Provided by: pbuilder_0.215ubuntu7.1_all bug


       pbuilder - personal package builder


       pbuilder --create [options]

       pbuilder --update [options]

       pbuilder --build [options] .dsc-file

       pbuilder --execute [options] -- script [script options]

       pbuilder --clean

       pbuilder --login [options]


       Front  end  program  to  the pbuilder suite of programs, used for creating and maintaining
       chroot environment and building Debian package in the chroot environment.


              Creates a base.tgz for the specified distribution.

              Updates the base.tgz for the  specified  distribution.   Also,  by  specifying  the
              --override-config  option, it is possible to install a new apt-line using the given
              options and settings in the configuration file for the base.tgz.

              For example, to switch the distribution of an existing base.tgz to sid, specify the
              --distribution sid --override-config options to update.

              Builds  the  package specified by .dsc-file in the chroot environment created using
              the base.tgz

              Cleans up the directory specified by  the  configuration  BUILDPLACE  and  APTCACHE
              specified in /etc/pbuilderrc

              Logs  into the chroot, and cleaned up afterwards.  Any changes you make will not be
              kept.  Only use this for temporary  and  debugging  purposes.   Do  not  bind-mount
              filesystems directly inside the chroot.  Use --bindmounts option to mount.

              Execute a script or command inside the chroot, in a similar manner to --login

              The file specified in the command-line argument will be copied into the chroot, and

              The remaining arguments are passed on to the script.

              Dumps configuration information, used for debugging.

              Builds a Debian package from the Debian source directory.   The  current  directory
              should have the usual debian/ directory.

              Same as pdebuild --use-pdebuild-internal


       The  command  is  followed  by  options  of  the  form --option name which will modify the
       semantics as explained below.  They are applied from left-to-right,  and  when  there  are
       conflicting options, the rightmost options will have effect.

       --basetgz [basetgz-location]
              Specifies the location of base.tgz

              This  option  will  define  the  default  distribution  and  apt-lines when used in
              pbuilder --update and pbuilder --create

       --buildplace [location of build]
              Specifies the location where building and  base.tgz  updating  and  creation  takes
              place. This is a temporary work directory.

              A subdirectory of that directory using the current PID of the process is used.

       --buildresult [location to put build result]
              Specifies  the  location  the build result gets into after building.  The deb files
              and other files that have resulted from build  is  copied  there.   Note  that  the
              default   value   is   not  the  current  directory,  or  ..   but  another  place,
              /var/cache/pbuilder/result This is to avoid overwriting already existing deb  files
              with the newly generated ones.

       --mirror [mirror location]
              Specifies  the  URL  of  Debian  mirror  to be specified in sources.list inside the
              chroot.  This option is only  valid  when  distribution  is  being  specified,  for
              --update    and    --build    targets.     The    format    is    something   like:
     which should point to your favourite mirror.

              This option can optionally be omitted, and left blank, in which case, this part  is

              Note that these URLs specified to pbuilder will be used from within the chroot, and
              specifying file:/somewhere/ will most probably fail.

       --othermirror [deb http://xxx/xxx/ ./ | other deb lines... ]
              The  lines  which  is  added  to  the  sources.list,  delimited  with  |  Like  deb
              http://local/mirror stable main|deb file:/usr/local/mirror ./

              The  deb  lines  here  are the ones that will appear at the top of the sources.list
              inside the chroot.  Be sure to follow the syntax rules of  sources.list(5).   These
              lines appear at the beginning of the constructed sources file, so this is the place
              to list your local mirror sites; apt will then use them in preference to  the  ones
              listed in --mirror .

       --distribution [distribution]
              Specifies  the  distribution  used.   The supported values are the ones debootstrap
              supports, plus experimental which is special cased in pbuilder.  For  instance  you
              may use: sid or experimental .

       --architecture [architecture]
              Specifies  the  architecture  used.   The supported values are the ones debootstrap
              supports.  i386 or amd64 .

       --components [components]
              Specifies the default distribution components to use. eg. "main contrib  non-free".
              Default is "main".

              Specify to use different apt set up inside the chroot than it was used for creating
              the base.tgz.  Specify this when you want to do pbuilder --update with a  different
              distribution target set up.

              --distribution  ,  --components  ,  --mirror , --othermirror options are only valid
              when --override-config option is specified in --update  target,  or  when  pbuilder
              --create is being called.

