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       perf-list - List all symbolic event types


       perf list [--no-desc] [--long-desc]


       This command displays the symbolic event types which can be selected in the various perf
       commands with the -e option.


       -d, --desc
           Print extra event descriptions. (default)

           Don’t print descriptions.

       -v, --long-desc
           Print longer event descriptions.

           Enable debugging output.

           Print how named events are resolved internally into perf events, and also any extra
           expressions computed by perf stat.

           Print deprecated events. By default the deprecated events are hidden.


       Events can optionally have a modifier by appending a colon and one or more modifiers.
       Modifiers allow the user to restrict the events to be counted. The following modifiers

           u - user-space counting
           k - kernel counting
           h - hypervisor counting
           I - non idle counting
           G - guest counting (in KVM guests)
           H - host counting (not in KVM guests)
           p - precise level
           P - use maximum detected precise level
           S - read sample value (PERF_SAMPLE_READ)
           D - pin the event to the PMU
           W - group is weak and will fallback to non-group if not schedulable,
           e - group or event are exclusive and do not share the PMU

       The p modifier can be used for specifying how precise the instruction address should be.
       The p modifier can be specified multiple times:

           0 - SAMPLE_IP can have arbitrary skid
           1 - SAMPLE_IP must have constant skid
           2 - SAMPLE_IP requested to have 0 skid
           3 - SAMPLE_IP must have 0 skid, or uses randomization to avoid
               sample shadowing effects.

       For Intel systems precise event sampling is implemented with PEBS which supports up to
       precise-level 2, and precise level 3 for some special cases

       On AMD systems it is implemented using IBS (up to precise-level 2). The precise modifier
       works with event types 0x76 (cpu-cycles, CPU clocks not halted) and 0xC1 (micro-ops
       retired). Both events map to IBS execution sampling (IBS op) with the IBS Op Counter
       Control bit (IbsOpCntCtl) set respectively (see AMD64 Architecture Programmer’s Manual
       Volume 2: System Programming, 13.3 Instruction-Based Sampling). Examples to use IBS:

           perf record -a -e cpu-cycles:p ...    # use ibs op counting cycles
           perf record -a -e r076:p ...          # same as -e cpu-cycles:p
           perf record -a -e r0C1:p ...          # use ibs op counting micro-ops


       Even when an event is not available in a symbolic form within perf right now, it can be
       encoded in a per processor specific way.

       For instance For x86 CPUs NNN represents the raw register encoding with the layout of
       IA32_PERFEVTSELx MSRs (see [Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual
       Volume 3B: System Programming Guide] Figure 30-1 Layout of IA32_PERFEVTSELx MSRs) or AMD’s
       PerfEvtSeln (see [AMD64 Architecture Programmer’s Manual Volume 2: System Programming],
       Page 344, Figure 13-7 Performance Event-Select Register (PerfEvtSeln)).

       Note: Only the following bit fields can be set in x86 counter registers: event, umask,
       edge, inv, cmask. Esp. guest/host only and OS/user mode flags must be setup using EVENT


       If the Intel docs for a QM720 Core i7 describe an event as:

           Event  Umask  Event Mask
           Num.   Value  Mnemonic    Description                        Comment

           A8H      01H  LSD.UOPS    Counts the number of micro-ops     Use cmask=1 and
                                     delivered by loop stream detector  invert to count

       raw encoding of 0x1A8 can be used:

           perf stat -e r1a8 -a sleep 1
           perf record -e r1a8 ...

       It’s also possible to use pmu syntax:

           perf record -e r1a8 -a sleep 1
           perf record -e cpu/r1a8/ ...
           perf record -e cpu/r0x1a8/ ...

       You should refer to the processor specific documentation for getting these details. Some
       of them are referenced in the SEE ALSO section below.


       perf also supports an extended syntax for specifying raw parameters to PMUs. Using this
       typically requires looking up the specific event in the CPU vendor specific documentation.

       The available PMUs and their raw parameters can be listed with

           ls /sys/devices/*/format

       For example the raw event "LSD.UOPS" core pmu event above could be specified as

           perf stat -e cpu/event=0xa8,umask=0x1,name=LSD.UOPS_CYCLES,cmask=0x1/ ...

           or using extended name syntax

           perf stat -e cpu/event=0xa8,umask=0x1,cmask=0x1,name=\'LSD.UOPS_CYCLES:cmask=0x1\'/ ...


       Some PMUs are not associated with a core, but with a whole CPU socket. Events on these
       PMUs generally cannot be sampled, but only counted globally with perf stat -a. They can be
       bound to one logical CPU, but will measure all the CPUs in the same socket.

