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     gpiobus — GPIO bus system


     To compile these devices into your kernel and use the device hints, place the following
     lines in your kernel configuration file:

           device gpio
           device gpioc
           device gpioiic
           device gpioled

     Additional device entries for the ARM architecure include:

           device a10_gpio
           device bcm_gpio
           device imx51_gpio
           device lpcgpio
           device mv_gpio
           device ti_gpio
           device gpio_avila
           device gpio_cambria
           device zy7_gpio
           device pxagpio

     Additional device entries for the MIPS architecure include:

           device ar71xxx_gpio
           device octeon_gpio
           device rt305_gpio

     Additional device entries for the POWERPC architecure include:

           device wiigpio
           device macgpio


     The gpiobus system provides a simple interface to the GPIO pins that are usually available
     on embedded architectures and can provide bit banging style devices to the system.

     The acronym GPIO means “General-Purpose Input/Output.”

     The BUS physically consists of multiple pins that can be configured for input/output, IRQ
     delivery, SDA/SCL iicbus use, etc.

     On some embedded architechtures (like MIPS), discovery of the bus and configuration of the
     pins is done via device.hints(5) in the platform's kernel config(5) file.

     On some others (like ARM), where FDT(4) is used to describe the device tree, the bus
     discovery is done via the DTS passed to the kernel, being either statically compiled in, or
     by a variety of ways where the boot loader (or Open Firmware enabled system) passes the DTS
     blob to kernel at boot.

     The following are only provided by the ar71xx_gpio driver.

     hint.gpio.%d.pinmask   This is a bitmask of pins on the gpio board that we would like to
                            expose for use to the host o/s.  To expose pin 0, 4 and 7, use the
                            bitmask of 10010001 converted to the hexadecimal value 0x0091.

     hint.gpio.%d.pinon     This is a bitmask of pins on the gpio board that will be set to ON at
                            host start.  To set pin 2, 5 and 13 to be set ON at boot, use the
                            bitmask of 10000000010010 converted to the hexadecimal value 0x2012.


                            These are a bitmask of pins that will remap a pin to handle a
                            specific function (USB, UART TX/RX, etc) in the Atheros function
                            registers.  This is mainly used to set/clear functions that we need
                            when they are setup or not setup by uBoot.

     Simply put, each pin of the GPIO interface is connected to an input/output of some device in
     a system.


     gpioiic(4), gpioled(4), iicbus(4), gpioctl(8)


     The gpiobus manual page first appeared in FreeBSD 10.0.


     This manual page was written by Sean Bruno <>.