Provided by: abcde_2.7.1-1_all bug


       abcde  -  Grab  an  entire  CD  and  compress it to Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex, AAC,
       WavPack, Monkey's Audio (ape), MPP/MP+(Musepack), True Audio (tta) and/or MP2 format.


       abcde [options] [tracks]


       Ordinarily, the process of grabbing the data off a CD and encoding  it,  then  tagging  or
       commenting  it,  is  very  involved.   abcde is designed to automate this. It will take an
       entire CD and convert it into a compressed audio format - Ogg/Vorbis, MPEG Audio Layer III
       (MP3),  Free  Lossless  Audio  Codec  (FLAC),  Ogg/Speex,  MPP/MP+(Musepack), M4A (AAC) wv
       (WavPack), Monkey's Audio (ape), Opus, True Audio (tta)  or  MPEG  Audio  Layer  II  (MP2)
       format(s).  With one command, it will:

       *      Do  a  CDDB  or  Musicbrainz  query  over  the Internet to look up your CD or use a
              locally stored CDDB entry, or read CD-TEXT from your CD as  a  fallback  for  track

       *      Download   the  album  art  appropriate  for  your  music  tracks  with  many  user
              configurable options for download and post download alterations

       *      Grab an audio track (or all the audio CD tracks) from your CD

       *      Normalize the volume of the individual file (or the album as a single unit)

       *      Compress to Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex, MPP/MP+(Musepack), M4A, wv (WavPack),
              Monkey's  Audio  (ape),  Opus  format(s) True Audio (tta) and/or MP2, all in one CD

       *      Comment or ID3/ID3v2 tag

       *      Give an intelligible filename

       *      Calculate replaygain values for the individual file (or the album as a single unit)

       *      Delete the intermediate WAV file (or save it for later use)

       *      Repeat until finished

       Alternatively, abcde can also grab a CD and turn it  into  a  single  FLAC  file  with  an
       embedded  cuesheet  which  can be user later on as a source for other formats, and will be
       treated as if it was the original CD. In a way, abcde can take a compressed backup of your
       CD collection.


       -1     Encode  the  whole  CD  in  a single file. The resulting file uses the CD title for
              tagging. If the resulting format is a flac file with an embedded cuesheet, the file
              can be used as a source for creating other formats. Use "-1 -o flac -a default,cue"
              for obtaining such a file.

       -a [actions]
              Comma-delimited list of actions to perform. Can be one or more of: cddb, cue, read,
              getalbumart,  normalize, encode, tag, move, replaygain, playlist, clean.  Normalize
              and encode imply read. Tag implies cddb, read, encode.  Move  implies  cddb,  read,
              encode, tag. Replaygain implies cddb, read, encode, tag and move.  Playlist implies
              cddb. The  default  is  to  do  all  actions  except  cue,  normalize,  replaygain,
              getalbumart and playlist.

       -b     Enable batch mode normalization. See the BATCHNORM configuration variable.

       -c [filename]
              Specifies  an additional configuration file to parse. Configuration options in this
              file override those in /etc/abcde.conf or $HOME/.abcde.conf.

       -C [discid]
              Allows you to resume a session for discid when you no longer have the CD  available
              (abcde  will  automatically resume if you still have the CD in the drive). You must
              have already finished at least the "read" action during the previous session.

       -d [devicename | filename]
              CD-ROM block device that contains audio tracks to be read. Alternatively, a single-
              track flac file with embedded cuesheet.

       -D     Capture  debugging  information  (you'll  want  to  redirect  this  - try 'abcde -D

       -e     Erase information about encoded tracks from the internal  status  file,  to  enable
              other encodings if the wav files have been kept.

       -f     Force  the  removal  of the temporary ABCDETEMPDIR directory, even when we have not
              finished. For example, one can read and encode several formats,  including  ´.ogg´,
              and  later  on  execute  a  ´move´  action with only one of the given formats. On a
              normal situation it would erase the rest of those encoded formats.  In  this  case,
              abcde will refuse to execute such command, except if -f is used.

       -g     Enable  lame's  --nogap  option.   See  the NOGAP variable. WARNING: lame's --nogap
              disables the Xing mp3 tag.  This tag is  required  for  mp3  players  to  correctly
              display track lengths when playing variable-bit-rate mp3 files.

