Provided by: rsnapshot_1.4.3-2_all bug


       rsnapshot - remote filesystem snapshot utility


       rsnapshot [-vtxqVD] [-c cfgfile] [command] [args]


       rsnapshot is a filesystem snapshot utility. It can take incremental snapshots of local and
       remote filesystems for any number of machines.

       Local filesystem snapshots are handled with rsync(1). Secure remote connections are
       handled with rsync over ssh(1), while anonymous rsync connections simply use an rsync
       server. Both remote and local transfers depend on rsync.

       rsnapshot saves much more disk space than you might imagine. The amount of space required
       is roughly the size of one full backup, plus a copy of each additional file that is
       changed. rsnapshot makes extensive use of hard links, so if the file doesn't change, the
       next snapshot is simply a hard link to the exact same file.

       rsnapshot will typically be invoked as root by a cron job, or series of cron jobs. It is
       possible, however, to run as any arbitrary user with an alternate configuration file.

       All important options are specified in a configuration file, which is located by default
       at /etc/rsnapshot.conf. An alternate file can be specified on the command line. There are
       also additional options which can be passed on the command line.

       The command line options are as follows:

           -v verbose, show shell commands being executed

           -t test, show shell commands that would be executed

           -c path to alternate config file

           -x one filesystem, don't cross partitions within each backup point

           -q quiet, suppress non-fatal warnings

           -V same as -v, but with more detail

           -D a firehose of diagnostic information


       /etc/rsnapshot.conf is the default configuration file. All parameters in this file must be
       separated by tabs. /usr/share/doc/rsnapshot/examples/rsnapshot.conf.default.gz can be used
       as a reference.

       It is recommended that you copy
       /usr/share/doc/rsnapshot/examples/rsnapshot.conf.default.gz to /etc/rsnapshot.conf, and
       then modify /etc/rsnapshot.conf to suit your needs.

       Long lines may be split over several lines.  "Continuation" lines must begin with a space
       or a tab character.  Continuation lines will have all leading and trailing whitespace
       stripped off, and then be appended with an intervening tab character to the previous line
       when the configuration file is parsed.

       Here is a list of allowed parameters:

           config_version     Config file version (required). Default is 1.2

           snapshot_root      Local filesystem path to save all snapshots

           include_conf       Include another file in the configuration at this point.

               This is recursive, but you may need to be careful about paths when specifying
               which file to include.  We check to see if the file you have specified is
               readable, and will yell an error if it isn't.  We recommend using a full path.  As
               a special case, include_conf's value may be enclosed in `backticks` in which case
               it will be executed and whatever it spits to STDOUT will be included in the
               configuration.  Note that shell meta-characters may be interpreted.

           no_create_root     If set to 1, rsnapshot won't create snapshot_root directory

           cmd_rsync          Full path to rsync (required)

           cmd_ssh            Full path to ssh (optional)

           cmd_cp             Full path to cp  (optional, but must be GNU version)

               If you are using Linux, you should uncomment cmd_cp. If you are using a platform
               which does not have GNU cp, you should leave cmd_cp commented out.

               With GNU cp, rsnapshot can take care of both normal files and special files (such
               as FIFOs, sockets, and block/character devices) in one pass.

               If cmd_cp is disabled, rsnapshot will use its own built-in function,
               native_cp_al() to backup up regular files and directories. This will then be
               followed up by a separate call to rsync, to move the special files over (assuming
               there are any).

           cmd_rm             Full path to rm (optional)

           cmd_logger         Full path to logger (optional, for syslog support)

           cmd_du             Full path to du (optional, for disk usage reports)

           cmd_rsnapshot_diff Full path to rsnapshot-diff (optional)


               Full path (plus any arguments) to preexec script (optional).  This script will run
               immediately before each backup operation (but not any rotations). If the execution
               fails, rsnapshot will stop immediately.