       --http-proxy [proxy]
              Specifies  the  http  proxy URL. Something like should

       --aptcache [location of retrieved package files]
              Specifies the location where the packages downloaded by apt should be  cached.  Use
              --aptcache "" if you want caching to be turned off.

       --configfile [configuration file to load]
              Additional configuration file to read after all other configuration files have been

       --hookdir [location of user scripts]
              Specifies the location where scripts for user intervention during the --create  and
              --update  process  are stored. Currently scripts are executed at only one point, on
              exit from the chrooted  environment,  just  before  either  a  create  or  a  build
              regenerated   the   base.tgz   file.   The   script  names  must  be  in  the  form
              X<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> much like boot scripts. The scripts must be
              executable  and may be either binaries or interpreted scripts. If it is a script in
              other than Bourne Shell or Perl, it is up to the user to ensure the interpreter was
              previously  installed  in  the  chrooted environment. Files ending in ~ or .bak are

              Although it may not seem necessary, pbuilder --update does not invoke the hooks  if
              --hookdir  is  empty,  so  if  you  want  to avoid running hooks, run pbuilder with
              --hookdir ""

              If there is a distribution hook, for example, if there was a file  sid  inside  the
              hook  directory,  and  the  script  was  creating  the chroot for sid distribution,
              pbuilder will call debootstrap with  that  as  the  4th  parameter  in  the  chroot
              creation process.  This allows for use of custom debootstrap hook script.

              A<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is  for  --build  target.   It is executed
              before build starts; after unpacking the build system, and  unpacking  the  source,
              and satisfying the build-dependency.

              B<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is  executed  after  build system finishes
              building, successfully, before copying back the build result.

              C<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed  after  build  failure,  before

              D<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is  executed  before  unpacking the source
              inside the chroot, after setting up  the  chroot  environment.   Create  $TMP,  and
              $TMPDIR if necessary.

              This  is called before build-dependency is satisfied.  Also useful for calling apt-
              get update

              E<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed after pbuilder --update
               and pbuilder --create finishes apt-get work  with  the  chroot,  before  umounting
              kernel file systems (/proc) and creating the tarball from the chroot.

              F<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is  executed  just before user logs in, or
              program starts executing, after chroot is created in --login or --execute target.

              G<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is   executed   just   after   debootstrap
              finishes,  and  configuration  is  loaded,  and  pbuilder starts mounting /proc and
              invoking apt-get install in --create target.

       --debbuildopts [options]

              List of options that are  passed  on  to  dpkg-buildpackage.   Multiple  flags  are
              additive  and  appended  ot  the  any  value  given in DEBBUILDOPTS as specified in
              pbuilderrc.   To  clear  the  list  of  options,  pass  the  empty   string,   e.g.
              --debbuildopts "".

              Multiple options are delimited with spaces, like --debbuildopts "-j100 -E"

       --logfile [file to log]
              Specifies  the  logfile to create.  The messages generated during execution will be
              written to the specified file, and the standard output.


              Specify to build architecture specific targets instead  of  all  targets.   Setting
              --debbuildopts after this option will re-set some parts of the effect.

              Use this option rather than using --debbuildopts -B

       --bindmounts bind-mount-points
              Bind-mount  the specified directories to inside the chroot.  bind-mount-points is a
              space-delimited list of directories to bind-mount which should be  specified  in  a
              space-delimited  manner,  surrounded  in  double  quotations,  like: "/srv /somedir

       --debootstrapopts                        --variant=buildd                        --keyring
              Add extra command-line options to debootstrap.

              Specify multiple options through multiple instance of this option, for example:

              --debootstrapopts --arch=arm --debootstrapopts --variant=buildd

       --debootstrap debootstrap
              Use specified debootstrap implementation as debootstrap.  Known implementations are
              cdebootstrap and debootstrap and default is to use debootstrap.

              Allow untrusted (no key installed) and unsigned  repositories.   Warning:  Enabling
              this option may allow remote attackers to compromise the system.  Better use signed
              repositories and --keyring to add the key(s).

       --keyring path/to/keyring
              Additional keyrings to  use  for  package  verification  with  apt,  not  used  for
              debootstrap  (use --debootstrapopts ). Use this to add (local) signed repositories.
              By default the debian-archive-keyring package inside the chroot  is  used.  Can  be
              specified multiple times.


              Save  the  chroot  image after exiting from the chroot instead of deleting changes.
              Effective for login and execute session.

              Clean apt cache automatically, to run apt-get autoclean to only keep  the  packages
              which  are  required  for  the  version  of Debian.  This is useful when you keep a
              aptcache directory for each distribution and want to keep the size of the  aptcache


              Show a brief help message.


