Provided by: lzop_1.03-3.2_amd64 bug


       lzop - compress or expand files


       lzop is a file compressor very similar to gzip.  lzop favors speed over compression ratio.


       lzop [ command ] [ options ] [ filename ...  ]

       lzop [-dxlthIVL19] [-qvcfFnNPkU] [-o file] [-p[path]] [-S suffix] [filename ...]


       lzop reduces the size of the named files. Whenever possible, each file is compressed into
       one with the extension .lzo, while keeping the same ownership modes, access and
       modification times. If no files are specified, or if a file name is "-", lzop tries to
       compress the standard input to the standard output. lzop will only attempt to compress
       regular files or symbolic links to regular files.  In particular, it will ignore

       If the compressed file name is too long for its file system, lzop truncates it.

       Compressed files can be restored to their original form using lzop -d.  lzop -d takes a
       list of files on its command line and decompresses each file whose name ends with .lzo and
       which begins with the correct magic number to an uncompressed file without the original
       extension. lzop -d also recognizes the special extension .tzo as shorthand for .tar.lzo.
       When compressing, lzop uses the .tzo extension if necessary instead of truncating a file
       with a .tar extension.

       lzop stores the original file name, mode and time stamp in the compressed file. These can
       be used when decompressing the file with the -d option. This is useful when the compressed
       file name was truncated or when the time stamp was not preserved after a file transfer.

       lzop preserves the ownership, mode and time stamp of files when compressing. When
       decompressing lzop restores the mode and time stamp if present in the compressed files.
       See the options -n, -N, --no-mode and --no-time for more information.

       lzop always keeps original files unchanged unless you use the option -U.

       lzop uses the LZO data compression library for compression services. The amount of
       compression obtained depends on the size of the input and the distribution of common
       substrings.  Typically, text such as source code or English is compressed into 40-50% of
       the original size, and large files usually compress much better than small ones.
       Compression and decompression speed is generally much faster than that achieved by gzip,
       but compression ratio is worse.

       lzop offers the following compression levels of the LZO1X algorithm:

       -3  the default level offers pretty fast compression.  -2, -3, -4, -5 and -6 are currently
           all equivalent - this may change in a future release.

       -1, --fast
           can be even a little bit faster in some cases - but most times you won't notice the

       -7, -8, -9, --best
           these compression levels are mainly intended for generating pre-compressed data -
           especially -9 can be somewhat slow

       Decompression is very fast for all compression levels, and decompression speed is not
       affected by the compression level.


       If no other command is given then lzop defaults to compression (using compression level

       -#, --fast, --best
           Regulate the speed of compression using the specified digit #, where -1 or --fast
           indicates the fastest compression method (less compression) and -9 or --best indicates
           the slowest compression method (best compression). The default compression level is

       -d, --decompress, --uncompress
           Decompress. Each file will be placed into same the directory as the compressed file.

       -x, --extract
           Extract compressed files to the current working directory. This is the same as '-dPp'.

       -t, --test
           Test. Check the compressed file integrity.

       -l, --list
           For each compressed file, list the following fields:

             method: compression method
             compressed: size of the compressed file
             uncompr.: size of the uncompressed file
             ratio: compression ratio
             uncompressed_name: name of the uncompressed file

           In combination with the --verbose option, the following fields are also displayed:

             date & time: time stamp for the uncompressed file

           With --name, the uncompressed name, date and time are those stored within the compress
           file if present.

           With --verbose, the size totals and compression ratio for all files is also displayed.
           With --quiet, the title and totals lines are not displayed.

           Note that lzop defines compression ratio as compressed_size / uncompressed_size.

       --ls, --ls=FLAGS
           List each compressed file in a format similar to ls -ln.

           The following flags are currently honoured:
             F  Append a '*' for executable files.
             G  Inhibit display of group information.
             Q  Enclose file names in double quotes.

           For each compressed file, list the internal header fields.

       -I, --sysinfo
           Display information about the system and quit.

       -L, --license
           Display the lzop license and quit.

       -h, -H, --help
           Display a help screen and quit.

       -V  Version. Display the version number and compilation options and quit.

