Provided by: timidity_2.13.2-41_amd64 bug


       TiMidity++ - MIDI-to-WAVE converter and player


       timidity [options] filename [...]


       TiMidity++  is  a  converter that converts some of MIDI files (supported formats: Standard
       MIDI files (*.mid), Recomposer  files  (*.rcp,  *.r36,  *.g18,  *.g36)  and  Module  files
       (*.mod))   into   formatted   audio  files  (e.g.  RIFF  WAVE).   TiMidity++  uses  Gravis
       Ultrasound-compatible patch files or Soundfonts (*.sfx, *.sf2) to generate  digital  audio
       data  from  MIDI files.  The digital audio data generated by TiMidity++ can be stored in a
       file for processing, or played in real time through an audio device.
       In real time playing, TiMidity++ can show the lyrics contained in KAR or WRD files.


       You can use the following expressions as the filename argument:

       -      Read a MIDI file from standard input.

              Read a MIDI file from the specified path on a filesystem.

              Read and play all MIDI files in the specified directory.  For example,

              % timidity some/where/

              plays all files in the directory some/where/.

       Archive File
              Extract and play the file(s) in the archive.  If you want to specify a certain MIDI
              file  in  the archive, append #<MIDI-filename> to the archive name.  The path after
              `#' allows the use of the wildcard expressions (case insensitive).
              You can use escape sequence \xHH, where `HH'  is  a  ASCII  number  in  hexadecimal

              For example:

              % timidity
                     Plays file.mid in

              % timidity file.lzh#*.mid
                     Plays any files that match the wildcard expression *.mid in file.lzh

              % timidity file.tgz#*
                     This expression is the same as file.tgz

              Since  these  mechanism are contained in TiMidity++ itself, you can use this syntax
              even in the MS Windows environment.

              TiMidity++ can handle the following archive formats:

              tar (*.tar)

              tar+gzip (*.tar.gz, *.tgz)

              zip (*.zip)

              lzh (*.lzh, *.lha)
                     (lh0, lh1, lh2, lh3, lh4, lh5, lh6, lz4, lzs and lz5 are available)

              Other archives can be expanded if expander command  is  specified  on  the  compile
              phase.  TiMidity++ will pipe that command.

              Play  the MIDI file in the specified article on the news server.  If a newsgroup is
              specified TiMidity++ plays all MIDI files found  in  any  article  posted  to  that
              TiMidity++  parses  MIME  Multi-part  messages in case of news://* scheme, extracts
              MIDI file that was post to  that  group,  or  in  case  of  normal  file,  you  can
              explicitly  handle  MIME  documents  by  naming that file with *.mime extension, or
              prefix that file with mime:

              The following MIME-types are allowed:

              uu-encoded file
                     is required

              base64 encoded
                     Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
                     is required

                     Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-string
                     is required

              Mac BinHex format
                     only HQX format is available

              Play the file specified in the URL.

              For example:

              % timidity
                     plays the specified MIDI-file directly from the network.

              If these expression are used in the *.cfg files, you can even use patch-files  (and
              others) from remote machines.


       TiMidity++ can handle the following file formats:

       .mid, .rmi (Format 0, 1, 2)
              Standard MIDI File

       .rcp, .r36, .g18, .g36 (Recomposer formats)
              Recomposer format which is product for COME ON MUSIC co.

       .mfi (MFi Version 3 - Melody Format for i-Mode)
              i-Mode is Japanese local mobile phone

       .kar (Karaoke format)
              Displays the lyrics as a Lyric Meta Event message.

       .mod, mod.* (Module file)

       .wrd (WRD format)


       The following command line options are accepted by TiMidity++:

       -A [n][,m](a)
              Multiplies  the  master  volume by n%.  Default value is 70%.  Higher amplification
              makes louder sounds.  You can specify the drum power, ratio of drum volume from the
              other  channels.   The  allowed  values of amplification range from 0 (no sound) to
              Optionally  to  put   `a'   character   along   with   -a   option,   or   to   use
              --volume-compensation,  instructs  TiMidity++  to  regularize  the volume.  You can
              easily gain dynamic range.

              For example:

              -A90   volume 90%, drum power 100%, compensation is off

              -A,120 volume 70%, drum power 120%, compensation is off

                     volume 90%, drum power 120%, compensation is off

              -Aa    volume 70%, drum power 100%, compensation is on

              -A90a  volume 90%, drum power 100%, compensation is on

                     volume 70%, drum power 120%, compensation is on

                     volume 90%, drum power 120%, compensation is on

       -a, --[no-]anti-alias
              Turns on anti-aliasing.  Samples are run through a lowpass filter  before  playing,
              which reduces aliasing noise at low resampling frequencies.