               Full path (plus any arguments) to postexec script (optional).  This script will
               run immediately after each backup operation (but not any rotations). If the
               execution fails, rsnapshot will stop immediately.





               Paths to lvcreate, lvremove, mount and umount commands, for use with Linux LVMs.
               You may include options to the commands also.  The lvcreate, lvremove, mount and
               umount commands are required for managing snapshots of LVM volumes and are
               otherwise optional.

           retain             [name]   [number]

               "name" refers to the name of this backup level (e.g., alpha, beta, so also called
               the 'interval'). "number" is the number of snapshots for this type of interval
               that will be retained.  The value of "name" will be the command passed to
               rsnapshot to perform this type of backup.

               A deprecated alias for 'retain' is 'interval'.

               Example: retain alpha 6

               [root@localhost]# rsnapshot alpha

               For this example, every time this is run, the following will happen:

               <snapshot_root>/alpha.5/ will be deleted, if it exists.

               <snapshot_root>/alpha.{1,2,3,4} will all be rotated +1, if they exist.

               <snapshot_root>/alpha.0/ will be copied to <snapshot_root>/alpha.1/ using hard

               Each backup point (explained below) will then be rsynced to the corresponding
               directories in <snapshot_root>/alpha.0/

               Backup levels must be specified in the config file in order, from most frequent to
               least frequent. The first entry is the one which will be synced with the backup
               points. The subsequent backup levels (e.g., beta, gamma, etc) simply rotate, with
               each higher backup level pulling from the one below it for its .0 directory.


                   retain  alpha 6

                   retain  beta  7

                   retain  gamma 4

               beta.0/ will be moved from alpha.5/, and gamma.0/ will be moved from beta.6/

               alpha.0/ will be rsynced directly from the filesystem.

           link_dest           1

               If your version of rsync supports --link-dest (2.5.7 or newer), you can enable
               this to let rsync handle some things that GNU cp or the built-in subroutines would
               otherwise do. Enabling this makes rsnapshot take a slightly more complicated code
               branch, but it's the best way to support special files on non-Linux systems.

           sync_first          1

               sync_first changes the behaviour of rsnapshot. When this is enabled, all calls to
               rsnapshot with various backup levels simply rotate files. All backups are handled
               by calling rsnapshot with the "sync" argument. The synced files are stored in a
               ".sync" directory under the snapshot_root.

               This allows better recovery in the event that rsnapshot is interrupted in the
               middle of a sync operation, since the sync step and rotation steps are separated.
               This also means that you can easily run "rsnapshot sync" on the command line
               without fear of forcing all the other directories to rotate up.  This benefit
               comes at the cost of one more snapshot worth of disk space.  The default is 0

           verbose             2

               The amount of information to print out when the program is run. Allowed values are
               1 through 5. The default is 2.

                   1        Quiet            Show fatal errors only
                   2        Default          Show warnings and errors
                   3        Verbose          Show equivalent shell commands being executed
                   4        Extra Verbose    Same as verbose, but with more detail
                   5        Debug            All kinds of information

           loglevel            3

               This number means the same thing as verbose above, but it determines how much data
               is written to the logfile, if one is being written.

           logfile             /var/log/rsnapshot

               Full filesystem path to the rsnapshot log file. If this is defined, a log file
               will be written, with the amount of data being controlled by loglevel. If this is
               commented out, no log file will be written.

           include             [file-name-pattern]

               This gets passed directly to rsync using the --include directive. This parameter
               can be specified as many times as needed, with one pattern defined per line. See
               the rsync(1) man page for the syntax.

           exclude             [file-name-pattern]

               This gets passed directly to rsync using the --exclude directive. This parameter
               can be specified as many times as needed, with one pattern defined per line. See
               the rsync(1) man page for the syntax.

           include_file        /path/to/include/file

               This gets passed directly to rsync using the --include-from directive. See the
               rsync(1) man page for the syntax.

           exclude_file        /path/to/exclude/file

               This gets passed directly to rsync using the --exclude-from directive. See the
               rsync(1) man page for the syntax.

           rsync_short_args    -a

               List of short arguments to pass to rsync. If not specified, "-a" is the default.
               Please note that these must be all next to each other.  For example, "-az" is
               valid, while "-a -z" is not.

