Provided by: xpdf_3.04-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       xpdf - Portable Document Format (PDF) file viewer for X (version 3.04)

SYNOPSIS

       xpdf [options] [PDF-file [page | +dest]]

DESCRIPTION

       Xpdf is a viewer for Portable Document Format (PDF) files.  (These are also sometimes also
       called 'Acrobat' files, from the name of Adobe's PDF software.)  Xpdf  runs  under  the  X
       Window System on UNIX, VMS, and OS/2.

       To run xpdf, simply type:

              xpdf file.pdf

       where file.pdf is your PDF file.  The file name can be followed by a number specifying the
       page which should be displayed first, e.g.:

              xpdf file.pdf 18

       You can also give a named destination, prefixed with '+' in  place  of  the  page  number.
       (This is only useful with PDF files that provide named destination targets.)

       You can also start xpdf without opening any files:

              xpdf

       Various compressed formats (gz, bz2, xz, and Z) are also supported, for example::

              xpdf file.pdf.gz

CONFIGURATION FILE

       Xpdf  reads  a  configuration  file at startup.  It first tries to find the user's private
       config file, ~/.xpdfrc.  If that doesn't exist, it looks for a  system-wide  config  file,
       /etc/xpdf/xpdfrc.  See the xpdfrc(5) man page for details.

OPTIONS

       Many  of the following options can be set with configuration file commands or X resources.
       These are listed in square brackets with the description of the corresponding command line
       option.

       -g geometry
              Set  the  initial  window  geometry.   (-geometry  is  equivalent.)   [X  resource:
              Xpdf.geometry]

       -title title
              Set the window title.  By default, the title will be "xpdf: foo.pdf".  [X resource:
              Xpdf.title]

       -cmap  Install  a  private  colormap.  This is ignored on TrueColor visuals.  [X resource:
              Xpdf.installCmap]

       -rgb number
              Set the size of largest RGB cube xpdf will try to allocate.  The default is 5  (for
              a  5x5x5  cube);  set to a smaller number to conserve color table entries.  This is
              ignored  with  private  colormaps  and  on   TrueColor   visuals.    [X   resource:
              Xpdf.rgbCubeSize]

       -rv    Set  reverse video mode.  This reverses the colors of everything except images.  It
              may not always produce great results for PDF  files  which  do  weird  things  with
              color.   This  also  causes  the  paper  color  to  default to black.  [X resource:
              Xpdf.reverseVideo]

       -papercolor color
              Set the "paper color", i.e., the background of the page  display.   This  will  not
              work  too well with PDF files that do things like filling in white behind the text.
              [X resource: Xpdf.paperColor]

       -mattecolor color
              Set the matte color, i.e., the color used for background outside  the  actual  page
              area.   (There  is  a  separate setting, Xpdf.fullScreenMatteColor, for full-screen
              mode.)  [X resource: Xpdf.matteColor]

       -z zoom
              Set the initial zoom factor.  A number specifies a zoom percentage, where 100 means
              72  dpi.   You  may  also  specify  ´page',  to fit the page to the window size, or
              ´width', to fit the page width to the window width, or ´height', to  fit  the  page
              height   to   the   window   height  [config  file:  initialZoom;  or  X  resource:
              Xpdf.initialZoom]

       -cont  Start in continuous view mode, i.e., with one vertical scroll  bar  for  the  whole
              document.  [config file: continuousView]

       -freetype yes | no
              Enable or disable FreeType (a TrueType / Type 1 font rasterizer).  This defaults to
              "yes".  [config file: enableFreeType]

       -aa yes | no
              Enable or disable font anti-aliasing.   This  defaults  to  "yes".   [config  file:
              antialias]

       -aaVector yes | no
              Enable  or  disable  vector  anti-aliasing.  This defaults to "yes".  [config file:
              vectorAntialias]

       -ps PS-file
              Set the default file name for PostScript output (i.e., the name which  will  appear
              in the print dialog).  This can also be of the form [config file: psFile]

       -paper size
              Set  the  paper  size to one of "letter", "legal", "A4", or "A3".  This can also be
              set to "match", which will set the paper size to match the size  specified  in  the
              PDF file.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -paperw size
              Set the paper width, in points.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -paperh size
              Set the paper height, in points.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -level1
              Generate  Level 1 PostScript.  The resulting PostScript files will be significantly
              larger (if they contain images), but will print on Level  1  printers.   This  also
              converts all images to black and white.  [config file: psLevel]

       -enc encoding-name
              Sets  the  encoding to use for text output.  The encoding-name must be defined with
              the unicodeMap command (see xpdfrc(5)).  This defaults  to  "Latin1"  (which  is  a
              built-in encoding).  [config file: textEncoding]

       -eol unix | dos | mac
              Sets the end-of-line convention to use for text output.  [config file: textEOL]

       -opw password
              Specify  the  owner  password  for  the  PDF  file.  Providing this will bypass all
              security restrictions.