       -B n,m, --buffer-fragments=n,m
              For  the  Linux/FreeBSD/OSS/ALSA/Windows sound driver, selects the number of buffer
              fragments in interactive mode.  Increasing  the  number  of  fragments  may  reduce
              choppiness  when  many  processes  are  running.   It  will make TiMidity++ seem to
              respond sluggishly to fast forward, rewind, and volume controls, and it will  throw
              the  status  display  off sync.  Specify a fragments number of 0 to use the maximum
              number of fragments available.

       -C n, --control-ratio=n
              Sets the ratio of sampling and control  frequencies.   This  determines  how  often
              envelopes  are  recalculated  -- small ratios yield better quality but use more CPU

       -c file, --config-file=file
              Reads an extra configuration file.

       -D n, --drum-channel=n
              Marks channel as a drum channel.  If channel is negative, channel -n is  marked  as
              an instrumental channel.  If n is 0, all channels are marked as instrumental.

       -d dir, --interface-path=dir
              Specifies the directory containing installed dynamic-link interface modules.

       -E mode, --ext=mode
              Set TiMidity++ extend modes.  The following modes are available (capitalized switch
              means disable this feature):

              w/W, --[no-]mod-wheel
                     Enable/disable modulation controlling.

              p/P, --[no-]portamento
                     Enable/disable portamento controlling.

              v/V, --[no-]vibrato
                     Enable/disable NRPM vibration.

              s/S, --[no-]ch-pressure
                     Enable/disable channel pressure controlling.

              e/E, --[no-]mod-envelope
                     Enable/disable modulation envelope controlling.

              t/T, --[no-]trace-text-meta
                     Enable/disable tracing all Text Meta Events.

              o/O, --[no-]overlap-voice
                     Accept/reject pronouncing multiple same notes.

              z/Z, --[no-]temper-control
                     Enable/disable MIDI Tuning Standard temperament controlling.

              mHH, --default-mid=HH
                     Sets the manufacturer ID to HH (where HH are two hex-digits).
                     HH values of GS/gs,  XG/xg  or  GM/gm  are  understood  as  41,  43  and  7e

              MHH, --system-mid=HH
                     Sets the system manufacturer ID to HH (where HH are two hex-digits).
                     In  this option, the manufacture ID is set unchangeable. Manufacture ID from
                     the input file would be ignored.

              bn, --default-bank=n
                     Use tone bank n as the default.

              Bn, --force-bank=n
                     Sets the bank number of all channels to n.

              in[/m], --default-program=n[/m]
                     Use the program number as the default instrument.  Any Program Change events
                     in MIDI files will override this option.
                     If  n  is  followed  by  /m  the  default program number of the channel m is
                     specified by n.

              In[/m], --force-program=n[/m]
                     Similar to -Ei but this ignores all program changes.

              F args For effects.  See below.  In args option, you can specify  following  effect

                     delay=(d|l|r|b)[,msec], --delay=(d|l|r|b)[,msec]
                            Sets delay type.

                            d, 0   Disabled delay effect.

                            l, 1   Left delay.

                            r, 2   Right delay.

                            b, 3   Swap left & right.

                            Optional msec is the delay time.

                     chorus=(d|n|s)[,level], --chorus=(d|n|s)[,level]

                            d, 0   Disable this effect.

                            n, 1   Enable MIDI chorus effect control.

                            s, 2   Surround sound, chorus detuned to a lesser degree (default).

                            The optional parameter level specifies the chorus level 0 to 127.

                     reverb=(d|n|g|f|G)[,level], --reverb=(d|n|g|f|G)[,level]

                            d, 0   Disable MIDI reverb effect control.

                            n, 1   Enable  MIDI  reverb  effect  control.   This  effect  is only
                                   available in stereo.

                            g, 2   Global reverb effect.

                            f, 3   Freeverb MIDI reverb effect control (default).

                            G, 4   Global freeverb effect.

                            The optional parameter level specifies the reverb level 0 to 127.

                     vlpf=(d|c|m), --voice-lpf=(d|c|m)

                            d, 0   Disable LPF effect.