               "-a" is rsync's "archive mode" which tells it to copy as much of the filesystem
               metadata as it can for each file.  This specifically does *not* include
               information about hard links, as that would greatly increase rsync's memory usage
               and slow it down.  If you need to preserve hard links in your backups, then add
               "H" to this.

           rsync_long_args     --delete --numeric-ids --relative --delete-excluded

               List of long arguments to pass to rsync.  The default values are
                   --delete --numeric-ids --relative --delete-excluded This means that the
               directory structure in each backup point destination will match that in the backup
               point source.

               Quotes are permitted in rsync_long_args, eg --rsync-path="sudo /usr/bin/rsync".
               You may use either single (') or double (") quotes, but nested quotes (including
               mixed nested quotes) are not permitted.  Similar quoting is also allowed in per-
               backup-point rsync_long_args.

           ssh_args    -p 22

               Arguments to be passed to ssh. If not specified, the default is none.

           du_args     -csh

               Arguments to be passed to du. If not specified, the default is -csh.  GNU du
               supports -csh, BSD du supports -csk, Solaris du doesn't support -c at all. The GNU
               version is recommended, since it offers the most features.

           lockfile    /var/run/

           stop_on_stale_lockfile   0

               Lockfile to use when rsnapshot is run. This prevents a second invocation from
               clobbering the first one. If not specified, no lock file is used.  Make sure to
               use a directory that is not world writeable for security reasons.  Use of a lock
               file is strongly recommended.

               If a lockfile exists when rsnapshot starts, it will try to read the file and stop
               with an error if it can't.  If it *can* read the file, it sees if a process exists
               with the PID noted in the file.  If it does, rsnapshot stops with an error
               message.  If there is no process with that PID, then we assume that the lockfile
               is stale and ignore it *unless* stop_on_stale_lockfile is set to 1 in which case
               we stop.

               stop_on_stale_lockfile defaults to 0.

           one_fs    1

               Prevents rsync from crossing filesystem partitions. Setting this to a value of 1
               enables this feature. 0 turns it off. This parameter is optional.  The default is
               0 (off).

           use_lazy_deletes    1

               Changes default behavior of rsnapshot and does not initially remove the oldest
               snapshot. Instead it moves that directory to _delete.[processid] and continues as
               normal. Once the backup has been completed, the lockfile will be removed before
               rsnapshot starts deleting the directory.

               Enabling this means that snapshots get taken sooner (since the delete doesn't come
               first), and any other rsnapshot processes are allowed to start while the final
               delete is happening. This benefit comes at the cost of using more disk space. The
               default is 0 (off).

               The details of how this works have changed in rsnapshot version 1.3.1.  Originally
               you could only ever have one .delete directory per backup level.  Now you can have
               many, so if your next (eg) alpha backup kicks off while the previous one is still
               doing a lazy delete you may temporarily have extra _delete directories hanging

           linux_lvm_snapshotsize    2G

               LVM snapshot(s) size (lvcreate --size option).

           linux_lvm_snapshotname  rsnapshot

               Name to be used when creating the LVM logical volume snapshot(s) (lvcreate --name

           linux_lvm_vgpath         /dev

               Path to the LVM Volume Groups.

           linux_lvm_mountpath      /mnt/lvm-snapshot

               Mount point to use to temporarily mount the snapshot(s).

           backup  /etc/                       localhost/


           backup  rsync://

           backup  /var/                       localhost/      one_fs=1

           backup  lvm://vg0/home/path2/       lvm-vg0/

           backup_script   /usr/local/bin/    pgsql_backup/


               backup   /etc/        localhost/

                   Backs up /etc/ to <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/localhost/etc/ using rsync on the
                   local filesystem

               backup   /usr/local/  localhost/

                   Backs up /usr/local/ to <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/localhost/usr/local/ using
                   rsync on the local filesystem


