Provided by: libcurl4-doc_7.88.1-8ubuntu1_all bug


       curl_easy_header - get an HTTP header


       #include <curl/curl.h>

       CURLHcode curl_easy_header(CURL *easy,
                                  const char *name,
                                  size_t index,
                                  unsigned int origin,
                                  int request,
                                  struct curl_header **hout);


       curl_easy_header(3)  returns a pointer to a "curl_header" struct in hout with data for the
       HTTP response header name. The case insensitive  null-terminated  header  name  should  be
       specified without colon.

       index  0  means asking for the first instance of the header. If the returned header struct
       has amount set larger than 1, it means there are more instances of the  same  header  name
       available to get. Asking for a too big index makes CURLHE_BADINDEX get returned.

       The  origin argument is for specifying which headers to receive, as a single HTTP transfer
       might provide headers from several different places  and  they  may  then  have  different
       importance  to  the  user  and  headers using the same name might be used. The origin is a
       bitmask for what header sources you want. See the descriptions below.

       The request argument tells libcurl from which request you  want  headers  from.  A  single
       transfer  might  consist  of  a series of HTTP requests and this argument lets you specify
       which particular individual request you want the headers from. 0 being the  first  request
       and  then the number increases for further redirects or when multi-state authentication is
       used. Passing in -1 is a shortcut to "the last" request in the  series,  independently  of
       the actual amount of requests used.

       libcurl  stores  and  provides  the  actually  used  "correct" headers. If for example two
       headers with the same name arrive and the latter  overrides  the  former,  then  only  the
       latter  will be provided. If the first header survives the second, then only the first one
       will be provided. An application using this API does not have  to  bother  about  multiple
       headers used wrongly.

       The memory for the returned struct is associated with the easy handle and subsequent calls
       to curl_easy_header(3) will clobber the struct used in the previous  calls  for  the  same
       easy  handle. Applications need to copy the data if it wants to keep it around. The memory
       used for the struct gets freed with calling curl_easy_cleanup(3) of the easy handle.

       The first line in an HTTP response is called the status  line.  It  is  not  considered  a
       header by this function. Headers are the "name: value" lines following the status.

       This function can be used before (all) headers have been received and is fine to call from
       within libcurl callbacks. It will always return the state of the headers at the time it is

The header struct

       struct curl_header {
          char *name;
          char *value;
          size_t amount;
          size_t index;
          unsigned int origin;
          void *anchor;

       The  data name field points to, will be the same as the requested name but it might have a
       different case.

       The data value field points to, comes exactly as  delivered  over  the  network  but  with
       leading  and  trailing  whitespace  and  newlines  stripped off. The `value` data is null-
       terminated. For legacy HTTP/1 "folded headers", this API provides the full single value in
       an unfolded manner with a single whitespace between the lines.

       amount is how many headers using this name that exist, within the origin and request scope
       asked for.

       index is the zero based entry number of this particular header, which in case this  header
       was  used  more  than  once in the requested scope can be larger than 0 but is always less
       than amount.

       The origin field in the "curl_header" struct has one of the origin  bits  set,  indicating
       where  from  the  header  originates.  At  the time of this writing, there are 5 bits with
       defined use. The undocumented 27 remaining bits are reserved for future use and  must  not
       be assumed to have any particular value.

       anchor is a private handle used by libcurl internals. Do not modify.


              The header arrived as a header from the server.

              The header arrived as a trailer. A header that arrives after the body.

              The  header arrived in a CONNECT response. A CONNECT request is being done to setup
              a transfer "through" an HTTP(S) proxy.

              The header arrived in an HTTP 1xx response. A 1xx  response  is  an  "intermediate"
              response that might happen before the "real" response.

              The header is an HTTP/2 or HTTP/3 pseudo header


       struct curl_header *type;
       CURLHcode h =
         curl_easy_header(easy, "Content-Type", 0, CURLH_HEADER, -1, &type);


       Added in 7.83.0. Officially supported since 7.84.0.


       This function returns a CURLHcode indicating success or error.

              There is no header with the requested index.

              No such header exists.

              No headers at all have been recorded.

              There was no such request number.

              Out of resources

              One or more of the given arguments are bad.

              HTTP or the header API has been disabled in the build.


       curl_easy_nextheader(3),          curl_easy_perform(3),         CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION(3),