                            c, 1   Chamberlin resonant LPF (12dB/oct) (default).

                            m, 2   Moog resonant low-pass VCF (24dB/oct)

                     ns=n, --noise-shaping=n
                            Enable the n th degree noiseshaping filter.  The distortion at  decay
                            stage  is improved, but the noise on human auditory feeling increases
                            because it shifts to a high  frequency.   In  case  of  8-bit  linear
                            encoding,  valid  values  of  n are in the interval from 0 (min) to 4
                            (max).  Default value is 4.  In case of 16-bit linear encoding, valid
                            values of n are in the interval from 0 to 4.  According to the value,
                            it works as following.  Default value is 4.

                            0      No noise shaping.

                            1      Traditional noise shaping.

                            2      Overdrive-like soft-clipping + new noise shaping.

                            3      Tube-amplifier-like soft-clipping + new noise shaping.

                            4      New noise shaping.

                     resamp=(d|l|c|L|n|g), --resample=(d|l|c|L|n|g)

                            d, 0   No interpolation.

                            l, 1   Linear interpolation.

                            c, 2   Cubic spline interpolation.

                            L, 3   Lagrange method.

                            n, 4   Newton polynomial interpolation.

                            g, 5   Modified Gauss effect (default).

                            This option affects the behavior of -N option.

       -e, --evil
              Make TiMidity++ evil.  For the Win32 version, this increases the task  priority  by
              one.   It  can give better playback when you switch tasks at the expense of slowing
              all other tasks down.

       -F, --[no-]fast-panning
              Turns on fast panning to accommodate MIDI pieces that expect panning adjustments to
              affect  notes  that  are already playing.  Some files that don't expect this have a
              habit of flipping balance rapidly between left and right, which  can  cause  severe
              popping when the -F flag is used.
              In the current version of TiMidity++ this option is a toggle.

       -f, --[no-]fast-decay
              Toggles  fast  envelopes.  This option makes TiMidity++ faster but the release time
              of the notes are shortened.

       -g sec, --spectrogram=sec
              Open the Sound-Spectrogram window.  This option is  activated  if  the  system  has
              support for the X Window System.

       -H n, --force-keysig=n
              Specify  the  key  signature.  MIDI playback is transposed to the key with the same
              number of sharps (when n is positive) or flats (when n is negative).  Valid  values
              for  n range from -7 to 7.  For example, if n is 1, MIDI playback would transpose 1
              flat (i.e., F major or D minor).

       -h, --help
              Show the help message.

       -i mode, --interface=mode
              Selects the user interfaces from the compiled-in alternatives.  mode must be  begun
              with one of the supported interface identifiers.  Run TiMidity++ with the -h option
              to see a list.
              For ALSA sequencer  interface,  optionally  to  use  --realtime-priority,  set  the
              realtime  priority  by  n,  and  to use --sequencer-ports, set the number of opened
              sequencer ports.  Default value is 4.
              The following identifiers may be available:

              -id    dumb interface

              -in    ncurses interface

              -is    S-Lang interface

              -ia    X Athena Widget interface

              -ik    Tcl/Tk interface

              -im    Motif interface

              -iT    vt100 interface

              -ie    Emacs interface
                     (use ``M-x timidity'' in Emacs)

              -ii    skin interface
                     Environment variable TIMIDITY_SKIN must be set to the path of the skin  data
                     (compressed data are also supported).

              -ig    GTK+ interface

              -ir    Launch TiMidity++ as MIDI server.

              -iA    Launch TiMidity++ as ALSA sequencer client.

              -iW    Windows synthesizer interface

              -iw    Windows GUI interface

              -iP    PortMIDI synthesizer interface

              -ip    UMP interface

              Interface options
                     Option  characters  may be added immediately after the interface identifier.
                     The following options are recognized:

                     v, --verbose=n
                            Increases verbosity level.  This option is cumulative.

                     q, --quiet=n
                            Decreases verbosity level.  This option is cumulative.

                     t, --[no-]trace
                            Toggles trace mode.  In trace mode, TiMidity++  attempts  to  display
                            its  current state in real time.  For the Linux sound driver, this is
                            accomplished through the use of short DMA buffer fragments, which can
                            be tuned via the -B option.

                     l, --[no-]loop
                            Loop playing (some interfaces ignore this option)

                     r, --[no-]random
                            Randomize file list arguments before playing

                     s, --[no-]sort
                            Sort file list arguments before playing

                     D, --[no-]background
                            Daemonize TiMidity++ in background (for alsaseq only)

       -j, --[no-]realtime-load
              Enable the loading of patch files during play.