                   Backs up to <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/
                   using rsync over ssh


                   Same thing but let ssh choose the remote username (as specified in
                   ~/.ssh/config, otherwise the same as the local username)


                   Backs up to
                   <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/ using rsync over ssh

               backup   rsync://

                   Backs up rsync:// to
                   <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/ using an anonymous rsync server.
                   Please note that unlike backing up local paths and using rsync over ssh, rsync
                   servers have "modules", which are top level directories that are exported.
                   Therefore, the module should also be specified in the destination path, as
                   shown in the example above (the pub/ directory at the end).

               backup   /var/     localhost/   one_fs=1

                   This is the same as the other examples, but notice the fourth column.  This is
                   how you specify per-backup-point options to over-ride global settings.  This
                   extra parameter can take several options, separated by commas.

                   It is most useful when specifying per-backup rsync excludes thus:

                   backup  root@somehost:/  somehost   +rsync_long_args=--exclude=/var/spool/

                   Note the + sign.  That tells rsnapshot to add to the list of arguments to pass
                   to rsync instead of replacing the list.

               backup  lvm://vg0/home/path2/       lvm-vg0/

                   Backs up the LVM logical volume called home, of volume group vg0, to
                   <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/lvm-vg0/. Will create, mount, backup, unmount and
                   remove an LVM snapshot for each lvm:// entry.

               backup_script      /usr/local/bin/   db_backup/

                   In this example, we specify a script or program to run. This script should
                   simply create files and/or directories in its current working directory.
                   rsnapshot will then take that output and move it into the directory specified
                   in the third column.

                   Please note that whatever is in the destination directory will be completely
                   deleted and recreated. For this reason, rsnapshot prevents you from specifying
                   a destination directory for a backup_script that will clobber other backups.

                   So in this example, say the script simply runs a command


                       mysqldump -uusername mydatabase > mydatabase.sql

                       chmod u=r,go= mydatabase.sql  # r-------- (0400)

                   rsnapshot will take the generated "mydatabase.sql" file and move it into the
                   <snapshot_root>/<retain>.0/db_backup/ directory. On subsequent runs, rsnapshot
                   checks the differences between the files created against the previous files.
                   If the backup script generates the same output on the next run, the files will
                   be hard linked against the previous ones, and no additional disk space will be
                   taken up.

               backup_exec      ssh root@ "du -sh /.offsite_backup"

               backup_exec      rsync -az /.snapshots/daily.0 root@

               backup_exec      /bin/true/

                   backup_exec simply runs the command listed. The second argument is not
                   required and defaults to a value of 'optional'. It specifies the importance
                   that the command return 0. Valid values are 'optional' and 'required'. If the
                   command is specified as optional, a non-zero exit status from the command will
                   result in a warning message being output. If the command is specified as
                   'required', a non-zero exit status from the command will result in an error
                   message being output and rsnapshot itself will exit with a non-zero exit

           Remember that tabs must separate all elements, and that there must be a trailing slash
           on the end of every directory.

           A hash mark (#) on the beginning of a line is treated as a comment.

           Putting it all together (an example file):


               config_version  1.2

               snapshot_root   /.snapshots/

               cmd_rsync           /usr/bin/rsync
               cmd_ssh             /usr/bin/ssh
               #cmd_cp             /bin/cp
               cmd_rm              /bin/rm
               cmd_logger          /usr/bin/logger
               cmd_du              /usr/bin/du

               linux_lvm_cmd_lvcreate        /sbin/lvcreate
               linux_lvm_cmd_lvremove        /sbin/lvremove
               linux_lvm_cmd_mount           /bin/mount
               linux_lvm_cmd_umount          /bin/umount

               linux_lvm_snapshotsize    2G
               linux_lvm_snapshotname    rsnapshot
               linux_lvm_vgpath          /dev
               linux_lvm_mountpath       /mnt/lvm-snapshot

               retain              alpha  6
               retain              beta   7
               retain              gamma  7
               retain              delta 3

               backup              /etc/                     localhost/
               backup              /home/                    localhost/
               backup_script       /usr/local/bin/  mysql_backup/

               backup              rsync://
               backup              lvm://vg0/xen-home/       lvm-vg0/xen-home/
               backup_exec         echo "backup finished!"


