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       getmntent,  setmntent,  addmntent,  endmntent,  hasmntopt,  getmntent_r  -  get filesystem
       descriptor file entry


       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <mntent.h>

       FILE *setmntent(const char *filename, const char *type);

       struct mntent *getmntent(FILE *fp);

       int addmntent(FILE *fp, const struct mntent *mnt);

       int endmntent(FILE *fp);

       char *hasmntopt(const struct mntent *mnt, const char *opt);

       /* GNU extension */
       #include <mntent.h>

       struct mntent *getmntent_r(FILE *fp, struct mntent *mntbuf,
                                  char *buf, int buflen);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getmntent_r(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE


       These routines are used to access the  filesystem  description  file  /etc/fstab  and  the
       mounted filesystem description file /etc/mtab.

       The setmntent() function opens the filesystem description file filename and returns a file
       pointer which can be used by getmntent().   The  argument  type  is  the  type  of  access
       required and can take the same values as the mode argument of fopen(3).

       The  getmntent()  function reads the next line from the filesystem description file fp and
       returns a pointer to a structure containing the broken out fields from a line in the file.
       The  pointer points to a static area of memory which is overwritten by subsequent calls to

       The addmntent() function adds the mntent structure mnt to the end of the open file fp.

       The endmntent() function closes the filesystem description file fp.

       The hasmntopt() function scans the mnt_opts field (see below) of the mntent structure  mnt
       for a substring that matches opt.  See <mntent.h> and mount(8) for valid mount options.

       The  reentrant  getmntent_r()  function  is  similar to getmntent(), but stores the struct
       mount in the provided *mntbuf and stores the strings pointed to by  the  entries  in  that
       struct in the provided array buf of size buflen.

       The mntent structure is defined in <mntent.h> as follows:

           struct mntent {
               char *mnt_fsname;   /* name of mounted filesystem */
               char *mnt_dir;      /* filesystem path prefix */
               char *mnt_type;     /* mount type (see mntent.h) */
               char *mnt_opts;     /* mount options (see mntent.h) */
               int   mnt_freq;     /* dump frequency in days */
               int   mnt_passno;   /* pass number on parallel fsck */

       Since  fields  in  the mtab and fstab files are separated by whitespace, octal escapes are
       used to represent the four  characters  space  (\040),  tab  (\011),  newline  (\012)  and
       backslash  (\134)  in  those  files when they occur in one of the four strings in a mntent
       structure.   The  routines  addmntent()  and  getmntent()   will   convert   from   string
       representation to escaped representation and back.


       The  getmntent()  and  getmntent_r() functions return a pointer to the mntent structure or
       NULL on failure.

       The addmntent() function returns 0 on success and 1 on failure.

       The endmntent() function always returns 1.

       The hasmntopt() function returns the address of the substring if a match is found and NULL


       /etc/fstab          filesystem description file
       /etc/mtab           mounted filesystem description file


       The  nonreentrant  functions are from SunOS 4.1.3.  A routine getmntent_r() was introduced
       in HP-UX 10, but it returns an int.  The prototype shown above is glibc-only.


       System V also has a getmntent()  function  but  the  calling  sequence  differs,  and  the
       returned  structure is different.  Under System V /etc/mnttab is used.  4.4BSD and Digital
       UNIX have a routine getmntinfo(), a wrapper around the system call getfsstat().


       fopen(3), fstab(5), mount(8)


       This page is part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information    about    reporting    bugs,    can    be    found    at

                                            2009-09-15                               GETMNTENT(3)