       -upw password
              Specify the user password for the PDF file.

       -fullscreen
              Open xpdf in full-screen mode, useful for presentations.

       -remote name
              Start/contact xpdf remote server with specified name (see the  REMOTE  SERVER  MODE
              section below).

       -exec command
              Execute  a command (see the COMMANDS section below) in an xpdf remote server window
              (with -remote only).

       -reload
              Reload xpdf remote server window (with -remote only).

       -raise Raise xpdf remote server window (with -remote only).

       -quit  Kill xpdf remote server (with -remote only).

       -cmd   Print  commands  as  they're  executed  (useful  for  debugging).   [config   file:
              printCommands]

       -q     Don't print any messages or errors.  [config file: errQuiet]

       -cfg config-file
              Read config-file in place of ~/.xpdfrc or the system-wide config file.

       -v     Print copyright and version information.

       -h     Print usage information.  (-help and --help are equivalent.)

       -m file1 file2 ...
              Open  multiple  pdf  files:  file1  file2  ...   etc.   NOTE:  The list of files is
              terminated once an argument starting with a dash is encountered.  In order to  view
              file  names  starting  with  a  dash,  simply append "./".  -m may be used multiple
              times.

       Several other standard X options and resources will work as expected:

       -display display
              [X resource: Xpdf.display]

       -fg color
              (-foreground is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*Foreground]

       -bg color
              (-background is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*Background]

       -font font
              (-fn is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*fontList]

       The color and font options only affect the user interface elements, not  the  PDF  display
       (the 'paper').

       The following X resources do not have command line option equivalents:

       Xpdf.toolTipEnable
              Enables (if set to true) or disables (if set to false) the tool-tips on the toolbar
              buttons.

       Xpdf.fullScreenMatteColor
              Sets the matte color to be used  in  full-screen  mode.   The  default  setting  is
              "black".

CONTROLS

   On-screen controls, at the bottom of the xpdf window
       left/right arrow buttons
              Move to the previous/next page.

       double left/right arrow buttons
              Move backward or forward by ten pages.

       dashed left/right arrow buttons
              Move backward or forward along the history path.

       'Page' entry box
              Move  to  a  specific  page number.  Click in the box to activate it, type the page
              number, then hit return.

       zoom popup menu
              Change the zoom factor (see the description of the -z option above).

       binoculars button
              Find a text string.

       print button
              Bring up a dialog for generating a PostScript file.  The dialog has options to  set
              the pages to be printed and the PostScript file name.  The file name can be '-' for
              stdout or '|command' to pipe the PostScript through a command, e.g., '|lpr'.

       '?' button
              Bring up the 'about xpdf' window.

       link info
              The space between the '?' and 'Quit' buttons is used to show the  URL  or  external
              file name when the mouse is over a link.

       'Quit' button
              Quit xpdf.

   Menu
       Pressing the right mouse button will post a popup menu with the following commands:

       Open...
              Open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       Open in new window...
              Create a new window and open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       Reload Reload the current PDF file.  Note that Xpdf will reload the file automatically (on
              a page change or redraw) if it has changed since it was last loaded.

       Save as...
              Save the current file via a file requester.

       Continuous view
              Toggles between single page and continuous view modes.

       Rotate counterclockwise
              Rotate the page 90 degrees counterclockwise.

       Rotate clockwise
              Rotate the page 90  degrees  clockwise.   The  two  rotate  commands  are  intended
              primarily for PDF files where the rotation isn't correctly specified in the file.

       Zoom to selection
              Zoom in to the currently selected rectangle.

       Close  Close the current window.  If this is the only open window, the document is closed,
              but the window is left open (i.e., this menu command won't quit xpdf).

       Quit   Quit xpdf.