       Some options are more involved to pbuilder internal than others. The following options are

       --removepackages [packages to remove]
              Removes the  packages  on  creating  the  base.tgz.   Use  this  option  to  remove
              potentially  dangerous or undesirable packages, like lilo which nobody will need to
              have inside a chroot.

              Packages should be specified in a  space-delimited  manner,  surrounded  in  double
              quotations, like "lilo gcc mawk"

       --extrapackages [packages to add]
              Adds  packages specified as an addition to the default, which is build-essential by
              default.  This is used in --build and --create  (after  successfully  creating  the
              initial chroot) and --update.

              The packages should be specified as a space-delimited list.

       --debemail [maintainer-name <email-address>]

              Specifies  that  dpkg-buildpackage be called with -mmaintainer-name <email-address>
              instead of default value specified in the environment variable, or pbuilderrc

              This option is almost obsolete, use --debbuildopts instead

              Alternative option to --logfile option.  Automatically creates a  logfile  that  is
              named by the .dsc file name, only really applicable for --build target.

              The file extension is specified by PKGNAME_LOGFILE_EXTENTION in pbuilderrc

       --aptconfdir [APT configuration directory to use]
              Uses  the  apt  configuration  file  found in the specified directory as the chroot
              configuration.  /etc/apt is one example, so that  the  same  configuration  can  be
              used inside the chroot.

              This option overrides other options, and may cause some inconsistency problems.

       --timeout [timeout in sleep time]
              Time out building after sleeping set time.  Specify something like --timeout 10h in
              the command line.  Default is no timeout.

              Not using base.tgz for  operation.   The  --buildplace  will  not  be  deleted  and
              reconstructed  from  a .tar.gz file.  Also, pbuilder will not add its process ID to
              the --buildplace as it usually would.

              Useful when experimenting with chroots, or trying to create chroots outside control
              of pbuilder.

              Program  to  use for compression and decompression of the base.tgz.  The default is
              to use gzip, and any program that can be used for the --use-compress-program option
              of tar can be given.

              If set to "pigz", compression and decompression is gzip compatible but will use all
              available CPUs.

              Build the package twice in a row.  Useful to ensure the package cleans up properly.
              The resulting packages are the ones from the second build.

              Do  not clean the --buildplace if it has the same contents as the .tar.gz file, and
              no modifications are done.

              For preserving the build place for  --create  and  --update  targets,  see  --debug

              As with --no-targz, suppresses appending pbuilder's process ID to the --buildplace.

              This  is  useful  if  you  want  to  attempt  to  build  a large number of packages
              successively, but you expect that many of them cannot have their build dependencies

              It will clean up the build place on failure, or after a successful build.


              Turn  on  Debug  mode  of  pbuilder,  to  be verbose about errors, and try to avoid
              cleanup processing when error happens in --update and --create targets.

       --inputfile filename

              Add extra file to be copied to /tmp/buildd inside the build environment.

              available in --build and --login and --execute targets.


              The system-wide configuration file for pbuilder.

              The default settings for pbuilder, used as fallback for  all  values  that  is  not
              specified in /etc/pbuilderrc.

              The personal configuration file for pbuilder, which overrides settings set in other
              configuration files.

              Note that ${HOME} is usually /root (if you are running pbuilder through sudo).


       pbuilder --create

              # pbuilder --create
              Distribution is sid.
              Building the build environment
               -> running debootstrap
              I: Retrieving Release
              I: Retrieving Packages
              I: Validating Packages

       pbuilder --update

              # pbuilder --update
              W: /home/dancer/.pbuilderrc does not exist
              Building the build Environment
               -> extracting base tarball [/var/cache/pbuilder/base.tgz]

       pbuilder --build

              # pbuilder --build dsh_*.dsc
              I: using fakeroot in build.
              Current time: Sat Jan 20 12:03:34 JST 2007
              pbuilder-time-stamp: 1169262214
              Building the build Environment
               -> extracting base tarball [/home/dancer/DEBIAN/pbuilder/pbuilder/testsuite/tmp.FeeAX18779/testimage]
               -> creating local configuration


       This program is starting to have too many options already.


       Initial coding, and main maintenance is done by Junichi Uekawa <>.   User
       hooks code added by Dale Amon <>

       The homepage is available at


       /usr/share/doc/pbuilder/pbuilder-doc.html, pdebuild(1), pbuilderrc(5)