Provided by: rsync_3.1.3-8_amd64 bug


       rsyncd.conf - configuration file for rsync in daemon mode




       The  rsyncd.conf  file  is  the  runtime configuration file for rsync when run as an rsync

       The rsyncd.conf file controls authentication, access, logging and available modules.


       The file consists of modules and parameters. A module begins with the name of  the  module
       in  square brackets and continues until the next module begins. Modules contain parameters
       of the form "name = value".

       The file is line-based -- that  is,  each  newline-terminated  line  represents  either  a
       comment, a module name or a parameter.

       Only  the  first equals sign in a parameter is significant. Whitespace before or after the
       first equals sign is discarded. Leading, trailing and internal whitespace  in  module  and
       parameter  names  is  irrelevant.  Leading and trailing whitespace in a parameter value is
       discarded. Internal whitespace within a parameter value is retained verbatim.

       Any line beginning with a hash (#) is ignored, as are lines  containing  only  whitespace.
       (If a hash occurs after anything other than leading whitespace, it is considered a part of
       the line’s content.)

       Any line ending in a \ is "continued" on the next line in the customary UNIX fashion.

       The values following the equals sign in parameters are all  either  a  string  (no  quotes
       needed)  or  a  boolean,  which  may  be  given  as yes/no, 0/1 or true/false. Case is not
       significant in boolean values, but is preserved in string values.


       The rsync daemon is launched by specifying the --daemon option to rsync.

       The daemon must run with root privileges if you wish to use chroot,  to  bind  to  a  port
       numbered under 1024 (as is the default 873), or to set file ownership.  Otherwise, it must
       just have permission to read and write the appropriate data, log, and lock files.

       You can launch it either via inetd, as a stand-alone daemon, or from an rsync client via a
       remote  shell.   If run as a stand-alone daemon then just run the command "rsync --daemon"
       from a suitable startup script.

       When run via inetd you should add a line like this to /etc/services:

         rsync           873/tcp

       and a single line something like this to /etc/inetd.conf:

         rsync   stream  tcp     nowait  root   /usr/bin/rsync rsyncd --daemon

       Replace "/usr/bin/rsync" with the path to where you have rsync installed on  your  system.
       You will then need to send inetd a HUP signal to tell it to reread its config file.

       Note  that  you  should  not  send the rsync daemon a HUP signal to force it to reread the
       rsyncd.conf file. The file is re-read on each client connection.


       The first parameters in the file (before a [module] header)  are  the  global  parameters.
       Rsync  also allows for the use of a "[global]" module name to indicate the start of one or
       more global-parameter sections (the name must be lower case).

       You may also include any module parameters in the global part of the config file in  which
       case the supplied value will override the default for that parameter.

       You  may  use  references  to  environment  variables in the values of parameters.  String
       parameters will have %VAR% references expanded as late as possible  (when  the  string  is
       used  in  the  program),  allowing  for the use of variables that rsync sets at connection
       time, such as RSYNC_USER_NAME.  Non-string parameters (such as  true/false  settings)  are
       expanded when read from the config file.  If a variable does not exist in the environment,
       or if a sequence of characters is not a valid reference  (such  as  an  un-paired  percent
       sign),  the  raw  characters  are  passed  through  unchanged.   This  helps with backward
       compatibility and safety (e.g. expanding a non-existent %VAR% to an empty string in a path
       could result in a very unsafe path).  The safest way to insert a literal % into a value is
       to use %%.

       motd file
              This parameter allows you to specify a "message of the day" to display  to  clients
              on  each connect. This usually contains site information and any legal notices. The
              default is no motd file.  This can  be  overridden  by  the  --dparam=motdfile=FILE
              command-line option when starting the daemon.

       pid file
              This parameter tells the rsync daemon to write its process ID to that file.  If the
              file already exists, the rsync daemon will abort rather than  overwrite  the  file.
              This  can  be  overridden  by  the  --dparam=pidfile=FILE  command-line option when
              starting the daemon.

       port   You can override the default port the daemon will  listen  on  by  specifying  this
              value  (defaults to 873).  This is ignored if the daemon is being run by inetd, and
              is superseded by the --port command-line option.

