Provided by: libguestfs-tools_1.32.2-4ubuntu2_amd64 bug

НАЗВА

       virt-win-reg - Export and merge Windows Registry entries from a Windows guest

КОРОТКИЙ ОПИС

        virt-win-reg domname 'HKLM\Path\To\Subkey'

        virt-win-reg domname 'HKLM\Path\To\Subkey' name

        virt-win-reg domname 'HKLM\Path\To\Subkey' @

        virt-win-reg --merge domname [input.reg ...]

        virt-win-reg [--options] disk.img ... # instead of domname

ПОПЕРЕДЖЕННЯ

       You must not use "virt-win-reg" with the --merge option on live virtual machines.  If you
       do this, you will get irreversible disk corruption in the VM.  "virt-win-reg" tries to
       stop you from doing this, but doesn't catch all cases.

       Modifying the Windows Registry is an inherently risky operation.  The format is
       deliberately obscure and undocumented, and Registry changes can leave the system
       unbootable.  Therefore when using the --merge option, make sure you have a reliable backup
       first.

ОПИС

       This program can export and merge Windows Registry entries from a Windows guest.

       The first parameter is the libvirt guest name or the raw disk image of a Windows guest.

       If --merge is not specified, then the chosen registry key is displayed/exported
       (recursively).  For example:

        $ virt-win-reg Windows7 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft'

       You can also display single values from within registry keys, for example:

        $ cvkey='HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion'
        $ virt-win-reg Windows7 $cvkey ProductName
        Windows 7 Enterprise

       With --merge, you can merge a textual regedit file into the Windows Registry:

        $ virt-win-reg --merge Windows7 changes.reg

   ПРИМІТКА
       This program is only meant for simple access to the registry.  If you want to do
       complicated things with the registry, we suggest you download the Registry hive files from
       the guest using libguestfs(3) or guestfish(1) and access them locally, eg. using hivex(3),
       hivexsh(1) or hivexregedit(1).

ПАРАМЕТРИ

       --help
           Показати коротку довідку.

       --version
           Показати дані щодо версії і завершити роботу.

       --debug
           Увімкнути показ діагностичних повідомлень.

       -c адреса
       --connect адреса
           Якщо використовується libvirt, встановити з’єднання з вказаним URI. Якщо пропущено,
           з’єднання буде встановлено з типовим гіпервізором libvirt.

           Якщо вказати блокові пристрої гостьових систем безпосередньо, libvirt не буде
           використовуватися взагалі.

       --format raw
           Specify the format of disk images given on the command line.  If this is omitted then
           the format is autodetected from the content of the disk image.

           If disk images are requested from libvirt, then this program asks libvirt for this
           information.  In this case, the value of the format parameter is ignored.

           If working with untrusted raw-format guest disk images, you should ensure the format
           is always specified.

       --merge
           In merge mode, this merges a textual regedit file into the Windows Registry of the
           virtual machine.  If this flag is not given then virt-win-reg displays or exports
           Registry entries instead.

           Note that --merge is unsafe to use on live virtual machines, and will result in disk
           corruption.  However exporting (without this flag)  is always safe.

       --encoding UTF-16LE|ASCII
           When merging (only), you may need to specify the encoding for strings to be used in
           the hive file.  This is explained in detail in "ENCODING STRINGS" in
           Win::Hivex::Regedit(3).

           The default is to use UTF-16LE, which should work with recent versions of Windows.

       --unsafe-printable-strings
           When exporting (only), assume strings are UTF-16LE and print them as strings instead
           of hex sequences.  Remove the final zero codepoint from strings if present.

           This is unsafe and does not preserve the fidelity of strings in the original Registry
           for various reasons:

           ·   Assumes the original encoding is UTF-16LE.  ASCII strings and strings in other
               encodings will be corrupted by this transformation.

           ·   Assumes that everything which has type 1 or 2 is really a string and that
               everything else is not a string, but the type field in real Registries is not
               reliable.

           ·   Loses information about whether a zero codepoint followed the string in the
               Registry or not.

           This all happens because the Registry itself contains no information about how strings
           are encoded (see "ENCODING STRINGS" in Win::Hivex::Regedit(3)).

           You should only use this option for quick hacking and debugging of the Registry
           contents, and never use it if the output is going to be passed into another program or
           stored in another Registry.

ПІДТРИМУВАНІ СИСТЕМИ

       The program currently supports Windows NT-derived guests starting with Windows XP through
       to at least Windows 8.

       The following Registry keys are supported:

       "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAM"
       "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SECURITY"
       "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE"
       "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM"
       "HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT"
       "HKEY_USERS\SID"
           where SID is a Windows User SID (eg. "S-1-5-18").

       "HKEY_USERS\користувач"
           where username is a local user name (this is a libguestfs extension).

       You can use "HKLM" as a shorthand for "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE", and "HKU" for "HKEY_USERS".

       The literal keys "HKEY_USERS\$SID" and "HKEY_CURRENT_USER" are not supported (there is no
       "current user").

   WINDOWS 8
       Windows 8 "fast startup" can prevent virt-win-reg from being able to edit the Registry.
       See "WINDOWS HIBERNATION AND WINDOWS 8 FAST STARTUP" in guestfs(3).

КОДУВАННЯ

       "virt-win-reg" expects that regedit files have already been reencoded in the local
       encoding.  Usually on Linux hosts, this means UTF-8 with Unix-style line endings.  Since
       Windows regedit files are often in UTF-16LE with Windows-style line endings, you may need
       to reencode the whole file before or after processing.

