Provided by: anacron_2.3-23_amd64 bug


       anacron - runs commands periodically


       anacron [-s] [-f] [-n] [-d] [-q] [-t anacrontab] [-S spooldir] [job] ...
       anacron [-S spooldir] -u [-t anacrontab] [job] ...
       anacron [-V|-h]
       anacron -T [-t anacrontab]


       Anacron  can be used to execute commands periodically, with a frequency specified in days.
       Unlike cron(8), it does not assume that the machine is running  continuously.   Hence,  it
       can  be used on machines that aren't running 24 hours a day, to control daily, weekly, and
       monthly jobs that are usually controlled by cron.

       When executed,  Anacron  reads  a  list  of  jobs  from  a  configuration  file,  normally
       /etc/anacrontab  (see  anacrontab(5)).   This  file contains the list of jobs that Anacron
       controls.  Each job entry specifies a period in days, a delay in  minutes,  a  unique  job
       identifier, and a shell command.

       For  each job, Anacron checks whether this job has been executed in the last n days, where
       n is the period specified for that job.  If not, Anacron runs  the  job's  shell  command,
       after waiting for the number of minutes specified as the delay parameter.

       After  the  command  exits,  Anacron records the date in a special timestamp file for that
       job, so it can know when to execute it  again.   Only  the  date  is  used  for  the  time
       calculations.  The hour is not used.

       When there are no more jobs to be run, Anacron exits.

       Anacron  only  considers jobs whose identifier, as specified in the anacrontab matches any
       of the job command-line arguments.  The job arguments can be shell wildcard  patterns  (be
       sure to protect them from your shell with adequate quoting).  Specifying no job arguments,
       is equivalent to specifying "*"  (That is, all jobs will be considered).

       Unless the -d option is given (see below), Anacron forks to the background when it starts,
       and the parent process exits immediately.

       Unless the -s or -n options are given, Anacron starts jobs immediately when their delay is
       over.  The execution of different jobs is completely independent.

       If a job generates any output on its standard output or  standard  error,  the  output  is
       mailed  to  the  user  running  Anacron (usually root), or to the address contained by the
       MAILTO environment variable in the crontab, if such exists.

       Informative messages about what Anacron is doing are sent  to  syslogd(8)  under  facility
       cron, priority notice.  Error messages are sent at priority error.

       "Active"  jobs (i.e. jobs that Anacron already decided to run and now wait for their delay
       to pass, and jobs that are currently being executed by Anacron),  are  "locked",  so  that
       other copies of Anacron won't run them at the same time.


       -f     Force execution of the jobs, ignoring the timestamps.

       -u     Only  update  the  timestamps  of  the  jobs,  to  the  current date, but don't run

       -s     Serialize execution of jobs.  Anacron will not start a new job before the  previous
              one finished.

       -n     Run  jobs  now.  Ignore the delay specifications in the /etc/anacrontab file.  This
              options implies -s.

       -d     Don't fork to the background.  In this  mode,  Anacron  will  output  informational
              messages  to standard error, as well as to syslog.  The output of jobs is mailed as

       -q     Suppress messages to standard error.  Only applicable with -d.

       -t anacrontab
              Use specified anacrontab, rather than the default

       -T     Anacrontab testing. The configuration file will be tested for validity. If there is
              an  error  in  the  file,  an  error will be shown and anacron will return 1. Valid
              anacrontabs will return 0.

       -S spooldir
              Use the specified spooldir to store timestamps in.  This  option  is  required  for
              users who wish to run anacron themselves.

       -V     Print version information, and exit.

       -h     Print short usage message, and exit.


       After  receiving  a  SIGUSR1 signal, Anacron waits for running jobs, if any, to finish and
       then exits.  This can be used to stop Anacron cleanly.


       Make sure that the time-zone is set correctly before Anacron is started.   (The  time-zone
       affects  the  date).  This is usually accomplished by setting the TZ environment variable,
       or by installing a /usr/lib/zoneinfo/localtime file.  See tzset(3) for more information.

       Timestamp files are created in the spool directory for each job in anacrontab.  These  are
       never  removed  automatically  by  anacron,  and  should be removed by hand if a job is no
       longer being scheduled.


              Contains specifications of jobs.  See anacrontab(5) for a complete description.

              This directory is used by Anacron for storing timestamp files.


       anacrontab(5), cron(8), tzset(3)

       The Anacron README file.


       Anacron never removes timestamp files.  Remove unused files manually.

       Anacron uses up to two  file  descriptors  for  each  active  job.   It  may  run  out  of
       descriptors if there are more than about 125 active jobs (on normal kernels).

       Mail    comments,    suggestions    and    bug    reports    to    Sean   'Shaleh'   Perry


       Anacron   was   originally   conceived    and    implemented    by    Christian    Schwarz

       The current implementation is a complete rewrite by Itai Tzur <>.

       The code base was maintained by Sean 'Shaleh' Perry <shaleh@(|>.

       Since 2004, it is maintained by Pascal Hakim <pasc@(|>.