              You can override the default IP address the daemon will  listen  on  by  specifying
              this value.  This is ignored if the daemon is being run by inetd, and is superseded
              by the --address command-line option.

       socket options
              This parameter can provide endless fun for people who like to tune their systems to
              the utmost degree. You can set all sorts of socket options which may make transfers
              faster (or slower!). Read the man page for the setsockopt() system call for details
              on some of the options you may be able to set. By default no special socket options
              are set.  These settings can also be  specified  via  the  --sockopts  command-line

       listen backlog
              You can override the default backlog value when the daemon listens for connections.
              It defaults to 5.


       After the global parameters you should define a number of modules, each module  exports  a
       directory  tree  as  a  symbolic name. Modules are exported by specifying a module name in
       square brackets [module] followed by the parameters for  that  module.   The  module  name
       cannot contain a slash or a closing square bracket.  If the name contains whitespace, each
       internal sequence of whitespace will be changed into a  single  space,  while  leading  or
       trailing  whitespace  will  be discarded.  Also, the name cannot be "global" as that exact
       name indicates that global parameters follow (see above).

       As with GLOBAL PARAMETERS, you may use references to environment variables in  the  values
       of parameters.  See the GLOBAL PARAMETERS section for more details.

              This  parameter specifies a description string that is displayed next to the module
              name when clients obtain a list of available modules. The default is no comment.

       path   This parameter specifies the directory in the daemon’s filesystem to make available
              in this module.  You must specify this parameter for each module in rsyncd.conf.

              You  may  base  the  path’s value off of an environment variable by surrounding the
              variable name with percent signs.  You can even reference a variable that is set by
              rsync  when  the user connects.  For example, this would use the authorizing user’s
              name in the path:

                  path = /home/%RSYNC_USER_NAME%

              It is fine if the path includes internal spaces -- they will be  retained  verbatim
              (which means that you shouldn’t try to escape them).  If your final directory has a
              trailing space (and this is somehow not  something  you  wish  to  fix),  append  a
              trailing slash to the path to avoid losing the trailing whitespace.

       use chroot
              If "use chroot" is true, the rsync daemon will chroot to the "path" before starting
              the file transfer with the client.  This has  the  advantage  of  extra  protection
              against  possible  implementation  security  holes, but it has the disadvantages of
              requiring super-user privileges, of not being able to follow  symbolic  links  that
              are  either  absolute  or  outside  of  the  new root path, and of complicating the
              preservation of users and groups by name (see below).

              As an additional safety feature, you can specify a dot-dir in the  module’s  "path"
              to indicate the point where the chroot should occur.  This allows rsync to run in a
              chroot with a non-"/" path for the top  of  the  transfer  hierarchy.   Doing  this
              guards  against  unintended library loading (since those absolute paths will not be
              inside the transfer hierarchy unless you have used an unwise  pathname),  and  lets
              you  setup libraries for the chroot that are outside of the transfer.  For example,
              specifying "/var/rsync/./module1" will chroot to the "/var/rsync" directory and set
              the  inside-chroot  path to "/module1".  If you had omitted the dot-dir, the chroot
              would have used the whole path, and the inside-chroot path would have been "/".

              When both "use chroot" and "daemon chroot" are false, OR the inside-chroot path  of
              "use  chroot"  is  not  "/", rsync will: (1) munge symlinks by default for security
              reasons (see "munge symlinks" for a way to turn this off, but  only  if  you  trust
              your  users),  (2)  substitute  leading slashes in absolute paths with the module’s
              path (so that options such  as  --backup-dir,  --compare-dest,  etc.  interpret  an
              absolute  path  as  rooted  in  the  module’s  "path"  dir), and (3) trim ".." path
              elements from args if rsync believes they would escape the module  hierarchy.   The
              default for "use chroot" is true, and is the safer choice (especially if the module
              is not read-only).