       -K n, --adjust-key=n
              Adjusts key (i.e., transposes the song) by n half tones.  Ranges from -24 to 24.

       -k msec, --voice-queue=msec
              Specify  audio queue time limit to reduce voices.  If the remaining audio buffer is
              less than msec milliseconds, TiMidity++ tries to kill some  voices.   This  feature
              makes  it  possible  to  play complicated MIDI files on slow CPUs.  Setting msec to
              zero tells TiMidity++ to never remove any voices.

       -L path, --patch-path=path
              Adds path to the library path.  Patch, configuration, and MIDI files  are  searched
              along  this  path.   Directories  added last will be searched first.  Note that the
              current directory is always searched first before the library path.

       -M name, --pcm-file=name
              TiMidity++ can play a PCM file instead of a MIDI file.  If ``auto''  is  specified,
              TiMidity++  tries  to  open  foo.mid.wav  or foo.mid.aiff when playing foo.mid.  If
              ``none'' is specified, this feature is disabled.  Otherwise just plays name.

       -m msec, --decay-time=msec
              Modify envelope volume decay time.  msec is the minimum number of  milliseconds  to
              sustain a sustained note.

              -m0    Disable sustain ramping, causes constant volume sustains (default).

              -m1    Effectively  behaves  as  if all sustains are ignored, volume ramping is the
                     same as normal stage 3.

              -m3000 A note at full volume will  decay  for  3  seconds  once  it  begins  to  be
                     sustained  (assuming  the  regular  stage 3 rate would not cause it to decay
                     even longer).  Softer notes will of course die sooner.

       -N n, --interpolation=n
              Sets interpolation parameter.  This option depends on the -EFresamp option's value.

              cspline, lagrange
                     Toggles 4-point linear interpolation (default is on).

              newton n point interpolation using Newton polynomials.  n must  be  an  odd  number
                     from 1 to 57.

              gauss  n+1  point  modified  Gauss  interpolation.  Ranges 0 (disable) to 34 (max),
                     default to 25.

              In either way, linear interpolation is used if audio queue < 99%.

       -O mode, --output-mode=mode
              Selects the output mode from the compiled-in alternatives.  mode  must  begin  with
              one of the supported output mode identifiers.  Run TiMidity++ with the -h option to
              see the list.
              Special in Ogg FLAC output mode, verifying generated data (will be a  bit  slower),
              the  size  of  header  padding  (default  is  4096), the compression level (0 to 8)
              (default is 5), and enabling OggFLAC stream  can  be  specified  by  --flac-verify,
              --flac-padding, --flac-complevel and --oggflac options respectively.
              Special in Ogg Speex output mode, the compression quality (0 to 10) (default is 8),
              Enabling VBR output, enabling ABR output and setting the ratio to n,  enabling  VAD
              (voice activity detection), enabling DTX (discontinuous transmission), the encoding
              complexity (0 to 10) (default is 3), and frames in a single Ogg packet  (0  to  10)
              (default  is  1)  can  be  specified  by --speex-quality, --speex-vbr, --speex-abr,
              --speex-vad,   --speex-dtx,   --speex-complexity   and   --speex-nframes    options
              The following identifiers are available in all versions:

              -Od    Outputs via audio device (default)

              -Os    Output to ALSA

              -Or    Generate  raw  waveform  data.   All  format  options are supported.  Common
                     formats include:

                     -OrU   u-Law

                     -Or1sl 16-bit signed linear PCM

                     -Or8ul 8-bit unsigned linear PCM

              -Ou    Generate Sun Audio (au) data

              -Oa    Generate AIFF data

              -Ow    Generate RIFF WAVE format output.  If output is directed to  a  non-seekable
                     file,  or  if  TiMidity++  is  interrupted before closing the file, the file
                     header will contain 0xffffffff in the RIFF and  data  block  length  fields.
                     The  popular  sound  conversion  utility  sox is able to read such malformed
                     files, so you can pipe data directly to sox  for  on-the-fly  conversion  to
                     other formats.