           Version. Display the version number and quit.


       -c, --stdout, --to-stdout
           Write output on standard output. If there are several input files, the output consists
           of a sequence of independently (de)compressed members. To obtain better compression,
           concatenate all input files before compressing them.

       -o FILE, --output=FILE
           Write output to the file FILE. If there are several input files, the output consists
           of a sequence of independently (de)compressed members.

       -p, -pDIR, --path=DIR
           Write output files into the directory DIR instead of the directory determined by the
           input file. If DIR is omitted, then write to the current working directory.

       -f, --force
           Force lzop to

            - overwrite existing files
            - (de-)compress from stdin even if it seems a terminal
            - (de-)compress to stdout even if it seems a terminal
            - allow option -c in combination with -U

           Using -f two or more times forces things like

            - compress files that already have a .lzo suffix
            - try to decompress files that do not have a valid suffix
            - try to handle compressed files with unknown header flags

           Use with care.

       -F, --no-checksum
           Do not store or verify a checksum of the uncompressed file when compressing or
           decompressing.  This speeds up the operation of lzop a little bit (especially when
           decompressing), but as unnoticed data corruption can happen in case of damaged
           compressed files the usage of this option is not generally recommended.  Also, a
           checksum is always stored when compressing with one of the slow compression levels
           (-7, -8 or -9), regardless of this option.

       -n, --no-name
           When decompressing, do not restore the original file name if present (remove only the
           lzop suffix from the compressed file name). This option is the default under UNIX.

       -N, --name
           When decompressing, restore the original file name if present. This option is useful
           on systems which have a limit on file name length. If the original name saved in the
           compressed file is not suitable for its file system, a new name is constructed from
           the original one to make it legal.  This option is the default under DOS, Windows and

       -P  When decompressing, restore the original path and file name if present.  When
           compressing, store the relative (and cleaned) path name.  This option is mainly useful
           when using archive mode - see usage examples below.

           When decompressing, do not restore the original mode (permissions) saved in the
           compressed file.

           When decompressing, do not restore the original time stamp saved in the compressed

       -S .suf, --suffix=.suf
           Use suffix .suf instead of .lzo. The suffix must not contain multiple dots and special
           characters like '+' or '*', and suffixes other than .lzo should be avoided to avoid
           confusion when files are transferred to other systems.

       -k, --keep
           Do not delete input files. This is the default.

       -U, --unlink, --delete
           Delete input files after succesfull compression or decompression. Use this option to
           make lzop behave like gzip and bzip2.  Note that explicitly giving -k overrides -U.

           Use a crc32 checksum instead of a adler32 checksum.

           Suppress all warnings.

           Suppress all warnings, and never exit with exit status 2.

       -q, --quiet, --silent
           Suppress all warnings and decrease the verbosity of some commands like --list or

       -v, --verbose
           Verbose. Display the name for each file compressed or decompressed. Multiple -v can be
           used to increase the verbosity of some commands like --list or --test.

       --  Specifies that this is the end of the options. Any file name after -- will not be
           interpreted as an option even if it starts with a hyphen.


           Do not try to read standard input (but a file name "-" will still override this
           option).  In old versions of lzop, this option was necessary when used in cron jobs
           (which do not have a controlling terminal).

           Rarely useful.  Preprocess data with a special "multimedia" filter before compressing
           in order to improve compression ratio.  NUMBER must be a decimal number from 1 to 16,
           inclusive.  Using a filter slows down both compression and decompression quite a bit,
           and the compression ratio usually doesn't improve much either...  More effective
           filters may be added in the future, though.

           You can try --filter=1 with data like 8-bit sound samples, --filter=2 with 16-bit
           samples or depth-16 images, etc.

           Un-filtering during decompression is handled automatically.

       -C, --checksum
           Deprecated. Only for compatibility with very old versions as lzop now uses a checksum
           by default. This option will get removed in a future release.

           Do not use any color escape sequences.

           Assume a mono ANSI terminal. This is the default under UNIX (if console support is
           compiled in).

