Provided by: gnuspool_1.7ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       gspl-uchange - update or change user permissions


       gspl-uchange [ -options ] [ users ]


       gspl-uchange may be used to update the user permissions file giving the user profiles of
       various users and the operations which they may be permitted to perform within the
       GNUspool system, together with the default permissions which are assigned by default to
       new GNUspool users.

       Further options allow for a "password dump" file to be maintained. This is for the benefit
       of NIS-type environments where reading through most of the password database can take an
       unacceptably long time, the user name and userid hash table is maintained in a file and
       updated as necessary.

       The invoking user must have edit admin file permission.


       Note that the order of treatment, letters and keywords described below may be modified by
       editing the file - see spsyntax(5).  The environment variable on which options
       are supplied is "GSPL-UCHANGE" and the environment variable to specify the help file is

       -? or +explain
           causes a summary of the other options to be displayed without taking further action.

       -A or +copy-defaults
           copy the default profile to all users before setting other permissions on the named
           users (with the -u option) or after setting the defaults (with the -D option).

           The privileges of the invoking user are not changed by this operation.

       -c classcode or +class classcode
           set the class code of the user(s) as specified by the argument.

       -D or +set-defaults
           indicate that the other options are to apply to the default profile for new users.

       -d num or +default-priority num
           set the default job priority to num, which must be between 1 and 255.

       -F pattern or +form-allowed pattern
           set the permitted form types to match pattern.

       -f formtype or +default-form formtype
           set the default form type to formtype.

       -l num or +min-priority num
           set the minimum job priority to num, which must be between 1 and 255.

       -m num or +max-priority num
           set the maximum job priority to num, which must be between 1 and 255.

       -N or +no-rebuild
           cancel the -R option.

       -n num or +max-copies num
           set the maximum number of copies to num, which must be between 1 and 255.

       -O pattern or +ptr-allowed pattern
           set the permitted printers to match pattern.

       -o printer or +default-ptr printer
           set the default printer to printer.

       -p privileges or +privileges privileges
           set the privileges of the user(s) as specified by the argument.

       -R or +rebuild-file
           rebuild the user permissions file spufile0 incorporating any changes in the password

       -s or +no-copy-defaults
           cancel the effect of the -A option

       -u or +set-users
           indicate that the other options are to apply to the users specified on the rest of the
           command line.

       -X or +dump-passwd
           dump out the hash table of the password file to avoid re-reading the password file
           within the other programs.

       -Y or +default-passwd
           default handling of password hash file dump - rebuild if it is already present and -R
           specified, otherwise not.

       -Z or +kill-dump-passwd
           delete any existing dumped password hash file.

           Save all the current options in a .gnuspool file in the current directory.

           Save all the current options in a .gnuspool file in the user's home directory.

Users or default

       In one operation gspl-uchange either adjusts the default permissions, to be applied to new
       users, if -D is specified, or specified users, if nothing or -u is specified. So first set
       the required defaults:

               gspl-uchange -D -n 20 -p Form,Prinq,Hgo,Cdef -A

       Then set named users

               gspl-uchange -p ALL jmc root spooler

Rebuilding the user control file

       After adding new users to the system, you should rebuild the user control file by running

               gspl-uchange -R

       On a system with a large number of users, this can take a long time, so the previous
       method of adding new users as they were encountered meant that various hold-ups occurred
       in standard utilities or the scheduler, whichever was the first to "notice" the changes,
       which might, in the event, be half-complete.

       We suggest that this command be added to the "add new user" procedure for your

Dumping the password file

       When any of the GNUspool programs which may require to map numeric user ids to names and
       vice versa start, one of the first operations is to build the appropriate hash tables.
       This may take some time if there are a large number of user names, especially if NIS
       (a.k.a. yellow pages) is in use.

       A short cut is to dump out the password file into a hash table file, by default pwdump0,
       which may be quickly read in by the relevant programs instead of rebuilding the hash table
       each time.

       You may opt to create the dumped password file by running

               gspl-uchange -X

       This should only be done when all GNUspool programs are stopped.

       Afterwards, each time the user control file is rebuilt using the -R option (or equivalents
       in other programs such as gspl-user(1)), this file will also be rebuilt. -X does not have
       to be specified again.

       If you ever decide you want to dispense with this file, run gspl-uchange with the -Z

       For completeness, the -Y option is provided to cancel -X or -Z in case they are provided
       in the environment or a .gnuspool file, an extremely bad idea.

       The following may be specified as the argument to -p, as one or more (comma-separated) of
       the following codes, optionally preceded by a minus to turn off the corresponding
       privilege. These codes are the same as those displayed by gspl-ulist(1).

       Gspl-uchange disregards the case of the codes entered.

       Adm     edit admin file

       Stp     stop scheduler

       Form    select forms other than restriction pattern

       Otherp  select printers other than restriction pattern

       Cpri    change priority once queued

       Otherj  edit other users' jobs.

       Prinq   select printer list

       Hgo     stop and start printers

       Anyp    select any priority once queued

       Cdef    change own default priority within range

       Addp    add and delete printers

       Cover   override class

       Unq     unqueue jobs

       Votj    view (but not change) other users' jobs

       Remj    access remote jobs

       Remp    access remote printers

       Accessj access non-displayed job attributes

       Freeze  freeze parameters from display

       "ALL" may be used to denote all of the permissions. For example:

               -p Otherj,Otherp
               -p ALL,-Adm

       Notice how "ALL" is set first and then "Adm" taken away in the second example.

       A hexadecimal value is also accepted, but this is intended only for the benefit of the
       installation routines.


       ~/.gnuspool configuration file (home directory)

        .gnuspool configuration file (current directory) message file

       pwdump0 dumped password hash file

       spufile0 user permissions file


           space-separated options to override defaults.

           location of alternative help file.


       gspl-ulist(1), gspl-user(1), spsyntax(5), gnuspool.conf(5), gnuspool.hosts(5).


       Various diagnostics are read and printed as required from the message file, by default


       Copyright (c) 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  This is free software. You may
       redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
       <>.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by


       John M Collins, Xi Software Ltd.