              -Ol    List MIDI events

              -OM    MOD -> MIDI conversion

              -Oe    EsounD

              -Op    PortAudio

              -Oj    JACK

              -OR    aRts

              -OA    Alib

              -Ov    Ogg Vorbis

              -OF    Ogg FLAC

              -OS    Ogg Speex

              -OO    libdao

              Format options
                     Option  characters  may  be  added  immediately after the mode identifier to
                     change the output format.  The following options are recognized:

                     S, --output-stereo

                     M, --output-mono

                     s, --output-signed
                            Signed output

                     u, --output-unsigned
                            Unsigned output

                     1, --output-16bit
                            16-bit sample width

                     2, --output-24bit
                            24-bit sample width

                     8, --output-8bit
                            8-bit sample width

                     l, --output-linear
                            Linear encoding

                     U, --output-ulaw
                            u-Law (8-bit) encoding

                     A, --output-alaw
                            A-Law encoding

                     x, --[no-]output-swab
                            Byte-swapped output

                     Note that some options have no effect  on  some  modes.   For  example,  you
                     cannot  generate  a  byte-swapped  RIFF WAVE file, or force uLaw output on a
                     Linux PCM device.

       -o file, --output-file=file
              Place output on file, which may be a file, device, or HP-UX audio server, depending
              on  the  output  mode selected with the -O option.  The special filename `-' causes
              output to be placed on stdout.

       -P file, --patch-file=file
              Use patch file for all programs.

       -p [n](a)
              Sets polyphony (maximum number of simultaneous voices) to n.
              Optionally  to  put   `a'   character   along   with   -p   option,   or   to   use
              --polyphony-reduction, instructs TiMidity++ to enable automatic polyphony reduction

       -Q n[,...](t)
              Cause channel n to be quiet.  n can carry out package specification by `,'.   If  n
              is  0,  all  channels  are  turned  off.  Continuously, specifying -n, channel n is
              turned back on.
              On the other hand, to put `t' character after -Q option  or  to  use  --temper-mute
              describes  temperament  mute.   This mutes channels of specific temperament type n.
              For preset temperament, n can range 0 to 3.  For user-defined  temperament,  n  can
              range 4 to 7.

       -q sec/n, --audio-buffer=sec/n
              Specify  audio  buffer in seconds.  sec maximum size of buffer, n percentage filled
              at the beginning (default is 5.0/100) (size of 100% equals the whole device  buffer

       -R msec
              Enables  Pseudo  Reverb  Mode.   It sets every instrument's release to msec ms.  If
              msec is 0, msec is set to 800 (default).

       -S n, --cache-size=n
              Sets the re-sample cache size to n bytes.  If n equals  0  any  sample  caches  are
              disabled.  The default value of n is 2097152 (2MB).

       -s freq, --sampling-freq=freq
              Sets  the  resampling  frequency (Hz or kHz).  Not all sound devices are capable of
              all frequencies -- an approximate frequency  may  be  selected,  depending  on  the

       -T n, --adjust-tempo=n
              Adjust tempo to n%; 120 play MOD files with an NTSC Amiga's timing.

       -t code, --output-charset=code
              Sets output coding of Japanese text.  Possible values of code are:

              auto   determined by the LANG environment variable.

              ascii  Translates non-ASCII code to period.

              nocnv  No conversion.

              1251   Convert from windows-1251 to koi8-r.

              euc    Outputs EUC (Japan) coding.

              jis    Outputs JIS coding.

              sjis   Outputs SJIS coding.

       -U, --[no-]unload-instruments
              Unload  all  instruments  from  memory  between MIDI files.  This can reduce memory
              requirements when playing many files in succession.

       -V power, --volume-curve=power
              Set the power of volume curve.  The total amplification  becomes  volume^power.   0
              (default)  uses  the regular tables.  Any non-zero value causes all midi to use the
              new user defined velocity/volume/expression curve (linear: 1,  ideal:  ~1.661,  GS:

       -v, --version
              Show the version string

       -W mode, --wrd=mode
              Play WRD file.

              Allowed values of mode are:

              x      X Window System mode

              w      Windows console mode

              t      TTY mode

              d      Dumb mode (outputs WRD events directory)

              -      do not trace WRD

                     Sets WRD options:

                            Sets the WRD options.  an is the name of option and bn is the value.

                     d=n    Emulates  timing  (@WAIT,  @WMODE) bugs of the original MIMPI player.
                            The emulation levels are:

                            -WRd=0 do not emulate any bugs of MIMPI

                            -WRd=1 only emulate some bugs (default)

                            -WRd=2 emulate all known bugs

                     F=file Use file as WRD file only no file matching *.wrd is found.

                     f=file Uses file as WRD file.