       rsnapshot can be used by any user, but for system-wide backups you will probably want to
       run it as root.

       Since backups usually get neglected if human intervention is required, the preferred way
       is to run it from cron.

       When you are first setting up your backups, you will probably also want to run it from the
       command line once or twice to get a feel for what it's doing.

       Here is an example crontab entry, assuming that backup levels alpha, beta, gamma and delta
       have been defined in /etc/rsnapshot.conf

           0 */4 * * *         /usr/bin/rsnapshot alpha

           50 23 * * *         /usr/bin/rsnapshot beta

           40 23 * * 6         /usr/bin/rsnapshot gamma

           30 23 1 * *         /usr/bin/rsnapshot delta

       This example will do the following:

           6 alpha backups a day (once every 4 hours, at 0,4,8,12,16,20)

           1 beta backup every day, at 11:50PM

           1 gamma backup every week, at 11:40PM, on Saturdays (6th day of week)

           1 delta backup every month, at 11:30PM on the 1st day of the month

       It is usually a good idea to schedule the larger backup levels to run a bit before the
       lower ones. For example, in the crontab above, notice that "beta" runs 10 minutes before
       "alpha".  The main reason for this is that the beta rotate will pull out the oldest alpha
       and make that the youngest beta (which means that the next alpha rotate will not need to
       delete the oldest alpha), which is more efficient.  A secondary reason is that it is
       harder to predict how long the lowest backup level will take, since it needs to actually
       do an rsync of the source as well as the rotate that all backups do.

       If rsnapshot takes longer than 10 minutes to do the "beta" rotate (which usually includes
       deleting the oldest beta snapshot), then you should increase the time between the backup
       levels.  Otherwise (assuming you have set the lockfile parameter, as is recommended) your
       alpha snapshot will fail sometimes because the beta still has the lock.

       Remember that these are just the times that the program runs.  To set the number of
       backups stored, set the retain numbers in /etc/rsnapshot.conf

       To check the disk space used by rsnapshot, you can call it with the "du" argument.

       For example:

           rsnapshot du

       This will show you exactly how much disk space is taken up in the snapshot root. This
       feature requires the UNIX du command to be installed on your system, for it to support the
       "-csh" command line arguments, and to be in your path. You can also override your path
       settings and the flags passed to du using the cmd_du and du_args parameters.

       It is also possible to pass a relative file path as a second argument, to get a report on
       a particular file or subdirectory.

           rsnapshot du localhost/home/

       The GNU version of "du" is preferred. The BSD version works well also, but does not
       support the -h flag (use -k instead, to see the totals in kilobytes). Other versions of
       "du", such as Solaris, may not work at all.

       To check the differences between two directories, call rsnapshot with the "diff" argument,
       followed by two backup levels or directory paths.

       For example:

           rsnapshot diff beta.0 beta.1

           rsnapshot diff beta.0/localhost/etc beta.1/localhost/etc

           rsnapshot diff /.snapshots/beta.0 /.snapshots/beta.1

       This will call the rsnapshot-diff program, which will scan both directories looking for
       differences (based on hard links).

       rsnapshot sync

           When sync_first is enabled, rsnapshot must first be called with the sync argument,
           followed by the other usual cron entries. The sync should happen as the lowest, most
           frequent backup level, and right before. For example:

