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       pthread_setaffinity_np, pthread_getaffinity_np - set/get CPU affinity of a thread


       #define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_setaffinity_np(pthread_t thread, size_t cpusetsize,
                                  const cpu_set_t *cpuset);
       int pthread_getaffinity_np(pthread_t thread, size_t cpusetsize,
                                  cpu_set_t *cpuset);

       Compile and link with -pthread.


       The  pthread_setaffinity_np()  function sets the CPU affinity mask of the thread thread to
       the CPU set pointed to by cpuset.  If the call  is  successful,  and  the  thread  is  not
       currently running on one of the CPUs in cpuset, then it is migrated to one of those CPUs.

       The  pthread_getaffinity_np()  function returns the CPU affinity mask of the thread thread
       in the buffer pointed to by cpuset.

       For more details on CPU affinity masks, see sched_setaffinity(2).  For a description of  a
       set of macros that can be used to manipulate and inspect CPU sets, see CPU_SET(3).

       The  argument  cpusetsize  is  the  length  (in bytes) of the buffer pointed to by cpuset.
       Typically, this argument would be specified as sizeof(cpu_set_t).  (It may be  some  other
       value, if using the macros described in CPU_SET(3) for dynamically allocating a CPU set.)


       On success, these functions return 0; on error, they return a nonzero error number.


       EFAULT A supplied memory address was invalid.

       EINVAL (pthread_setaffinity_np())  The  affinity bit mask mask contains no processors that
              are currently physically on the system and permitted to the thread according to any
              restrictions that may be imposed by the "cpuset" mechanism described in cpuset(7).

       EINVAL (pthread_setaffinity_np())  cpuset  specified  a  CPU  that  was  outside  the  set
              supported by the kernel.  (The kernel configuration option  CONFIG_NR_CPUS  defines
              the range of the set supported by the kernel data type used to represent CPU sets.)

       EINVAL (pthread_getaffinity_np()) cpusetsize is smaller than the size of the affinity mask
              used by the kernel.

       ESRCH  No thread with the ID thread could be found.


       These functions are provided by glibc since version 2.3.4.


       These functions are nonstandard GNU extensions; hence the suffix  "_np"  (nonportable)  in
       the names.


       After  a  call  to  pthread_setaffinity_np(),  the  set  of  CPUs on which the thread will
       actually run is the intersection of the set specified in the cpuset argument and  the  set
       of  CPUs  actually present on the system.  The system may further restrict the set of CPUs
       on which the thread runs if the "cpuset" mechanism described in cpuset(7) is  being  used.
       These  restrictions  on  the  actual set of CPUs on which the thread will run are silently
       imposed by the kernel.

       These   functions   are   implemented   on   top   of   the    sched_setaffinity(2)    and
       sched_getaffinity(2) system calls.

       In  glibc  2.3.3  only,  versions  of  these  functions  were provided that did not have a
       cpusetsize argument.  Instead the CPU set size given to the underlying  system  calls  was
       always sizeof(cpu_set_t).

       A  new  thread  created by pthread_create(3) inherits a copy of its creator's CPU affinity


       In the following program, the main thread uses pthread_setaffinity_np()  to  set  its  CPU
       affinity  mask  to include CPUs 0 to 7 (which may not all be available on the system), and
       then calls pthread_getaffinity_np() to check  the  resulting  CPU  affinity  mask  of  the

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <pthread.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <errno.h>

       #define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
               do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
           int s, j;
           cpu_set_t cpuset;
           pthread_t thread;

           thread = pthread_self();

           /* Set affinity mask to include CPUs 0 to 7 */

           for (j = 0; j < 8; j++)
               CPU_SET(j, &cpuset);

           s = pthread_setaffinity_np(thread, sizeof(cpu_set_t), &cpuset);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_setaffinity_np");

           /* Check the actual affinity mask assigned to the thread */

           s = pthread_getaffinity_np(thread, sizeof(cpu_set_t), &cpuset);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_getaffinity_np");

           printf("Set returned by pthread_getaffinity_np() contained:\n");
           for (j = 0; j < CPU_SETSIZE; j++)
               if (CPU_ISSET(j, &cpuset))
                   printf("    CPU %d\n", j);



       sched_setaffinity(2),        sched_setscheduler(2),        pthread_attr_setaffinity_np(3),
       pthread_self(3), sched_getcpu(3), cpuset(7), pthreads(7)


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