              When this parameter is enabled, the "numeric-ids" option will also default to being
              enabled  (disabling  name lookups).  See below for what a chroot needs in order for
              name lookups to succeed.

              If you copy library resources into the module’s chroot  area,  you  should  protect
              them  through  your  OS’s  normal  user/group or ACL settings (to prevent the rsync
              module’s user from being able to change them), and then hide them from  the  user’s
              view via "exclude" (see how in the discussion of that parameter).  At that point it
              will be safe to enable the mapping of users and groups by name using  the  "numeric
              ids" daemon parameter (see below).

              Note  also  that  you are free to setup custom user/group information in the chroot
              area that is different from your normal system.  For example, you could  abbreviate
              the list of users and groups.

       daemon chroot
              This  parameter  specifies  a path to which the daemon will chroot before beginning
              communication with clients. Module paths (and any "use chroot" settings) will  then
              be  related  to  this  one. This lets you choose if you want the whole daemon to be
              chrooted (with this  setting),  just  the  transfers  to  be  chrooted  (with  "use
              chroot"),  or  both.   Keep  in mind that the "daemon chroot" area may need various
              OS/lib/etc files installed to allow the daemon to function.  By default the  daemon
              runs without any chrooting.

       numeric ids
              Enabling  this  parameter  disables the mapping of users and groups by name for the
              current  daemon  module.   This  prevents  the  daemon  from  trying  to  load  any
              user/group-related  files or libraries.  This enabling makes the transfer behave as
              if the client had passed the --numeric-ids command-line option.  By  default,  this
              parameter  is enabled for chroot modules and disabled for non-chroot modules.  Also
              keep in mind that uid/gid preservation requires the module to be  running  as  root
              (see "uid") or for "fake super" to be configured.

              A  chroot-enabled module should not have this parameter enabled unless you’ve taken
              steps to ensure that the module has the necessary resources it needs  to  translate
              names,  and  that  it  is  not possible for a user to change those resources.  That
              includes being the code being able to call functions like getpwuid() , getgrgid() ,
              getpwname() , and getgrnam() .  You should test what libraries and config files are
              required for your OS and get those setup before starting to test  name  mapping  in

       munge symlinks
              This  parameter  tells  rsync  to  modify  all  symlinks  in  the  same  way as the
              (non-daemon-affecting) --munge-links command-line option (using a method  described
              below).   This  should  help protect your files from user trickery when your daemon
              module is writable.  The default is disabled  when  "use  chroot"  is  on  with  an
              inside-chroot path of "/", OR if "daemon chroot" is on, otherwise it is enabled.

              If  you  disable this parameter on a daemon that is not read-only, there are tricks
              that a user can play with uploaded symlinks to  access  daemon-excluded  items  (if
              your  module  has any), and, if "use chroot" is off, rsync can even be tricked into
              showing or changing data that is outside the module’s path  (as  access-permissions

              The  way  rsync  disables the use of symlinks is to prefix each one with the string
              "/rsyncd-munged/".  This prevents the  links  from  being  used  as  long  as  that
              directory does not exist.  When this parameter is enabled, rsync will refuse to run
              if that path is a directory or a symlink to a directory.   When  using  the  "munge
              symlinks"  parameter  in  a  chroot area that has an inside-chroot path of "/", you
              should add "/rsyncd-munged/" to the exclude setting for the module so that  a  user
              can’t try to create it.

              Note:   rsync  makes  no  attempt  to  verify that any pre-existing symlinks in the
              module’s hierarchy are as safe as you want them to be (unless, of course,  it  just
              copied  in  the  whole  hierarchy).   If you setup an rsync daemon on a new area or
              locally add symlinks, you can manually protect your symlinks from being  abused  by
              prefixing "/rsyncd-munged/" to the start of every symlink’s value.  There is a perl
              script in the support directory of the source code named "munge-symlinks" that  can
              be used to add or remove this prefix from your symlinks.