               0 */4 * * *         /usr/bin/rsnapshot sync && /usr/bin/rsnapshot alpha

               50 23 * * *         /usr/bin/rsnapshot beta

               40 23 1,8,15,22 * * /usr/bin/rsnapshot gamma

               30 23 1 * *         /usr/bin/rsnapshot delta

           The sync operation simply runs rsync and all backup scripts. In this scenario, all
           calls simply rotate directories, even the lowest backup level.

       rsnapshot sync [dest]

           When sync_first is enabled, all sync behaviour happens during an additional sync step
           (see above). When using the sync argument, it is also possible to specify a backup
           point destination as an optional parameter. If this is done, only backup points
           sharing that destination path will be synced.

           For example, let's say that is a destination path shared by one or more of
           your backup points.

               rsnapshot sync

           This command will only sync the files that normally get backed up into
           It will NOT get any other backup points with slightly different values (like
 , for example). In order to sync, you would need to
           run rsnapshot again, using as the optional parameter.

       rsnapshot configtest

           Do a quick sanity check to make sure everything is ready to go.


           0  All operations completed successfully

           1  A fatal error occurred

           2  Some warnings occurred, but the backup still finished




       rsync(1), ssh(1), logger(1), sshd(1), ssh-keygen(1), perl(1), cp(1), du(1), crontab(1)


       Use the -t flag to see what commands would have been executed. This will show you the
       commands rsnapshot would try to run. There are a few minor differences (for example, not
       showing an attempt to remove the lockfile because it wasn't really created in the test),
       but should give you a very good idea what will happen.

       Using the -v, -V, and -D flags will print increasingly more information to STDOUT.

       Make sure you don't have spaces in the config file that you think are actually tabs.

       Much other weird behavior can probably be attributed to plain old file system permissions
       and ssh authentication issues.


       Please report bugs (and other comments) to the rsnapshot-discuss mailing list:


       Make sure your /etc/rsnapshot.conf file has all elements separated by tabs.  See
       /usr/share/doc/rsnapshot/examples/rsnapshot.conf.default.gz for a working example file.

       Make sure you put a trailing slash on the end of all directory references.  If you don't,
       you may have extra directories created in your snapshots.  For more information on how the
       trailing slash is handled, see the rsync(1) manpage.

       Make sure to make the snapshot directory chmod 700 and owned by root (assuming backups are
       made by the root user). If the snapshot directory is readable by other users, they will be
       able to modify the snapshots containing their files, thus destroying the integrity of the

       If you would like regular users to be able to restore their own backups, there are a
       number of ways this can be accomplished. One such scenario would be:

       Set snapshot_root to /.private/.snapshots in /etc/rsnapshot.conf

       Set the file permissions on these directories as follows:

           drwx------    /.private

           drwxr-xr-x    /.private/.snapshots

       Export the /.private/.snapshots directory over read-only NFS, a read-only Samba share,

       See the rsnapshot HOWTO for more information on making backups accessible to non-
       privileged users.

       For ssh to work unattended through cron, you will probably want to use public key logins.
       Create an ssh key with no passphrase for root, and install the public key on each machine
       you want to backup. If you are backing up system files from remote machines, this probably
       means unattended root logins. Another possibility is to create a second user on the
       machine just for backups. Give the user a different name such as "rsnapshot", but keep the
       UID and GID set to 0, to give root privileges. However, make logins more restrictive,
       either through ssh configuration, or using an alternate shell.

       BE CAREFUL! If the private key is obtained by an attacker, they will have free run of all
       the systems involved. If you are unclear on how to do this, see ssh(1), sshd(1), and

       Backup scripts are run as the same user that rsnapshot is running as.  Typically this is
       root. Make sure that all of your backup scripts are only writable by root, and that they
       don't call any other programs that aren't owned by root. If you fail to do this, anyone
       who can write to the backup script or any program it calls can fully take over the
       machine. Of course, this is not a situation unique to rsnapshot.

