Provided by: libcap-dev_2.32-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       psx_syscall3, psx_syscall6 - POSIX semantics for system calls

SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/psx_syscall.h>

       long int psx_syscall3(long int syscall_nr, long int arg1, long int arg2, long int arg3);

       long int psx_syscall6(long int syscall_nr, long int arg1, long int arg2, long int arg3, long int arg4, long int arg5, long int arg6);

       Link with one of these:

       ld ... -lpsx -lpthread --wrap=pthread_create

       gcc ... -lpsx -lpthread -Wl,-wrap,pthread_create

DESCRIPTION

       The libpsx library attempts to fill a gap left by the pthreads(7) implementation on Linux.
       To be compliant POSIX threads, via the nptl(7) setxid mechanism glibc maintains consistent
       UID  and  GID  credentials amongst all of the threads associated with the current process.
       However, other credential state is not supported by this  abstraction.  To  support  these
       extended  kernel  managed  security  attributes, libpsx(3) provides a more generic pair of
       wrapping system call functions: psx_syscall3(3)  and  psx_syscall6(3).   Like  the  setxid
       mechanism,  the  coordination  of  thread  state is arranged by a realtime signal SIGRTMAX
       which is usurped for this process.

       A linker trick of wrapping the  pthread_create()  call  with  a  psx  thread  registration
       function  is  used  to  allow  libpsx  to keep track of all pthreads. If that trick is not
       usable   by   your   application,   then   the   much   more   cumbersome   and    fragile
       psx_register(pthread_t  thread) function is provided to register threads manually with the
       library. To successfully use this approach an  explanation  of  how  to  code  for  it  is
       provided at the top of the <sys/psx_syscall.h> header file.

       An inefficient macrology trick supports the psx_syscall() pseudo function which takes 1 to
       7 arguments, depending on the needs of the caller. The macrology  pads  out  the  call  to
       actually  use psx_syscall3(3) or psx_syscall6(3) with zeros filling the missing arguments.
       While using this in source code will make it appear clean, the actual  code  footprint  is
       larger.  You  are  encouraged to use the more explicit psx_syscall3(3) and psx_syscall6(3)
       functions.

RETURN VALUE

       The return value for system call functions is generally the value returned by the  kernel,
       or  -1 in the case of an error. In such cases errno(3) is set to the detailed error value.
       The psx_syscall3 and psx_syscall6 functions attempt a  single  threaded  system  call  and
       return immediately in the case of an error. Should this call succeed, then the same system
       calls are executed from a signal handler on each of the other threads of the process.

CONFORMING TO

       The needs of libcap(3) for POSIX semantics of capability manipulation.

REPORTING BUGS

       Please report bugs via:

       https://bugzilla.kernel.org/buglist.cgi?component=libcap&list_id=1047723&product=Tools&resolution=---

SEE ALSO

       libcap(3), pthreads(7) and nptl(7).

                                            2020-01-07                                  LIBPSX(3)