              When  this  parameter  is disabled on a writable module and "use chroot" is off (or
              the inside-chroot path is not "/"), incoming symlinks will be modified  to  drop  a
              leading  slash  and  to  remove ".." path elements that rsync believes will allow a
              symlink to escape the module’s hierarchy.  There are tricky  ways  to  work  around
              this,  though, so you had better trust your users if you choose this combination of

              This specifies the name of the character set in which the  module’s  filenames  are
              stored.  If the client uses an --iconv option, the daemon will use the value of the
              "charset" parameter regardless of the character set  the  client  actually  passed.
              This  allows  the  daemon  to support charset conversion in a chroot module without
              extra files in the chroot area, and also ensures that name-translation is done in a
              consistent  manner.   If  the "charset" parameter is not set, the --iconv option is
              refused, just as if "iconv" had been specified via "refuse options".

              If you wish to force users to always use  --iconv  for  a  particular  module,  add
              "no-iconv" to the "refuse options" parameter.  Keep in mind that this will restrict
              access to your module to very new rsync clients.

       max connections
              This parameter allows you to specify the maximum number of simultaneous connections
              you  will  allow.   Any  clients  connecting when the maximum has been reached will
              receive a message telling them to try later.  The default  is  0,  which  means  no
              limit.  A negative value disables the module.  See also the "lock file" parameter.

       log file
              When  the  "log file" parameter is set to a non-empty string, the rsync daemon will
              log messages to the indicated file rather than using syslog. This  is  particularly
              useful  on systems (such as AIX) where syslog() doesn’t work for chrooted programs.
              The file is opened before chroot() is called, allowing it to be placed outside  the
              transfer.   If  this  value  is  set on a per-module basis instead of globally, the
              global log will still contain  any  authorization  failures  or  config-file  error

              If  the  daemon fails to open the specified file, it will fall back to using syslog
              and output an error about  the  failure.   (Note  that  the  failure  to  open  the
              specified log file used to be a fatal error.)

              This    setting    can    be   overridden   by   using   the   --log-file=FILE   or
              --dparam=logfile=FILE command-line options.  The former overrides all the  log-file
              parameters of the daemon and all module settings.  The latter sets the daemon’s log
              file and the default for all the modules, which still allows  modules  to  override
              the default setting.

       syslog facility
              This  parameter  allows you to specify the syslog facility name to use when logging
              messages from the rsync daemon. You may use any standard syslog facility name which
              is  defined  on  your  system.  Common names are auth, authpriv, cron, daemon, ftp,
              kern, lpr, mail, news,  security,  syslog,  user,  uucp,  local0,  local1,  local2,
              local3, local4, local5, local6 and local7. The default is daemon.  This setting has
              no effect if the "log file" setting is  a  non-empty  string  (either  set  in  the
              per-modules settings, or inherited from the global settings).

       syslog tag
              This  parameter  allows  you to specify the syslog tag to use when logging messages
              from the rsync daemon. The default is "rsyncd".  This setting has no effect if  the
              "log  file"  setting is a non-empty string (either set in the per-modules settings,
              or inherited from the global settings).

              For example, if you wanted each authenticated user’s name to  be  included  in  the
              syslog tag, you could do something like this:

                  syslog tag = rsyncd.%RSYNC_USER_NAME%

       max verbosity
              This parameter allows you to control the maximum amount of verbose information that
              you’ll allow the daemon to generate (since the information goes into the log file).
              The default is 1, which allows the client to request one level of verbosity.

              This also affects the user’s ability to request higher levels of --info and --debug
              logging.  If the max value is 2, then no info and/or debug  value  that  is  higher
              than what would be set by -vv will be honored by the daemon in its logging.  To see
              how high of a verbosity level you need to accept for a particular info/debug level,
              refer  to  "rsync  --info=help"  and  "rsync --debug=help".  For instance, it takes
              max-verbosity 4 to be able to output debug TIME2 and FLIST3.

       lock file
              This parameter  specifies  the  file  to  use  to  support  the  "max  connections"
              parameter. The rsync daemon uses record locking on this file to ensure that the max
              connections limit is not exceeded for the  modules  sharing  the  lock  file.   The
              default is /var/run/rsyncd.lock.

       read only
              This  parameter  determines whether clients will be able to upload files or not. If
              "read only" is true then any attempted uploads will fail. If "read only"  is  false
              then  uploads  will  be possible if file permissions on the daemon side allow them.
              The default is for all modules to be read only.