       To reencode a file from Windows format to Linux (before processing it with the --merge
       option), you would do something like this:

        iconv -f utf-16le -t utf-8 < win.reg | dos2unix > linux.reg

       To go in the opposite direction, after exporting and before sending the file to a Windows
       user, do something like this:

        unix2dos linux.reg | iconv -f utf-8 -t utf-16le > win.reg

       For more information about encoding, see Win::Hivex::Regedit(3).

       If you are unsure about the current encoding, use the file(1) command.  Recent versions of
       Windows regedit.exe produce a UTF-16LE file with Windows-style (CRLF) line endings, like
       this:

        $ file software.reg
        software.reg: Little-endian UTF-16 Unicode text, with very long lines,
        with CRLF line terminators

       This file would need conversion before you could --merge it.

CurrentControlSet тощо.

       Registry keys like "CurrentControlSet" don't really exist in the Windows Registry at the
       level of the hive file, and therefore you cannot modify these.

       "CurrentControlSet" is usually an alias for "ControlSet001".  In some circumstances it
       might refer to another control set.  The way to find out is to look at the
       "HKLM\SYSTEM\Select" key:

        # virt-win-reg WindowsGuest 'HKLM\SYSTEM\Select'
        [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Select]
        "Current"=dword:00000001
        "Default"=dword:00000001
        "Failed"=dword:00000000
        "LastKnownGood"=dword:00000002

       "Current" is the one which Windows will choose when it boots.

       Similarly, other "Current..." keys in the path may need to be replaced.

ВИЛУЧЕННЯ КЛЮЧІВ ТА ЗНАЧЕНЬ РЕЄСТРУ

       To delete a whole registry key, use the syntax:

        [-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Foo]

       To delete a single value within a key, use the syntax:

        [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Foo]
        "Value"=-

ПІДКАЗКИ ЩОДО WINDOWS

       Note that some of these tips modify the guest disk image.  The guest must be shut off,
       else you will get disk corruption.

   RUNNING A BATCH SCRIPT WHEN A USER LOGS IN
       Prepare a DOS batch script, VBScript or executable.  Upload this using guestfish(1).  For
       this example the script is called "test.bat" and it is uploaded into "C:\":

        guestfish -i -d WindowsGuest upload test.bat /test.bat

       Prepare a regedit file containing the registry change:

        cat > test.reg <<'EOF'
        [HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce]
        "Test"="c:\\test.bat"
        EOF

       In this example we use the key "RunOnce" which means that the script will run precisely
       once when the first user logs in.  If you want it to run every time a user logs in,
       replace "RunOnce" with "Run".

       Оновіть регістр:

        virt-win-reg --merge WindowsGuest test.reg

   ВСТАНОВЛЕННЯ СЛУЖБИ
       This section assumes you are familiar with Windows services, and you either have a program
       which handles the Windows Service Control Protocol directly or you want to run any program
       using a service wrapper like SrvAny or the free RHSrvAny.

       First upload the program and optionally the service wrapper.  In this case the test
       program is called "test.exe" and we are using the RHSrvAny wrapper:

        guestfish -i -d WindowsGuest <<EOF
          upload rhsrvany.exe /rhsrvany.exe
          upload test.exe /test.exe
        EOF

       Prepare a regedit file containing the registry changes.  In this example, the first
       registry change is needed for the service itself or the service wrapper (if used).  The
       second registry change is only needed because I am using the RHSrvAny service wrapper.

        cat > service.reg <<'EOF'
        [HKLM\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\services\RHSrvAny]
        "Type"=dword:00000010
        "Start"=dword:00000002
        "ErrorControl"=dword:00000001
        "ImagePath"="c:\\rhsrvany.exe"
        "DisplayName"="RHSrvAny"
        "ObjectName"="NetworkService"

        [HKLM\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\services\RHSrvAny\Parameters]
        "CommandLine"="c:\\test.exe"
        "PWD"="c:\\Temp"
        EOF

       Нотатки:

       ·   For use of "ControlSet001" see the section above in this manual page.  You may need to
           adjust this according to the control set that is in use by the guest.

       ·   "ObjectName" controls the privileges that the service will have.  An alternative is
           "ObjectName"="LocalSystem" which would be the most privileged account.

       ·   For the meaning of the magic numbers, see this Microsoft KB article:
           http://support.microsoft.com/kb/103000.

       Оновіть регістр:

        virt-win-reg --merge WindowsGuest service.reg

ЕКРАНУВАННЯ СИМВОЛІВ У ОБОЛОНЦІ

       Be careful when passing parameters containing "\" (backslash) in the shell.  Usually you
       will have to use 'single quotes' or double backslashes (but not both) to protect them from
       the shell.

       Paths and value names are case-insensitive.

ТАКОЖ ПЕРЕГЛЯНЬТЕ

       hivex(3), hivexsh(1), hivexregedit(1), guestfs(3), guestfish(1), virt-cat(1),
       Sys::Guestfs(3), Win::Hivex(3), Win::Hivex::Regedit(3), Sys::Virt(3),
       http://libguestfs.org/.

АВТОР

       Richard W.M. Jones http://people.redhat.com/~rjones/

АВТОРСЬКІ ПРАВА

       ©Red Hat Inc., 2010

LICENSE

BUGS

       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       ·   The version of libguestfs.

       ·   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       ·   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       ·   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
           report.