Provided by: libnss-myhostname_229-4ubuntu4_amd64 bug


       nss-myhostname, - Provide hostname resolution for the locally
       configured system hostname.



       nss-myhostname is a plugin for the GNU Name Service Switch (NSS) functionality of the GNU
       C Library (glibc), primarily providing hostname resolution for the locally configured
       system hostname as returned by gethostname(2). The precise hostnames resolved by this
       module are:

       •   The local, configured hostname is resolved to all locally configured IP addresses
           ordered by their scope, or — if none are configured — the IPv4 address
           (which is on the local loopback) and the IPv6 address ::1 (which is the local host).

       •   The hostname "localhost" (as well as any hostname ending in ".localhost",
           ".localdomain" or equal to "localdomain") is resolved to the IP addresses
           and ::1.

       •   The hostname "gateway" is resolved to all current default routing gateway addresses,
           ordered by their metric. This assigns a stable hostname to the current gateway, useful
           for referencing it independently of the current network configuration state.

       Various software relies on an always-resolvable local hostname. When using dynamic
       hostnames, this is traditionally achieved by patching /etc/hosts at the same time as
       changing the hostname. This is problematic since it requires a writable /etc file system
       and is fragile because the file might be edited by the administrator at the same time.
       With nss-myhostname enabled, changing /etc/hosts is unnecessary, and on many systems, the
       file becomes entirely optional.

       To activate the NSS modules, "myhostname" has to be added to the line starting with
       "hosts:" in /etc/nsswitch.conf.

       It is recommended to place "myhostname" last in the nsswitch.conf line to make sure that
       this mapping is only used as fallback, and that any DNS or /etc/hosts based mapping takes


       Here is an example /etc/nsswitch.conf file that enables myhostname correctly:

           passwd:         compat mymachines
           group:          compat mymachines
           shadow:         compat

           hosts:          files resolve mymachines myhostname
           networks:       files

           protocols:      db files
           services:       db files
           ethers:         db files
           rpc:            db files

           netgroup:       nis

       To test, use glibc's getent tool:

           $ getent ahosts `hostname`
           ::1       STREAM omega
           ::1       DGRAM
           ::1       RAW

       In this case, the local hostname is omega.


       systemd(1), nss-resolve(8), nss-mymachines(8), nsswitch.conf(5), getent(1)