              WRD mode must also use trace mode (option -i?t) or the timing  of  the  WRD  events
              will be terrible.

       -w mode, --rcpcv-dll=mode
              Extended mode for MS Windows.  The following options are available:

              -w r   Use rcpcv.dll to play RCP/R36 files.

              -w R   Do not use rcpcv.dll (default).

       -x str, --config-string=str
              Configure TiMidity++ with str.  The format of str is the same as timidity.cfg.

              For example:
              -x'bank 0\n0 violin.pat'
              Sets the instrument number 0 to violin.
              Character  `\'  (Ascii  0x5c)  in  the str is treated as escape character like in C
              literals.  For example \n is treated as carriage return.

       -Z file, --freq-table=file
              Cause the table of frequencies to be read from file.  This is useful  to  define  a
              tuning  different  from 12-equal temperament.  If ``pure'' is specified, TiMidity++
              plays in trial pure intonation.

              -Zpure[n(m)], --pure-intonation=[n(m)]
                     Play in trial pure intonation by Key Signature meta-event in the MIDI  file.
                     You  can  specify the initial keysig by hand, in case the MIDI file does not
                     contains the meta-event.  Optionally, n is the number of key signature.   In
                     case of sharp, n is positive.  In case of flat, n is negative.  Valid values
                     of n are in the interval from -7 to 7.  In case of minor  mode,  you  should
                     put `m' character along with -Zpure option.

              Simulate  behavior  of  specific  synthesizer  module as much as possible.  For the
              moment, the value of n defined is as follows:

              0      TiMidity++ Default

              1      Roland SC-55

              2      Roland SC-88

              3      Roland SC-88Pro

              4      Roland SC-8850

              5-15   Reserved for GS family

              16     YAMAHA MU-50

              17     YAMAHA MU-80

              18     YAMAHA MU-90

              19     YAMAHA MU-100

              20-31  Reserved for XG family

              32     SoundBlaster Live!

              33     SoundBlaster Audigy

              34-111 Reserved for other synthesizer modules

              112    TiMidity++ Special 1

                     Reserved for TiMidity++ specification purposes

              127    TiMidity++ Debug


       sf2text(1), timidity.cfg(5)


       Copyright (C) 1999-2004 Masanao Izumo <>
       Copyright (C) 1995 Tuukka Toivonen <>

       The original version was developed by Tuukka Toivonen <>  until  the  release  of
       TiMidity-0.2i.  His development was discontinued because of his being busy with work.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as  published  by  the  Free  Software  Foundation;  either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This  program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite  330,  Boston,
       MA 02111-1307 USA


       The latest release is available on the TiMidity++ Page,



       Eats more CPU time than a small CPU-time-eating animal.

       This man page was translated from Japanese to English by me with poor English skill :-)


       Version 0.2i and earlier:
              Tuukka Toivonen <>
              Vincent Pagel <>
              Takashi Iwai <>
              Davide Moretti <>
              Chi Ming HUNG <>
              Riccardo Facchetti <>

              IZUMO Masanao <>
              HARADA Tomokazu <>
              YAMATE Keiichirou <>
              KIRYU Masaki <>
              AOKI Daisuke <>
              MATSUMOTO Shoji <>
              KOYANAGI Masaaki <>
              IMAI Kunihiko <>
              NOGAMI Takaya <>
              WATANABE Takanori <>
              TAKEKAWA Hiroshi <>
              NAGANO Daisuke <>
              KINOSHITA kosuke <>
              SHIGEMURA Norikatsu <>
              YAMAHATA Isaku <>
              ARAI Yoshishige <>
              Glenn Trigg <>
              Tim Allen <>
              Michael Haardt <>
              Eric A. Welsh <>
              Paolo Bonzini <>
              KIMOTO Masahiko <>
              IWAI Takashi <>
              Saito <>
              SATO Kentaro <>
              TAMUKI Shoichi <>
              URABE Shohei <>
              SUENAGA Keishi <>
              SUZUKI Koji <>

       (titles omitted and an order different)

       and other many people sends information and bug-fix codes.

       The    English    version   of   this   man   page   was   written   by   NAGANO   Daisuke

       Now,  TAMUKI  Shoichi  <>  and  URABE  Shohei   <>   are
       maintaining the man page.
       If  you have any comments or suggestions or complaints :) about this man page, please tell
       us it.