Provided by: util-linux_2.38-4ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       blkid - locate/print block device attributes


       blkid --label label | --uuid uuid

       blkid [--no-encoding --garbage-collect --list-one --cache-file file] [--output format]
       [--match-tag tag] [--match-token NAME=value] [device...]

       blkid --probe [--offset offset] [--output format] [--size size] [--match-tag tag]
       [--match-types list] [--usages list] [--no-part-details] device...

       blkid --info [--output format] [--match-tag tag] device...


       The blkid program is the command-line interface to working with the libblkid(3) library.
       It can determine the type of content (e.g., filesystem or swap) that a block device holds,
       and also the attributes (tokens, NAME=value pairs) from the content metadata (e.g., LABEL
       or UUID fields).

       It is recommended to use lsblk(8) command to get information about block devices, or lsblk
       --fs to get an overview of filesystems, or findmnt(8) to search in already mounted

          lsblk(8) provides more information, better control on output formatting, easy to
          use in scripts and it does not require root permissions to get actual
          information. blkid reads information directly from devices and for non-root users
          it returns cached unverified information. blkid is mostly designed for system
          services and to test libblkid(3) functionality.

       When device is specified, tokens from only this device are displayed. It is possible to
       specify multiple device arguments on the command line. If none is given, all partitions or
       unpartitioned devices which appear in /proc/partitions are shown, if they are recognized.

       blkid has two main forms of operation: either searching for a device with a specific
       NAME=value pair, or displaying NAME=value pairs for one or more specified devices.

       For security reasons blkid silently ignores all devices where the probing result is
       ambivalent (multiple colliding filesystems are detected). The low-level probing mode (-p)
       provides more information and extra exit status in this case. It’s recommended to use
       wipefs(8) to get a detailed overview and to erase obsolete stuff (magic strings) from the


       The size and offset arguments may be followed by the multiplicative suffixes like KiB
       (=1024), MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for GiB, TiB, PiB, EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is
       optional, e.g., "K" has the same meaning as "KiB"), or the suffixes KB (=1000), MB
       (=1000*1000), and so on for GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

       -c, --cache-file cachefile
           Read from cachefile instead of reading from the default cache file (see the
           CONFIGURATION FILE section for more details). If you want to start with a clean cache
           (i.e., don’t report devices previously scanned but not necessarily available at this
           time), specify /dev/null.

       -d, --no-encoding
           Don’t encode non-printing characters. The non-printing characters are encoded by ^ and
           M- notation by default. Note that the --output udev output format uses a different
           encoding which cannot be disabled.

       -D, --no-part-details
           Don’t print information (PART_ENTRY_* tags) from partition table in low-level probing

       -g, --garbage-collect
           Perform a garbage collection pass on the blkid cache to remove devices which no longer

       -H, --hint setting
           Set probing hint. The hints are an optional way to force probing functions to check,
           for example, another location. The currently supported is "session_offset=number" to
           set session offset on multi-session UDF.

       -i, --info
           Display information about I/O Limits (aka I/O topology). The 'export' output format is
           automatically enabled. This option can be used together with the --probe option.

       -k, --list-filesystems
           List all known filesystems and RAIDs and exit.

       -l, --list-one
           Look up only one device that matches the search parameter specified with the
           --match-token option. If there are multiple devices that match the specified search
           parameter, then the device with the highest priority is returned, and/or the first
           device found at a given priority (but see below note about udev). Device types in
           order of decreasing priority are: Device Mapper, EVMS, LVM, MD, and finally regular
           block devices. If this option is not specified, blkid will print all of the devices
           that match the search parameter.

           This option forces blkid to use udev when used for LABEL or UUID tokens in
           --match-token. The goal is to provide output consistent with other utils (like
           mount(8), etc.) on systems where the same tag is used for multiple devices.

       -L, --label label
           Look up the device that uses this filesystem label; this is equal to --list-one
           --output device --match-token LABEL=label. This lookup method is able to reliably use
           /dev/disk/by-label udev symlinks (dependent on a setting in /etc/blkid.conf). Avoid
           using the symlinks directly; it is not reliable to use the symlinks without
           verification. The --label option works on systems with and without udev.

           Unfortunately, the original blkid(8) from e2fsprogs uses the -L option as a synonym
           for -o list. For better portability, use -l -o device -t LABEL=label and -o list in
           your scripts rather than the -L option.

       -n, --match-types list
           Restrict the probing functions to the specified (comma-separated) list of superblock
           types (names). The list items may be prefixed with "no" to specify the types which
           should be ignored. For example:

           blkid --probe --match-types vfat,ext3,ext4 /dev/sda1

           probes for vfat, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and

           blkid --probe --match-types nominix /dev/sda1

           probes for all supported formats except minix filesystems. This option is only useful
           together with --probe.