              Note that "auth users" can override this setting on a per-user basis.

       write only
              This parameter determines whether clients will be able to download files or not. If
              "write  only"  is  true  then any attempted downloads will fail. If "write only" is
              false then downloads will be possible if file permissions on the daemon side  allow
              them.  The default is for this parameter to be disabled.

              Helpful  hint:  you  probably  want  to  specify  "refuse  options  = delete" for a
              write-only module.

       list   This parameter determines whether this module is listed when the client asks for  a
              listing  of  available  modules.   In  addition,  if this is false, the daemon will
              pretend the module does not exist when a client denied by "hosts allow"  or  "hosts
              deny" attempts to access it.  Realize that if "reverse lookup" is disabled globally
              but enabled  for  the  module,  the  resulting  reverse  lookup  to  a  potentially
              client-controlled DNS server may still reveal to the client that it hit an existing
              module.  The default is for modules to be listable.

       uid    This parameter specifies the user name or user ID that file transfers to  and  from
              that  module  should  take place as when the daemon was run as root. In combination
              with the "gid" parameter this determines what file permissions are  available.  The
              default  when  run by a super-user is to switch to the system’s "nobody" user.  The
              default for a non-super-user is to not try to change the user.  See also the  "gid"

              The  RSYNC_USER_NAME  environment variable may be used to request that rsync run as
              the authorizing user.  For example, if you want a rsync to run  as  the  same  user
              that was received for the rsync authentication, this setup is useful:

                  uid = %RSYNC_USER_NAME%
                  gid = *

       gid    This  parameter  specifies  one  or  more  group  names/IDs  that will be used when
              accessing the module.  The first one will be the default group, and any extra  ones
              be  set as supplemental groups.  You may also specify a "*" as the first gid in the
              list, which will be replaced by all the normal groups for the transfer’s user  (see
              "uid").   The  default  when run by a super-user is to switch to your OS’s "nobody"
              (or perhaps "nogroup") group with no other supplementary groups.  The default for a
              non-super-user  is  to not change any group attributes (and indeed, your OS may not
              allow a non-super-user to try to change their group settings).

       daemon uid
              This parameter specifies a uid under which the daemon will run. The daemon  usually
              runs as user root, and when this is left unset the user is left unchanged. See also
              the "uid" parameter.

       daemon gid
              This parameter specifies a gid under which the daemon will run. The daemon  usually
              runs  as  group root, and when this is left unset, the group is left unchanged. See
              also the "gid" parameter.

       fake super
              Setting "fake super = yes" for a module causes the daemon side to behave as if  the
              --fake-super  command-line  option  had  been  specified.   This  allows  the  full
              attributes of a file to be stored  without  having  to  have  the  daemon  actually
              running as root.

       filter The  daemon  has  its  own  filter chain that determines what files it will let the
              client access.  This chain is not sent to the client  and  is  independent  of  any
              filters  the  client may have specified.  Files excluded by the daemon filter chain
              (daemon-excluded files) are treated as non-existent if the  client  tries  to  pull
              them,  are  skipped  with  an  error  message  if  the  client  tries  to push them
              (triggering exit code 23), and are never deleted from  the  module.   You  can  use
              daemon  filters  to  prevent  clients  from  downloading  or tampering with private
              administrative  files,  such  as  files  you  may  add  to  support  uid/gid   name

              The  daemon  filter  chain  is  built from the "filter", "include from", "include",
              "exclude from", and "exclude" parameters, in  that  order  of  priority.   Anchored
              patterns  are  anchored  at the root of the module.  To prevent access to an entire
              subtree, for example, "/secret", you must exclude everything in  the  subtree;  the
              easiest way to do this is with a triple-star pattern like "/secret/***".