       This example measures memory bandwidth every second on the first memory controller on
       socket 0 of a Intel Xeon system

           perf stat -C 0 -a uncore_imc_0/cas_count_read/,uncore_imc_0/cas_count_write/ -I 1000 ...

       Each memory controller has its own PMU. Measuring the complete system bandwidth would
       require specifying all imc PMUs (see perf list output), and adding the values together. To
       simplify creation of multiple events, prefix and glob matching is supported in the PMU
       name, and the prefix uncore_ is also ignored when performing the match. So the command
       above can be expanded to all memory controllers by using the syntaxes:

           perf stat -C 0 -a imc/cas_count_read/,imc/cas_count_write/ -I 1000 ...
           perf stat -C 0 -a *imc*/cas_count_read/,*imc*/cas_count_write/ -I 1000 ...

       This example measures the combined core power every second

           perf stat -I 1000 -e power/energy-cores/  -a


       For non root users generally only context switched PMU events are available. This is
       normally only the events in the cpu PMU, the predefined events like cycles and
       instructions and some software events.

       Other PMUs and global measurements are normally root only. Some event qualifiers, such as
       "any", are also root only.

       This can be overridden by setting the kernel.perf_event_paranoid sysctl to -1, which
       allows non root to use these events.

       For accessing trace point events perf needs to have read access to
       /sys/kernel/debug/tracing, even when perf_event_paranoid is in a relaxed setting.


       Some PMUs control advanced hardware tracing capabilities, such as Intel PT, that allows
       low overhead execution tracing. These are described in a separate intel-pt.txt document.


       Some pmu events listed by perf-list will be displayed with ? in them. For example:


       This means that when provided as an event, a value for ? must also be supplied. For

           perf stat -C 0 -e 'hv_gpci/dtbp_ptitc,phys_processor_idx=0x2/' ...


       It is also possible to add extra qualifiers to an event:


       Sums up the event counts for all hardware threads in a core, e.g.:

           perf stat -e cpu/event=0,umask=0x3,percore=1/


       Perf supports time based multiplexing of events, when the number of events active exceeds
       the number of hardware performance counters. Multiplexing can cause measurement errors
       when the workload changes its execution profile.

       When metrics are computed using formulas from event counts, it is useful to ensure some
       events are always measured together as a group to minimize multiplexing errors. Event
       groups can be specified using { }.

           perf stat -e '{instructions,cycles}' ...

       The number of available performance counters depend on the CPU. A group cannot contain
       more events than available counters. For example Intel Core CPUs typically have four
       generic performance counters for the core, plus three fixed counters for instructions,
       cycles and ref-cycles. Some special events have restrictions on which counter they can
       schedule, and may not support multiple instances in a single group. When too many events
       are specified in the group some of them will not be measured.

       Globally pinned events can limit the number of counters available for other groups. On x86
       systems, the NMI watchdog pins a counter by default. The nmi watchdog can be disabled as
       root with

           echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/nmi_watchdog

       Events from multiple different PMUs cannot be mixed in a group, with some exceptions for
       software events.


       perf also supports group leader sampling using the :S specifier.

           perf record -e '{cycles,instructions}:S' ...
           perf report --group

       Normally all events in an event group sample, but with :S only the first event (the
       leader) samples, and it only reads the values of the other events in the group.

       However, in the case AUX area events (e.g. Intel PT or CoreSight), the AUX area event must
       be the leader, so then the second event samples, not the first.


       Without options all known events will be listed.

       To limit the list use:

        1. hw or hardware to list hardware events such as cache-misses, etc.

        2. sw or software to list software events such as context switches, etc.

        3. cache or hwcache to list hardware cache events such as L1-dcache-loads, etc.

        4. tracepoint to list all tracepoint events, alternatively use subsys_glob:event_glob to
           filter by tracepoint subsystems such as sched, block, etc.

        5. pmu to print the kernel supplied PMU events.

        6. sdt to list all Statically Defined Tracepoint events.

        7. metric to list metrics

        8. metricgroup to list metricgroups with metrics.

        9. If none of the above is matched, it will apply the supplied glob to all events,
           printing the ones that match.

       10. As a last resort, it will do a substring search in all event names.

       One or more types can be used at the same time, listing the events for the types

       Support raw format:

        1. --raw-dump, shows the raw-dump of all the events.

        2. --raw-dump [hw|sw|cache|tracepoint|pmu|event_glob], shows the raw-dump of a certain
           kind of events.


       perf-stat(1), perf-top(1), perf-record(1), Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software
       Developer’s Manual Volume 3B: System Programming Guide[1], AMD64 Architecture Programmer’s
       Manual Volume 2: System Programming[2]


        1. Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Volume 3B: System
           Programming Guide

        2. AMD64 Architecture Programmer’s Manual Volume 2: System Programming