           Assume a color ANSI terminal or try full-screen access. This is the default under DOS
           and in a Linux virtual console (if console support is compiled in).


       lzop allows you to deal with your files in many flexible ways. Here are some usage

       backup mode
          tar --use-compress-program=lzop -cf archive.tar.lzo files..

          This is the recommended mode for creating backups.
          Requires GNU tar or a compatible version which accepts the
          '--use-compress-program=XXX' option.

       single file mode: individually (de)compress each file
           lzop a.c             -> create a.c.lzo
           lzop a.c b.c         -> create a.c.lzo & b.c.lzo
           lzop -U a.c b.c      -> create a.c.lzo & b.c.lzo and delete a.c & b.c
           lzop *.c

           lzop -d a.c.lzo      -> restore a.c
           lzop -df a.c.lzo     -> restore a.c, overwrite if already exists
           lzop -d *.lzo

           lzop -l a.c.lzo
           lzop -l *.lzo
           lzop -lv *.lzo       -> be verbose

           lzop -t a.c.lzo
           lzop -tq *.lzo       -> be quiet

       pipe mode: (de)compress from stdin to stdout
           lzop < a.c > y.lzo
           cat a.c | lzop > y.lzo
           tar -cf - *.c | lzop > y.tar.lzo     -> create a compressed tar file

           lzop -d < y.lzo > a.c
           lzop -d < y.tar.lzo | tar -xvf -     -> extract a tar file

           lzop -l < y.lzo
           cat y.lzo | lzop -l
           lzop -d < y.tar.lzo | tar -tvf -     -> list a tar file

           lzop -t < y.lzo
           cat y.lzo | lzop -t

       stdout mode: (de)compress to stdout
           lzop -c a.c > y.lzo

           lzop -dc y.lzo > a.c
           lzop -dc y.tar.lzo | tar -xvf -      -> extract a tar file

           lzop -dc y.tar.lzo | tar -tvf -      -> list a tar file

       archive mode: compress/extract multiple files into a single archive file
           lzop a.c b.c -o sources.lzo          -> create an archive
           lzop -P src/*.c -o sources.lzo       -> create an archive, store path name
           lzop -c *.c > sources.lzo            -> another way to create an archive
           lzop -c *.h >> sources.lzo           -> add files to archive

           lzop -dN sources.lzo
           lzop -x ../src/sources.lzo           -> extract to current directory
           lzop -x -p/tmp < ../src/sources.lzo  -> extract to /tmp directory

           lzop -lNv sources.lzo

           lzop -t sources.lzo
           lzop -tvv sources.lzo                -> be very verbose

       If you wish to create a single archive file with multiple members so that members can
       later be extracted independently, you should prefer a full-featured archiver such as tar.
       The latest version of GNU tar supports the --use-compress-program=lzop option to invoke
       lzop transparently.  lzop is designed as a complement to tar, not as a replacement.


       The environment variable LZOP can hold a set of default options for lzop. These options
       are interpreted first and can be overwritten by explicit command line parameters.  For

           for sh/ksh/zsh:    LZOP="-1v --name"; export LZOP
           for csh/tcsh:      setenv LZOP "-1v --name"
           for DOS/Windows:   set LZOP=-1v --name

       On Vax/VMS, the name of the environment variable is LZOP_OPT, to avoid a conflict with the
       symbol set for invocation of the program.

       Not all of the options are valid in the environment variable - lzop will tell you.


       bzip2(1), gzip(1), tar(1)

       Precompiled binaries for some platforms are available from the lzop home page.


       lzop uses the LZO data compression library for compression services.



       Exit status is normally 0; if an error occurs, exit status is 1. If a warning occurs, exit
       status is 2 (unless option --ignore-warn is in effect).

       lzop's diagnostics are intended to be self-explanatory.


       No bugs are known. Please report all problems immediately to the author.


       Markus Franz Xaver Johannes Oberhumer <>


       lzop and the LZO library are Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
       2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 by Markus Franz Xaver Johannes Oberhumer.  All
       Rights Reserved.

       lzop and the LZO library are distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License

       Legal info: If want to integrate lzop into your commercial (backup-)system please
       carefully read the GNU GPL FAQ at about possible