Provided by: slapd_2.4.42+dfsg-2ubuntu3.13_amd64 bug


       slapd.backends - backends for slapd, the stand-alone LDAP daemon


       The  slapd(8)  daemon  can  use a variety of different backends for serving LDAP requests.
       Backends may be compiled statically into slapd, or when module support  is  enabled,  they
       may  be  dynamically  loaded.  Multiple instances of a backend can be configured, to serve
       separate databases from the same slapd server.

       Configuration options for each backend are  documented  separately  in  the  corresponding
       slapd-<backend>(5) manual pages.

       bdb    This  was  the  recommended  primary backend through OpenLDAP 2.3, but it has since
              been superseded by the hdb backend.  It takes care to configure  it  properly.   It
              uses  the  transactional database interface of the Oracle Berkeley DB (BDB) package
              to store data.

       config This backend is used to manage the configuration  of  slapd  at  run-time.   Unlike
              other  backends,  only  a  single instance of the config backend may be defined. It
              also instantiates itself automatically,  so  it  is  always  present  even  if  not
              explicitly defined in the slapd.conf(5) file.

       dnssrv This  backend  is  experimental.   It  serves  up referrals based upon SRV resource
              records held in the Domain Name System.

       hdb    This is the recommended primary backend for a normal  slapd  database.   hdb  is  a
              variant  of  the bdb backend that uses a hierarchical database layout.  This layout
              stores entry DNs more efficiently than  the  bdb  backend,  using  less  space  and
              requiring  less  work  to create, delete, and rename entries. It is also one of the
              few backends to support subtree renames.

       ldap   This backend acts as a proxy to forward incoming requests to another LDAP server.

       ldif   This database uses the filesystem to build the  tree  structure  of  the  database,
              using  plain ascii files to store data.  Its usage should be limited to very simple
              databases, where performance is not  a  requirement.  This  backend  also  supports
              subtree renames.

       mdb    This  will  soon be the recommended primary backend, superseding hdb.  This backend
              uses OpenLDAP's own MDB transactional database library. It is extremely compact and
              extremely  efficient,  delivering  much  higher  performance  than  the Berkeley DB
              backends while using significantly less memory.  Also, unlike Berkeley DB,  MDB  is
              crash  proof,  and  requires  no  special tuning or maintenance.  This backend also
              supports subtree renames.

       meta   This backend performs basic LDAP proxying with respect to  a  set  of  remote  LDAP
              servers. It is an enhancement of the ldap backend.

              This  backend  provides  information  about the running status of the slapd daemon.
              Only a single instance of the monitor backend may be defined.

       ndb    This backend is experimental.  It uses the transactional database interface of  the
              MySQL  Cluster  Engine (NDB) to store data. Note that Oracle, which now owns MySQL,
              has withdrawn support for NDB and this backend is  unlikely  to  be  developed  any

       null   Operations in this backend succeed but do nothing.

       passwd This  backend  is  provided  for  demonstration  purposes  only.  It serves up user
              account information from the system passwd(5) file.

       perl   This backend embeds a perl(1) interpreter into slapd.  It runs Perl subroutines  to
              implement LDAP operations.

       relay  This  backend is experimental.  It redirects LDAP operations to another database in
              the same server, based on the naming context of the request.  Its use requires  the
              rwm  overlay  (see  slapo-rwm(5)  for details) to rewrite the naming context of the
              request.  It is primarily intended to implement virtual  views  on  databases  that
              actually store data.

       shell  This  backend  executes  external  programs  to  implement  LDAP operations.  It is
              primarily intended to be used in prototypes.

       sql    This backend is experimental.  It services LDAP requests from an SQL database.


              default slapd configuration file

              default slapd configuration directory


       ldap(3),  slapd-bdb(5),  slapd-config(5),  slapd-dnssrv(5),  slapd-hdb(5),  slapd-ldap(5),
       slapd-ldif(5), slapd-mdb(5), slapd-meta(5), slapd-monitor(5), slapd-ndb(5), slapd-null(5),
       slapd-passwd(5),    slapd-perl(5),    slapd-relay(5),    slapd-shell(5),     slapd-sql(5),
       slapd.conf(5),    slapd.overlays(5),    slapd(8).     "OpenLDAP   Administrator's   Guide"


       OpenLDAP   Software   is   developed   and   maintained   by    The    OpenLDAP    Project
       <>.  OpenLDAP Software is derived from University of Michigan LDAP
       3.3 Release.