything OK.
       1 - An error occurred.
       2 - Something worth a warning happened but no errors.

       It can be especially useful with tar(1) patched to support LZMA compression.


       The LZMA algorithm and the implementation used in LZMA utils was developed by Igor Pavlov.
       The   original   code   is   available   in   LZMA   SDK   which   can   be   found   from .

       lzma command line tool was written by Ville Koskinen.

       This manual page is inspired by manual pages of gzip and bzip2.


       gzip(1), bzip2(1)