       -G     Download  album  art  using  the  getalbumart  function.  This  is  best  done with
              CDDBMETHOD set to musicbrainz and requires the installation of glyrc.   ImageMagick
              is  an  optional but highly recommended package. Further details of getalbumart can
              be found in the abcde FAQ document packaged with abcde.

       -h     Get help information.

       -j [number]
              Start [number] encoder processes at once. Useful for  SMP  systems.  Overrides  the
              MAXPROCS  configuration  variable.  Set it to "0" when using distmp3 to avoid local
              encoding processes.

       -k     Keep the wav files after encoding.

       -l     Use the low-diskspace algorithm. See the LOWDISK configuration variable.

       -L     Use a local CDDB repository. See CDDBLOCALDIR variable.

       -m     Create DOS-style playlists,  modifying  the  resulting  one  by  adding  CRLF  line
              endings. Some hardware players insist on having those to work.

       -n     Do not query CDDB database. Create and use a template. Edit the template to provide
              song names, artist(s), ...

       -N     Non interactive mode. Do not ask anything from the user. Just go ahead.

       -o [filetype][:filetypeoptions]
              Select output type. Can be "vorbis" (or "ogg"), "mp3", "flac", "spx", "mpc", "m4a",
              "wav",  "wv",  "ape"  or "opus".  Specify a comma-delimited list of output types to
              obtain all specified types.  See the OUTPUTTYPE  configuration  variable.  One  can
              pass  options to the encoder for a specific filetype on the command line separating
              them with a colon. The options must be escaped with double-quotes.

       -p     Pads track numbers with 0´s.

       -P     Use Unix PIPES to read and encode in one step (USEPIPES).  This  disables  multiple
              encodings, since the WAV audio file is never stored in the disc. For more detail on
              this option see the FAQ document in the source tarball.

       -r [hosts...]
              Remote encode on this comma-delimited list  of  machines  using  distmp3.  See  the
              REMOTEHOSTS configuration variable.

       -s [fields...]
              List,  separated  by  commas,  the  fields  to be shown in the CDDB parsed entries.
              Right now it only uses "year" and "genre".

       -S [speed]
              Set the speed of the CD drive. Needs CDSPEED and CDSPEEDOPTS set properly and  both
              the program and device must support the capability.

       -t [number]
              Start  the numbering of the tracks at a given number. It only affects the filenames
              and the playlist. Internal (tag) numbering remains the same.

       -T [number]
              Same as -t but changes also the internal (tag) numbering. Keep  in  mind  that  the
              default TRACK tag for MP3 is $T/$TRACKS so it is changed to simply $T.

       -U     Set  CDDBPROTO  to  version  5,  so  that  we  retrieve  ISO-8859-15  encoded  CDDB
              information, and we tag and add comments with Latin1 encoding.

       -v     Show the version and exit

       -V     Be more verbose. On slow networks  the  CDDB  requests  might  give  the  sensation
              nothing is happening. Add this more than once to make things even more verbose.

       -x     Eject  the  CD  when  all  tracks  have  been  read.  See the EJECTCD configuration

       -X [cue2discid]
              Use an alternative "cue2discid" implementation. The name  of  the  binary  must  be
              exactly  that.  abcde  comes  with  an  implementation in python under the examples
              directory. The special keyword "builtin" forces the usage of the internal (default)
              implementation in shell script.

       -w [comment]
              Add  a  comment  to  the tracks ripped from the CD. If you wish to use parentheses,
              these will need to be escaped. i.e. you have to write "\(" instead of "(".

       -W [number]
              Concatenate CD´s. It uses the number provided to define a comment  "CD  #"  and  to
              modify  the  numbering  of the tracks, starting with "#01". For Ogg/Vorbis and FLAC
              files, it also defines a DISCNUMBER tag.

       -z     DEBUG mode: it will rip, using cdparanoia, the very first second of each track  and
              proceed  with  the  actions  requested  very  quickly, also providing some "hidden"
              information about what happens on  the  background.  CAUTION:  IT  WILL  ERASE  ANY

              A  list  of  tracks  you want abcde to process. If this isn't specified, abcde will
              process the entire CD. Accepts ranges of track numbers  -  "abcde  1-5  7  9"  will
              process tracks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 9.


       Each  track  is,  by  default,  placed  in  a  separate  file  named  after the track in a
       subdirectory named after the artist under the current  directory.  This  can  be  modified
       using the OUTPUTFORMAT and VAOUTPUTFORMAT variables in your abcde.conf. Each file is given
       an extension identifying  its compression format, 'vorbis' for  '.ogg',  '.mp3',  '.flac',
       '.spx', '.mpc', '.wav', 'wv', 'ape' or '.opus'.


       abcde  sources two configuration files on startup - /etc/abcde.conf and $HOME/.abcde.conf,
       in that order.

       The configuration options stated in  those  files  can  be  overridden  by  providing  the
       appropriate flags at runtime.

       The configuration variables have to be set as follows:

              Except when "value" needs to be quoted or otherwise interpreted. If other variables
              within "value" are to be expanded upon reading the configuration file, then  double
              quotes  should  be  used.  If  they  are only supposed to be expanded upon use (for
              example OUTPUTFORMAT) then single quotes must be used.

       All shell escaping/quoting rules apply.

       Here is a list of options abcde recognizes:

              Specifies the method we want to use to retrieve the track information.  Two  values
              are  recognized:  "cddb"  and "musicbrainz". The "cddb" value needs the CDDBURL and
              HELLOINFO variables described below. The "musicbrainz" value uses the  Perl  helper
              script  abcde-musicbrainz-tool  to  establish  a  conversation with the Musicbrainz
              server for information retrieval.

              Specifies a server to use for CDDB lookups.

              Specifies the protocol version used for the CDDB retrieval of  results.  Version  6
              retrieves CDDB entries in UTF-8 format.

              Specifies  the  Hello  information  to  send  to the CDDB server. The CDDB protocol
              requires you to send a valid username and  hostname  each  time  you  connect.  The
              format of this is username@hostname.

              Specifies  a  directory where we store a local CDDB repository. The entries must be
              standard CDDB entries, with the filename being the DISCID value. Other  CD  playing
              and  ripping  programs  (like Grip) store the entries under ~/.cddb and we can make
              use of those entries.

              Specifies if the CDDBLOCALDIR has to be searched recursively trying to find a match
              for  the  CDDB  entry.  If  a  match  is  found  and selected, and CDDBCOPYLOCAL is
              selected, it will be copied to the root of the CDDBLOCALDIR if  CDDBLOCALPOLICY  is
              "modified" or "new". The default "y" is needed for the local CDDB search to work.

              Defines  when  a  CDDB  entry  should  be  stored  in the defined CDDBLOCALDIR. The
              possible policies are: "net" for a CDDB entry which has been received from the  net
              (overwriting  any  possible  local  CDDB  entry);  "new" for a CDDB entry which was
              received from the net, but will request confirmation  to  overwrite  a  local  CDDB
              entry  found in the root of the CDDBLOCALDIR directory; "modified" for a CDDB entry
              found in the local repository but which has been modified by the user; and "always"
              which  forces  the  CDDB entry to be stored back in the root of the CDDBLOCALDIR no
              matter where it was found, and no matter it was not edited.  This last option  will
              always  overwrite the one found in the root of the local repository (if any). STILL
              NOT WORKING!!

              Store local copies of the CDDB entries under the $CDDBLOCALDIR directory.

              Actually use the stored copies of the CDDB entries. Can  be  overridden  using  the
              "-L"  flag  (if  is  CDDBUSELOCAL in "n"). If an entry is found, we always give the
              choice of retrieving a CDDB entry from the internet.

              Coma-separated list of fields we want to parse during the CDDB  parsing.   Defaults
              to "year,genre".

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for the Ogg/Vorbis encoder. Valid options are
              ´oggenc´ (default for Ogg/Vorbis) and ´vorbize´.  This affects the default location
              of  the  binary,  the variable to pick encoder command-line options from, and where
              the options are given.

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for the MP3 encoder. Valid options are ´lame´
              (default  for MP3), ´gogo´, ´bladeenc´, ´l3enc´ and ´mp3enc´.  Affects the same way
              as explained above for Ogg/Vorbis.

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for the FLAC  encoder.  At  this  point  only
              ´flac´ is available for FLAC encoding.

              Specifies  the style of encoder to use for the MPEG-1 Audio Layer II (MP2) encoder.
              At this point both ´twolame´ and ´ffmpeg´ are available for MP2 encoding.

              Specifies the style of encoder to  use  for  Speex  encoder.  At  this  point  only
              ´speexenc´ is available for Ogg/Speex encoding.

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for MPP/MP+ (Musepack) encoder. At this point
              we only have ´mpcenc´ available, from

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for M4A (AAC) encoder. We support  ´faac´  as
              ´default´  as  well as higher quality audio with neroAacEnc, fdkaac, qaac,fhgaacenc
              and FFmpeg or avconv. If qaac, refalac or FFmpeg /  avconv  are  used  it  is  also
              possible  to  generate  Apple  Lossless  Audio  Codec (alac) files. Note that qaac,
              refalac and fhgaacenc are Windows applications which require Wine to be installed.

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for True Audio  (tts)  encoding.  We  support
              ´tta´ as default but the older ´ttaenc´ can be used as well.

              Specifies  the  style  of  encoder  to  use  for  WavPack.  We support ´wavpack´ as
              ´default´ but ´ffmpeg' is the other option (Note that this is for  FFmpeg  only  as
              avconv does not have a native WavPack encoder).

              Specifies  the  style of encoder to use for Monkey's Audio (ape). We support ´mac´,
              Monkey's Audio Console, as ´default´.

              Specifies the style of encoder to use for the Opus  encoder.  At  this  point  only
              ´opusenc´ is available for Opus encoding.

              Specifies  the  style  of  normalizer  to  use.   Valid  options  are ´default´ and
              ´normalize' (and both run ´normalize-audio´), since we only support it, ATM.

              Specifies the style of  cdrom  reader  to  use.  Valid  options  are  ´cdparanoia´,
              ´libcdio'  ´debug´  and ´flac´. It is used for querying the CDROM and obtain a list
              of valid tracks and DATA tracks. The special ´flac´ case  is  u  sed  to  "rip"  CD
              tracks from a single-track flac file.

              Specifies  the  syntax of the program we use to read the CD CUE sheet. Right now we
              only support ´mkcue´, but in the future other readers might be used.

              It defaults to no, so if you want to keep those wavs ripped from your CD, set it to
              "y".  You  can  use the "-k" switch in the command line. The default behaviour with
              KEEPWAVS set is to keep the temporary directory and the wav  files  even  you  have
              requested the "clean" action.

              If  set  to  "y",  it adds 0's to the file numbers to complete a two-number holder.
              Useful when encoding tracks 1-9.

              Set to "n" if you want to perform automatic rips, without user intervention.

              Define the values  for  priorities  (nice  values)  for  the  different  CPU-hungry
              processes:  encoding  (ENCNICE), CDROM read (READNICE) and distributed encoder with
              distmp3 (DISTMP3NICE).

              The following configuration file options specify the pathnames of their  respective

              If you wish to specify command-line options to any of the programs abcde uses,  set
              the   following  configuration  file  options:  LAMEOPTS,  GOGOOPTS,  BLADEENCOPTS,

              Set  the  value  of the CDROM speed. The default is to read the disc as fast as the
              reading program and the system permits. The steps are defined as 150kB/s (1x).

              The default actions to be performed when reading a disc.

       CDROM  If set, it points to the CD-Rom device which has to be used for  audio  extraction.
              Abcde  tries  to guess the right device, but it may fail. The special ´flac´ option
              is defined to extract tracks from a single-track flac file.

              Defined as "d" when using cdparanoia  with  an  IDE  bus  and  as  "g"  when  using
              cdparanoia with the ide-scsi emulation layer.

              Specifies the directory to place completed tracks/playlists in.

              Specifies the temporary directory to store .wav files in. Abcde may use up to 700MB
              of temporary space for each session (although it is rare to use over  100MB  for  a
              machine that can encode music as fast as it can read it).

