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       encrypt, setkey, encrypt_r, setkey_r - encrypt 64-bit messages


       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE       /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <unistd.h>

       void encrypt(char block[64], int edflag);

       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE       /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <stdlib.h>

       void setkey(const char *key);

       #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <crypt.h>

       void setkey_r(const char *key, struct crypt_data *data);
       void encrypt_r(char *block, int edflag, struct crypt_data *data);

       Each of these requires linking with -lcrypt.


       These  functions  encrypt and decrypt 64-bit messages.  The setkey() function sets the key
       used by encrypt().  The key argument used here is an array of 64 bytes, each of which  has
       numerical value 1 or 0.  The bytes key[n] where n=8*i-1 are ignored, so that the effective
       key length is 56 bits.

       The encrypt() function modifies the passed buffer, encoding if edflag is 0,  and  decoding
       if 1 is being passed.  Like the key argument, also block is a bit vector representation of
       the actual value that is encoded.  The result is returned in that same vector.

       These two functions are not reentrant, that is, the key data is kept  in  static  storage.
       The  functions  setkey_r()  and  encrypt_r()  are  the  reentrant  versions.  They use the
       following structure to hold the key data:

           struct crypt_data {
               char     keysched[16 * 8];
               char     sb0[32768];
               char     sb1[32768];
               char     sb2[32768];
               char     sb3[32768];
               char     crypt_3_buf[14];
               char     current_salt[2];
               long int current_saltbits;
               int      direction;
               int      initialized;

       Before calling setkey_r() set data->initialized to zero.


       These functions do not return any value.


       Set errno to zero before calling the above functions.  On success, it is unchanged.

       ENOSYS The  function  is  not  provided.   (For  example  because  of  former  USA  export


       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       │InterfaceAttributeValue                │
       │encrypt(), setkey()     │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:crypt │
       │encrypt_r(), setkey_r() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe              │


       encrypt(), setkey(): POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SUS, SVr4.

       The functions encrypt_r() and setkey_r() are GNU extensions.


       In glibc 2.2, these functions use the DES algorithm.


       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <crypt.h>

           char key[64];
           char orig[9] = "eggplant";
           char buf[64];
           char txt[9];
           int i, j;

           for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
               key[i] = rand() & 1;

           for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
               for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
                   buf[i * 8 + j] = orig[i] >> j & 1;
           printf("Before encrypting: %s\n", orig);

           encrypt(buf, 0);
           for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
               for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
                   txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
               txt[8] = '\0';
           printf("After encrypting:  %s\n", txt);

           encrypt(buf, 1);
           for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
               for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
                   txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
               txt[8] = '\0';
           printf("After decrypting:  %s\n", txt);


       cbc_crypt(3), crypt(3), ecb_crypt(3),


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                                            2015-08-08                                 ENCRYPT(3)