   Outline
       If the PDF contains an outline (a.k.a., bookmarks), there will be an outline pane  on  the
       left  side  of  the  window.   The width of the outline pane is adjustable with a vertical
       split bar via the knob near its bottom end.

   Text selection
       Dragging the mouse with the left button held down will highlight an  arbitrary  rectangle.
       Any text inside this rectangle will be copied to the X selection buffer.

   Links
       Clicking  on  a  hyperlink  will  jump  to  the link's destination.  A link to another PDF
       document will make xpdf load that document.  A 'launch' link to an executable program will
       display  a dialog, and if you click 'ok', execute the program.  URL links call an external
       command (see the WEB BROWSERS section below).

   Panning
       Dragging the mouse with the middle button held down pans the window.

   Key bindings
       o      Open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       r      Reload the current PDF file.  Note that Xpdf will reload the file automatically (on
              a page change or redraw) if it has changed since it was last loaded.

       control-L
              Redraw the current page.

       control-W
              Close the current window.

       f or control-F
              Find a text string.

       control-G
              Find next occurrence.

       control-P
              Print.

       n      Move  to  the  next  page.   Scrolls  to the top of the page, unless scroll lock is
              turned on.

       p      Move to the previous page.  Scrolls to the top of the page, unless scroll  lock  is
              turned on.

       <Space> or <PageDown> or <Next>
              Scroll down on the current page; if already at bottom, move to next page.

       <Backspace> or <Delete> or <PageUp> or <Previous>
              Scroll up on the current page; if already at top, move to previous page.

       v      Move forward along the history path.

       b      Move backward along the history path.

       <Home> Scroll to top of current page.

       <End>  Scroll to bottom of current page.

       control-<Home>
              Scroll to first page of document.

       control-<End>
              Scroll to last page of document.

       arrows Scroll the current page.

       g      Activate the page number text field ("goto page").

       0      Set the zoom factor to 125%.

       +      Zoom in (increment the zoom factor by 1).

       -      Zoom out (decrement the zoom factor by 1).

       z      Set the zoom factor to 'page' (fit page to window).

       w      Set the zoom factor to 'width' (fit page width to window).

       h      Set the zoom factor to 'height' (fit page height to window).

       alt-F  Toggle full-screen mode.

       q      Quit xpdf.

WEB BROWSERS

       If  you  want  to  run  xpdf  automatically  from  netscape  or mosaic (and probably other
       browsers) when you click on a link to a PDF file, you need to edit (or create)  the  files
       .mime.types and .mailcap in your home directory.  In .mime.types add the line:

              application/pdf pdf

       In .mailcap add the lines:

              # Use xpdf to view PDF files.
              application/pdf; xpdf -q %s

       Make sure that xpdf is on your executable search path.

       When you click on a URL link in a PDF file, xpdf will execute the command specified by the
       urlCommand config file option, replacing an occurrence of '%s' with the URL.  For example,
       to call netscape with the URL, add this line to your config file:

              urlCommand "netscape -remote 'openURL(%s)'"

COMMANDS

       Xpdf's  key and mouse bindings are user-configurable, using the bind and unbind options in
       the config file (see xpdfrc(5)).  The bind command allows you  to  bind  a  key  or  mouse
       button to a sequence of one or more commands.

   Available Commands
       The following commands are supported:

       gotoPage(page)
              Go to the specified page.

       gotoPageNoScroll(page)
              Go to the specified page, with the current relative scroll position.

       gotoDest(dest)
              Go to a named destination.

       gotoLastPage
              Go to the last page in the PDF file.

       gotoLastPageNoScroll
              Go to the last page in the PDF file, with the current relative scroll position.

       nextPage
              Go to the next page.

       nextPageNoScroll
              Go to the next page, with the current relative scroll position.

       prevPage
              Go to the previous page.

       prevPageNoScroll
              Go to the previous page, with the current relative scroll position.

       pageUp Scroll up by one screenful.

       pageDown
              Scroll down by one screenful.

       scrollLeft(n)
              Scroll left by n pixels.

       scrollRight(n)
              Scroll right by n pixels.

       scrollUp(n)
              Scroll up by n pixels.

       scrollDown(n)
              Scroll down by n pixels.

       scrollUpPrevPage(n)
              Scroll up by n pixels, moving to the previous page if appropriate.

       scrollDownPrevPage(n)
              Scroll down by n pixels, moving to the next page if appropriate.

       scrollToTopEdge
              Scroll to the top edge of the current page, with no horizontal movement.

       scrollToBottomEdge
              Scroll to the bottom edge of the current page, with no horizontal movement.

       scrollToLeftEdge
              Scroll to the left edge of the current page, with no vertical movement.

       scrollToRightEdge
              Scroll to the right edge of the current page, with no vertical movement.

       scrollToTopLeft
              Scroll to the top-left corner of the current page.

       scrollToBottomRight
              Scroll to the bottom-right corner of the current page.

       goForward
              Move forward along the history path.

       goBackward
              Move backward along the history path.

       zoomPercent(z)
              Set the zoom factor to z%.

       zoomFitPage
              Set the zoom factor to fit-page.

       zoomFitWidth
              Set the zoom factor to fit-width.

       zoomFitHeight
              Set the zoom factor to fit-height.

       zoomIn Zoom in - go to the next higher zoom factor.

       zoomOut
              Zoom out - go the next lower zoom factor.

       rotateCW
              Rotate the page 90 degrees clockwise.

       rotateCCW
              Rotate the page 90 degrees counterclockwise.

       setSelection(pg,ulx,uly,lrx,lry)
              Set the selection to the specified coordinates on the specified page.

       continuousMode
              Go to continuous view mode.

       singlePageMode
              Go to single-page view mode.

       toggleContinuousMode
              Toggle between continuous and single page view modes.

       fullScreenMode
              Go to full-screen mode.

       windowMode
              Go to window (non-full-screen) mode.

       toggleFullScreenMode
              Toggle between full-screen and window modes.

       open   Open a PDF file in this window, using the open dialog.

       openInNewWin
              Open a PDF file in a new window, using the open dialog.

       openFile(file)
              Open a specified PDF file in this window.

       openFileInNewWin(file)
              Open a specified PDF file in a new window.

       openFileAtDest(file,dest)
              Open a specified PDF file in this window and go to a named destination.

       openFileAtDestInNewWin(file,dest)
              Open a specified PDF file in a new window and go to a named destination.

       reload Reload the current PDF file.

       redraw Redraw the window.

       raise  Raise the window to the front.

       closeWindow
              Close  the  window.   If this was the last open window, clear the window, but don't
              quit from Xpdf.

       closeWindowOrQuit
              Close the window.  If this was the last open window, quit from Xpdf.

       run(external-command-string)
              Run an external command.  The following escapes are allowed in the command string:

                  %f => PDF file name (or an empty string if no
                        file is open)
                  %b => PDF file base name, i.e., file name minus
                        the extension (or an empty string if no
                        file is open)
                  %u => link URL (or an empty string if not over
                        a URL link)
                  %p => current page number (or an empty string if
                        no file is open)
                  %x => selection upper-left x coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %y => selection upper-left y coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %X => selection lower-right x coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %Y => selection lower-right y coordinate
                        (or 0 if there is no selection)
                  %i => page containing the mouse pointer
                  %j => x coordinate of the mouse pointer
                  %k => y coordinate of the mouse pointer
                  %% => %

              The external command string will often contain spaces, so the whole command must be
              quoted in the xpdfrc file:

                  bind x "run(ls -l)"

       openOutline
              Open the outline pane.

       closeOutline
              Close the outline pane.

       toggleOutline
              Toggle the outline pane between open and closed.

       scrollOutlineDown(n)
              Scroll the outline down by n increments.

       scrollOutlineUp(n)
              Scroll the outline up by n increments.

       focusToDocWin
              Set the keyboard focus to the main document window.

       focusToPageNum
              Set the keyboard focus to the page number text box.

       find   Open the 'find' dialog.

       findNext
              Finds the next occurrence of the search string (no dialog).

       print  Open the 'print' dialog.

       about  Open the 'about' dialog.

       quit   Quit from xpdf.

       The following commands depend on the current mouse position:

       startSelection
              Start a selection, which will be extended as the mouse moves.

       endSelection
              End a selection.

       startPan
              Start a pan, which will scroll the document as the mouse moves

       endPan End a pan.

       postPopupMenu
              Display the popup menu.

       followLink
              Follow a hyperlink (does nothing if the mouse is not over a link).

       followLinkInNewWin
              Follow a hyperlink, opening PDF files in a new window (does nothing if the mouse is
              not over a link).  For links  to  non-PDF  files,  this  command  is  identical  to
              followLink.

       followLinkNoSel
              Same  as  followLink, but does nothing if there is a non-empty selection.  (This is
              useful as a mouse button binding.)

       followLinkInNewWinNoSel
              Same as followLinkInNewWin, but does nothing if there  is  a  non-empty  selection.
              (This is useful as a mouse button binding.)

   Default Bindings
       The default mouse bindings are as follows:

           bind mousePress1    any         startSelection
           bind mouseRelease1  any         endSelection followLinkNoSel
           bind mousePress2    any         startPan
           bind mouseRelease2  any         endPan
           bind mousePress3    any         postPopupMenu
           bind mousePress4    any         scrollUpPrevPage(16)
           bind mousePress5    any         scrollDownNextPage(16)
           bind mousePress6    any         scrollLeft(16)
           bind mousePress7    any         scrollRight(16)

       The default key bindings are as follows:

           bind ctrl-home      any         gotoPage(1)
           bind home           any         scrollToTopLeft
           bind ctrl-end       any         gotoLastPage
           bind end            any         scrollToBottomRight
           bind pgup           any         pageUp
           bind backspace      any         pageUp
           bind delete         any         pageUp
           bind pgdn           any         pageDown
           bind space          any         pageDown
           bind left           any         scrollLeft(16)
           bind right          any         scrollRight(16)
           bind up             any         scrollUp(16)
           bind down           any         scrollDown(16)
           bind o              any         open
           bind O              any         open
           bind r              any         reload
           bind R              any         reload
           bind f              any         find
           bind F              any         find
           bind ctrl-f         any         find
           bind ctrl-g         any         findNext
           bind ctrl-p         any         print
           bind n              scrLockOff  nextPage
           bind N              scrLockOff  nextPage
           bind n              scrLockOn   nextPageNoScroll
           bind N              scrLockOn   nextPageNoScroll
           bind p              scrLockOff  prevPage
           bind P              scrLockOff  prevPage
           bind p              scrLockOn   prevPageNoScroll
           bind P              scrLockOn   prevPageNoScroll
           bind v              any         goForward
           bind b              any         goBackward
           bind g              any         focusToPageNum
           bind 0              any         zoomPercent(125)
           bind +              any         zoomIn
           bind -              any         zoomOut
           bind z              any         zoomFitPage
           bind w              any         zoomFitWidth
           bind h              any         zoomFitHeight
           bind alt-f          any         toggleFullScreenMode
           bind ctrl-l         any         redraw
           bind ctrl-w         any         closeWindowOrQuit
           bind ?              any         about
           bind q              any         quit
           bind Q              any         quit

       Previous  versions of xpdf included a "viKeys" X resource.  It is no longer available, but
       the following bindings are equivalent:

           bind h any scrollLeft(16)
           bind l any scrollRight(16)
           bind k any scrollUp(16)
           bind j any scrollDown(16)

REMOTE SERVER MODE

       Xpdf can be started in remote server mode by specifying a server name (in addition to  the
       file name and page number).  For example:

              xpdf -remote myServer file.pdf

       If  there is currently no xpdf running in server mode with the name 'myServer', a new xpdf
       window will be opened.  If another command:

              xpdf -remote myServer another.pdf 9

       is issued, a new copy of xpdf will not be started.  Instead, the first xpdf  (the  server)
       will load another.pdf and display page nine.  If the file name is the same:

              xpdf -remote myServer another.pdf 4

       the xpdf server will simply display the specified page.

       The  -raise  option  tells  the  server  to  raise its window; it can be specified with or
       without a file name and page number.

       The -quit option tells the server to close its window and exit.

EXIT CODES

       The Xpdf tools use the following exit codes:

       0      No error.

       1      Error opening a PDF file.

       2      Error opening an output file.

       3      Error related to PDF permissions.

       99     Other error.

AUTHOR

       The xpdf software and documentation are copyright 1996-2014 Glyph & Cog, LLC.

SEE ALSO

       pdftops(1),   pdftotext(1),   pdftohtml(1),   pdfinfo(1),    pdffonts(1),    pdfdetach(1),
       pdftoppm(1), pdftopng(1), pdfimages(1), xpdfrc(5)
       http://www.foolabs.com/xpdf/

                                           28 May 2014                                    xpdf(1)