              Specifies  the  encoding  format  to  output,  as well as the default extension and
              encoder. Defaults to "vorbis". Valid settings are "vorbis" (or "ogg") (Ogg/Vorbis),
              "mp3"  (MPEG-1  Audio Layer III), "flac" (Free Lossless Audio Codec), "mp2" (MPEG-1
              Audio Layer III), "spx" (Ogg/Speex),  "mpc"  (MPP/MP+  (Musepack),  "m4a"  (AAC  or
              ALAC),"wv"  (WavPack"),  "wav" (Microsoft Waveform), "opus" (Opus Interactive Audio
              Codec) or "tta" (True Audio). Values like "vorbis,mp3" encode the  tracks  in  both
              Ogg/Vorbis and MP3 formats. For example:
              For  each  value  in  OUTPUTTYPE,  abcde  expands a different process for encoding,
              tagging and moving, so you can  use  the  format  placeholder,  OUTPUT,  to  create
              different  subdirectories  to hold the different types. The variable OUTPUT will be
              'vorbis', 'mp3', 'flac', 'spx', 'mpc', 'm4a', mp2, 'wv', 'ape', 'tta' and/or 'wav',
              depending on the OUTPUTTYPE you define. For example

              Specifies  the  format  for  completed  Ogg/Vorbis,  MP3,  FLAC, Ogg/Speex, MPP/MP+
              (Musepack) or M4A filenames. Variables are included using  standard  shell  syntax.
              Allowed  variables are GENRE, ALBUMFILE, ARTISTFILE, TRACKFILE, TRACKNUM, and YEAR.
              Default is ´${ARTISTFILE}-${ALBUMFILE}/${TRACKNUM}-${TRACKFILE}´.  Make sure to use
              single quotes around this variable. TRACKNUM is automatically zero-padded, when the
              number of encoded tracks is higher than 9. When lower, you can force with  '-p'  in
              the command line.

              Just like OUTPUTFORMAT but for Various Artists discs. The default is

              Just  like OUTPUTFORMAT but for single-track rips (see option "-1"). The default is

              Just like ONETRACKOUTPUTFORMAT but  for  Various  Artists  discs.  The  default  is

              Defines  how  many  encoders  to  run  at once. This makes for huge speedups on SMP
              systems. You should run one  encoder  per  CPU  at  once  for  maximum  efficiency,
              although  more  doesn't  hurt  very  much.  Set  it "0" when using mp3dist to avoid
              getting encoding processes in the local host.

              If set to y, conserves disk space by  encoding  tracks  immediately  after  reading
              them.  This  is  substantially  slower  than  normal operation but requires several
              hundred MB less space to complete the encoding of an entire CD. Use  only  if  your
              system is low on space and cannot encode as quickly as it can read.

              Note  that this option may also help when reading a CD with errors. This is because
              on a scratchy disk reading is quite timing sensitive and this  option  reduces  the
              background  load  on  the  system  which  allows  the  ripping program more precise

              If set to y, enables batch mode  normalization,  which  preserves  relative  volume
              differences  between tracks of an album. Also enables nogap encoding when using the
              ´lame´ encoder.

       NOGAP  Activate the lame's --nogap option, that allows files found in CDs with no  silence
              between  songs  (such  as  live  concerts)  to  be encoded without noticeable gaps.
              WARNING: lame's --nogap disables the Xing mp3 tag.  This tag is  required  for  mp3
              players  to  correctly  display  track  lengths  when playing variable-bit-rate mp3

              Specifies the format for completed playlist filenames. Works like the  OUTPUTFORMAT
              configuration  variable.  Default is ´${ARTISTFILE}_-_${ALBUMFILE}.m3u´.  Make sure
              to use single quotes around this variable.

              Specifies a prefix for filenames within a playlist. Useful for http playlists, etc.

              If set, the resulting playlist  will  have  CR-LF  line  endings,  needed  by  some
              hardware-based players.

              Specifies  a  comment  to  embed  in  the ID3 or Ogg comment field of each finished
              track. Can be up to 28 characters long. Supports the same syntax  as  OUTPUTFORMAT.
              Does not currently support ID3v2.