       By default, rsync transfers are done using the --numeric-ids option.  This means that user
       names and group names are ignored during transfers, but the UID/GID information is kept
       intact. The assumption is that the backups will be restored in the same environment they
       came from. Without this option, restoring backups for multiple heterogeneous servers would
       be unmanageable. If you are archiving snapshots with GNU tar, you may want to use the
       --numeric-owner parameter. Also, keep a copy of the archived system's /etc/passwd and
       /etc/group files handy for the UID/GID to name mapping.

       If you remove backup points in the config file, the previously archived files under those
       points will permanently stay in the snapshots directory unless you remove the files
       yourself. If you want to conserve disk space, you will need to go into the <snapshot_root>
       directory and manually remove the files from the smallest backup level's ".0" directory.

       For example, if you were previously backing up /home/ with a destination of localhost/,
       and alpha is your smallest backup level, you would need to do the following to reclaim
       that disk space:

           rm -rf <snapshot_root>/alpha.0/localhost/home/

       Please note that the other snapshots previously made of /home/ will still be using that
       disk space, but since the files are flushed out of alpha.0/, they will no longer be copied
       to the subsequent directories, and will thus be removed in due time as the rotations


       Mike Rubel -

       - Created the original shell scripts on which this project is based

       Nathan Rosenquist (

       - Primary author and original maintainer of rsnapshot.

       David Cantrell (

       - Previous maintainer of rsnapshot
       - Wrote the rsnapshot-diff utility
       - Improved how use_lazy_deletes work so slow deletes don't screw up the next backup at
       that backup level.

       David Keegel <>

       - Previous rsnapshot maintainer
       - Fixed race condition in lock file creation, improved error reporting
       - Allowed remote ssh directory paths starting with "~/" as well as "/"
       - Fixed a number of other bugs and buglets

       Benedikt Heine <>

       - Current rsnapshot maintainer

       Carl Wilhelm Soderstrom (

       - Created the RPM .spec file which allowed the RPM package to be built, among other

       Ted Zlatanov (

       - Added the one_fs feature, autoconf support, good advice, and much more.

       Ralf van Dooren (

       - Added and maintains the rsnapshot entry in the FreeBSD ports tree.


       - Provided access to his computer museum for software testing.

       Carl Boe (

       - Found several subtle bugs and provided fixes for them.

       Shane Leibling (

       - Fixed a compatibility bug in utils/

       Christoph Wegscheider (

       - Added (and previously maintained) the Debian rsnapshot package.

       Bharat Mediratta (

       - Improved the exclusion rules to avoid backing up the snapshot root (among other things).

       Peter Palfrader (

       - Enhanced error reporting to include command line options.

       Nicolas Kaiser (

       - Fixed typos in program and man page

       Chris Petersen - (

           Added cwrsync permanent-share support

       Robert Jackson (

           Added use_lazy_deletes feature

       Justin Grote (

           Improved rsync error reporting code

       Anthony Ettinger (

           Wrote the utils/ script

       Sherman Boyd

           Wrote utils/ script

       William Bear (

           Wrote the utils/ script (pretty summary of rsync stats)

       Eric Anderson (

           Improvements to utils/

       Alan Batie (

           Bug fixes for include_conf

       Dieter Bloms (

           Multi-line configuration options

       Henning Moll (


       Ben Low (

           Linux LVM snapshot support


       Copyright (C) 2003-2005 Nathan Rosenquist

       Portions Copyright (C) 2002-2007 Mike Rubel, Carl Wilhelm Soderstrom, Ted Zlatanov, Carl
       Boe, Shane Liebling, Bharat Mediratta, Peter Palfrader, Nicolas Kaiser, David Cantrell,
       Chris Petersen, Robert Jackson, Justin Grote, David Keegel, Alan Batie, Dieter Bloms,
       Henning Moll, Ben Low, Anthony Ettinger

       This man page is distributed under the same license as rsnapshot: the GPL (see below).

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA