Provided by: libsystemd-dev_229-4ubuntu4_amd64 bug

NAME

       sd_journal_add_match, sd_journal_add_disjunction, sd_journal_add_conjunction,
       sd_journal_flush_matches - Add or remove entry matches

SYNOPSIS

       #include <systemd/sd-journal.h>

       int sd_journal_add_match(sd_journal *j, const void *data, size_t size);

       int sd_journal_add_disjunction(sd_journal *j);

       int sd_journal_add_conjunction(sd_journal *j);

       void sd_journal_flush_matches(sd_journal *j);

DESCRIPTION

       sd_journal_add_match() adds a match by which to filter the entries of the journal file.
       Matches applied with this call will filter what can be iterated through and read from the
       journal file via calls like sd_journal_next(3) and sd_journal_get_data(3). Matches are of
       the form "FIELD=value", where the field part is a short uppercase string consisting only
       of 0–9, A–Z and the underscore. It may not begin with two underscores or be the empty
       string. The value part may be any value, including binary. If a match is applied, only
       entries with this field set will be iterated. Multiple matches may be active at the same
       time: If they apply to different fields, only entries with both fields set like this will
       be iterated. If they apply to the same fields, only entries where the field takes one of
       the specified values will be iterated. Well known fields are documented in
       systemd.journal-fields(7). Whenever a new match is added the current entry position is
       reset, and sd_journal_next(3) (or a similar call) needs to be called before entries can be
       read again.

       sd_journal_add_disjunction() may be used to insert a disjunction (i.e. logical OR) in the
       match list. If this call is invoked, all previously added matches since the last
       invocation of sd_journal_add_disjunction() or sd_journal_add_conjunction() are combined in
       an OR with all matches added afterwards, until sd_journal_add_disjunction() or
       sd_journal_add_conjunction() is invoked again to begin the next OR or AND term.

       sd_journal_add_conjunction() may be used to insert a conjunction (i.e. logical AND) in the
       match list. If this call is invoked, all previously added matches since the last
       invocation of sd_journal_add_conjunction() are combined in an AND with all matches added
       afterwards, until sd_journal_add_conjunction() is invoked again to begin the next AND
       term. The combination of sd_journal_add_match(), sd_journal_add_disjunction() and
       sd_journal_add_conjunction() may be used to build complex search terms, even though full
       logical expressions are not available. Note that sd_journal_add_conjunction() operates one
       level 'higher' than sd_journal_add_disjunction(). It is hence possible to build an
       expression of AND terms, consisting of OR terms, consisting of AND terms, consisting of OR
       terms of matches (the latter OR expression is implicitly created for matches with the same
       field name, see above).

       sd_journal_flush_matches() may be used to flush all matches, disjunction and conjunction
       terms again. After this call all filtering is removed and all entries in the journal will
       be iterated again.

       Note that filtering via matches only applies to the way the journal is read, it has no
       effect on storage on disk.

RETURN VALUE

       sd_journal_add_match(), sd_journal_add_disjunction() and sd_journal_add_conjunction()
       return 0 on success or a negative errno-style error code.  sd_journal_flush_matches()
       returns nothing.

NOTES

       The sd_journal_add_match(), sd_journal_add_disjunction(), sd_journal_add_conjunction() and
       sd_journal_flush_matches() interfaces are available as a shared library, which can be
       compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

EXAMPLES

       The following example adds matches to a journal context object to iterate only through
       messages generated by the Avahi service at the four error log levels, plus all messages of
       the message ID 03bb1dab98ab4ecfbf6fff2738bdd964 coming from any service (this example
       lacks the necessary error checking):

           ...
           int add_matches(sd_journal *j) {
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "_SYSTEMD_UNIT=avahi-daemon.service", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=0", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=1", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=2", 0);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "PRIORITY=3", 0);
             sd_journal_add_disjunction(j);
             sd_journal_add_match(j, "MESSAGE_ID=03bb1dab98ab4ecfbf6fff2738bdd964", 0);
           }

SEE ALSO

       systemd(1), sd-journal(3), sd_journal_open(3), sd_journal_next(3), sd_journal_get_data(3),
       systemd.journal-fields(7)