              Specifies  a  comma-delimited  list  of  systems  to  use for remote encoding using
              distmp3. Equivalent to -r.

              mungefilename() is an abcde shell function that can be overridden  via  abcde.conf.
              It  takes CDDB data as $1 and outputs the resulting filename on stdout. It defaults
              to deleting any preceding dots to filename, replacing spaces with an underscore and
              eating characters which variously Windows and Linux do not permit.
              If  you  modify this function, it is probably a good idea to keep the forward slash
              munging (UNIX cannot store a file with a '/' char in it) as  well  as  the  control
              character  munging  (NULs  can't  be in a filename either, and newlines and such in
              filenames are typically not desirable).

              mungegenre () is a shell function used to modify the $GENRE variable. As a  default
              action,  it takes $GENRE as $1 and outputs the resulting value to stdout converting
              all UPPERCASE characters to lowercase.

              pre_read () is a shell function which is executed before the CDROM is read for  the
              first  time, during abcde execution. It can be used to close the CDROM tray, to set
              its speed (via "setcd" or via "eject", if available) and other preparation actions.
              The default function is empty.

              post_read () is a shell function which is executed after the CDROM is read (and, if
              applies, before the CDROM is ejected). It can be used to read a TOC from the CDROM,
              or  to try to read the DATA areas from the CD (if any exist).  The default function
              is empty.

              If set to "y", abcde will call eject(1) to eject the cdrom from the drive after all
              tracks have been read. It has no effect when CDROM is set to a flac file.

              If  set  to  "1",  some  operations which are usually now shown to the end user are
              visible, such as CDDB queries. Useful for initial debug and  if  your  network/CDDB
              server is slow. Set to "2" or more for even more verbose output.


       Possible ways one can call abcde:

       abcde  Will work in most systems

       abcde -d /dev/cdrom2
              If  the  CDROM  you  are  reading from is not the standard /dev/cdrom (in GNU/Linux

       abcde -o vorbis,flac
              Will create both Ogg/Vorbis and Ogg/FLAC files.

       abcde -o vorbis:"-b 192"
              Will pass "-b 192" to the Ogg/Vorbis encoder, without having to modify  the  config

       abcde -W 1
              For double+ CD settings: will create the 1st CD starting with the track number 101,
              and will add a comment "CD 1" to the tracks, the second starting with  201  and  so

       abcde -d singletrack.flac -o vorbis:"-q 6"
              Will  extract  the  files  contained  in  singletrack  FLAC file using the embedded
              cuesheet and then encode the output files to Ogg/Vorbis with a quality  setting  of


       abcde requires the following backend tools to work:

       *      An Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex, MPP/MP+(Musepack), M4A encoder or Opus encoder
              (oggenc, vorbize, lame, gogo, bladeenc,  l3enc,  mp3enc,  flac,  speexenc,  mpcenc,
              faac, neroAacEnc, fdkaac, wavpack, opusenc).

       *      An  audio  CD reading utility (cdparanoia, icedax, cdda2wav, libcdio (cd-paranoia),
              pird, dagrab). To read CD-TEXT information, icedax or cdda2wav will be needed.

       *      cd-discid, a CDDB DiscID reading program.

       *      An HTTP retrieval program: wget, fetch (FreeBSD) or curl (Mac OS X, among  others).
              Alternatively,  abcde-musicbrainz-tool  (which depends on Perl and some Musicbrainz
              libraries) can be used to retrieve CDDB information about the CD.

       *      (for MP3s) id3 or eyeD3, id3 v1 and v2 tagging programs.

       *      For Monkey's Audio (ape) tagging Robert Muth's 'apetag' is required.

       *      To retrieve album art a glyrc package is required and  optionally  the  ImageMagick
              package should be installed.

       *      (optional) distmp3, a client/server for distributed mp3 encoding.

       *      (optional) normalize-audio, a WAV file volume normalizer.

       *      (optional)  a  replaygain  file  volume  modifier  (vorbisgain,  metaflac, mp3gain,
              mpcgain, wvgain),

       *      (optional) mkcue, a CD cuesheet extractor.


       cdparanoia(1), cd-paranoia(1)  icedax(1),  cdda2wav(1),  twolame(1),  mid3v2(1),  pird(1),
       dagrab(1),  normalize-audio(1),  oggenc(1),  vorbize(1),  flac(1), speexenc(1), mpcenc(1),
       faac(1), fdkaac(1), identify(1), display(1), convert(1),  wavpack(1),  wvgain(1),  id3(1),
       eyeD3(1),  wget(1), fetch(1), cd-discid(1), distmp3(1), distmp3host(1), curl(1), mkcue(1),
       vorbisgain(1), mp3gain(1)


       Robert  Woodcock  <>,  Jesus  Climent  <>,  Colin
       Tuckley    <>,   Steve   McIntyre   <>,   Andrew   Strong
       <> and contributions from many others.