       -o, --output format
           Use the specified output format. Note that the order of variables and devices is not
           fixed. See also option -s. The format parameter may be:

               print all tags (the default)

               print the value of the tags

               print the devices in a user-friendly format; this output format is unsupported for
               low-level probing (--probe or --info).

               This output format is DEPRECATED in favour of the lsblk(8) command.

               print the device name only; this output format is always enabled for the --label
               and --uuid options

               print key="value" pairs for easy import into the udev environment; the keys are
               prefixed by ID_FS_ or ID_PART_ prefixes. The value may be modified to be safe for
               udev environment; allowed is plain ASCII, hex-escaping and valid UTF-8, everything
               else (including whitespaces) is replaced with '_'. The keys with _ENC postfix use
               hex-escaping for unsafe chars.

               The udev output returns the ID_FS_AMBIVALENT tag if more superblocks are detected,
               and ID_PART_ENTRY_* tags are always returned for all partitions including empty

               This output format is DEPRECATED.

               print key=value pairs for easy import into the environment; this output format is
               automatically enabled when I/O Limits (--info option) are requested.

               The non-printing characters are encoded by ^ and M- notation and all potentially
               unsafe characters are escaped.

       -O, --offset offset
           Probe at the given offset (only useful with --probe). This option can be used together
           with the --info option.

       -p, --probe
           Switch to low-level superblock probing mode (bypassing the cache).

           Note that low-level probing also returns information about partition table type
           (PTTYPE tag) and partitions (PART_ENTRY_* tags). The tag names produced by low-level
           probing are based on names used internally by libblkid and it may be different than
           when executed without --probe (for example PART_ENTRY_UUID= vs PARTUUID=). See also

       -s, --match-tag tag
           For each (specified) device, show only the tags that match tag. It is possible to
           specify multiple --match-tag options. If no tag is specified, then all tokens are
           shown for all (specified) devices. In order to just refresh the cache without showing
           any tokens, use --match-tag none with no other options.

       -S, --size size
           Override the size of device/file (only useful with --probe).

       -t, --match-token NAME=value
           Search for block devices with tokens named NAME that have the value value, and display
           any devices which are found. Common values for NAME include TYPE, LABEL, and UUID. If
           there are no devices specified on the command line, all block devices will be
           searched; otherwise only the specified devices are searched.

       -u, --usages list
           Restrict the probing functions to the specified (comma-separated) list of "usage"
           types. Supported usage types are: filesystem, raid, crypto and other. The list items
           may be prefixed with "no" to specify the usage types which should be ignored. For

           blkid --probe --usages filesystem,other /dev/sda1

           probes for all filesystem and other (e.g., swap) formats, and

           blkid --probe --usages noraid /dev/sda1

           probes for all supported formats except RAIDs. This option is only useful together
           with --probe.

       -U, --uuid uuid
           Look up the device that uses this filesystem uuid. For more details see the --label

       -h, --help
           Display help text and exit.

       -V, --version
           Print version and exit.


       If the specified device or device addressed by specified token (option --match-token) was
       found and it’s possible to gather any information about the device, an exit status 0 is
       returned. Note the option --match-tag filters output tags, but it does not affect exit

       If the specified token was not found, or no (specified) devices could be identified, or it
       is impossible to gather any information about the device identifiers or device content an
       exit status of 2 is returned.

       For usage or other errors, an exit status of 4 is returned.

       If an ambivalent probing result was detected by low-level probing mode (-p), an exit
       status of 8 is returned.


       The standard location of the /etc/blkid.conf config file can be overridden by the
       environment variable BLKID_CONF. The following options control the libblkid library:

           Sends uevent when /dev/disk/by-{label,uuid,partuuid,partlabel}/ symlink does not match
           with LABEL, UUID, PARTUUID or PARTLABEL on the device. Default is "yes".

           Overrides the standard location of the cache file. This setting can be overridden by
           the environment variable BLKID_FILE. Default is /run/blkid/, or
           /etc/ on systems without a /run directory.

           Defines LABEL and UUID evaluation method(s). Currently, the libblkid library supports
           the "udev" and "scan" methods. More than one method may be specified in a
           comma-separated list. Default is "udev,scan". The "udev" method uses udev
           /dev/disk/by-* symlinks and the "scan" method scans all block devices from the
           /proc/partitions file.


       Setting LIBBLKID_DEBUG=all enables debug output.


       blkid was written by Andreas Dilger for libblkid and improved by Theodore Ts’o and Karel


       libblkid(3), findfs(8), lsblk(8), wipefs(8)


       For bug reports, use the issue tracker at


       The blkid command is part of the util-linux package which can be downloaded from Linux
       Kernel Archive <>.