              The  "filter" parameter takes a space-separated list of daemon filter rules, though
              it is smart enough to know not to split a token at an  internal  space  in  a  rule
              (e.g.  "-  /foo   -  /bar"  is  parsed  as two rules).  You may specify one or more
              merge-file rules using the normal syntax.  Only one "filter" parameter can apply to
              a  given  module  in  the  config  file,  so put all the rules you want in a single
              parameter.  Note that  per-directory  merge-file  rules  do  not  provide  as  much
              protection  as  global  rules,  but  they  can be used to make --delete work better
              during a client download operation if the per-dir merge files are included  in  the
              transfer and the client requests that they be used.

              This  parameter  takes  a space-separated list of daemon exclude patterns.  As with
              the client --exclude option, patterns can be  qualified  with  "-  "  or  "+  "  to
              explicitly  indicate  exclude/include.  Only one "exclude" parameter can apply to a
              given module.  See the "filter" parameter for a description of how  excluded  files
              affect the daemon.

              Use  an  "include"  to  override  the effects of the "exclude" parameter.  Only one
              "include" parameter can apply to a given module.  See the "filter" parameter for  a
              description of how excluded files affect the daemon.

       exclude from
              This  parameter  specifies  the  name  of a file on the daemon that contains daemon
              exclude patterns, one per line.  Only one "exclude from" parameter can apply  to  a
              given  module;  if  you have multiple exclude-from files, you can specify them as a
              merge file in the "filter" parameter.  See the "filter" parameter for a description
              of how excluded files affect the daemon.

       include from
              Analogue  of  "exclude  from"  for  a  file  of  daemon include patterns.  Only one
              "include from" parameter can apply to a given module.  See the  "filter"  parameter
              for a description of how excluded files affect the daemon.

       incoming chmod
              This  parameter  allows  you to specify a set of comma-separated chmod strings that
              will affect the permissions of all incoming files (files that are being received by
              the  daemon).   These  changes  happen after all other permission calculations, and
              this will even override destination-default and/or existing  permissions  when  the
              client  does  not specify --perms.  See the description of the --chmod rsync option
              and the chmod(1) manpage for information on the format of this string.

       outgoing chmod
              This parameter allows you to specify a set of comma-separated  chmod  strings  that
              will  affect  the  permissions of all outgoing files (files that are being sent out
              from the daemon).  These changes happen first, making the sent  permissions  appear
              to  be  different  than  those  stored in the filesystem itself.  For instance, you
              could disable group write permissions on the server while having it appear to be on
              to  the  clients.  See the description of the --chmod rsync option and the chmod(1)
              manpage for information on the format of this string.

       auth users
              This parameter specifies a  comma  and/or  space-separated  list  of  authorization
              rules.   In  its  simplest  form,  you  list  the usernames that will be allowed to
              connect to this module. The usernames do not need to exist on the local system. The
              rules  may  contain  shell  wildcard  characters  that  will be matched against the
              username provided by the client for authentication. If "auth users" is set then the
              client  will  be  challenged  to  supply  a username and password to connect to the
              module. A challenge response authentication protocol is used for this exchange. The
              plain text usernames and passwords are stored in the file specified by the "secrets
              file" parameter. The default is for all users to  be  able  to  connect  without  a
              password (this is called "anonymous rsync").

              In  addition  to  username  matching,  you can specify groupname matching via a ’@’
              prefix.  When using groupname matching, the authenticating username must be a  real
              user  on  the  system,  or  it  will  be  assumed to be a member of no groups.  For
              example, specifying "@rsync" will match the authenticating user if the  named  user
              is a member of the rsync group.

              Finally,  options  may  be  specified  after a colon (:).  The options allow you to
              "deny" a user or a group, set the access to "ro" (read-only), or set the access  to
              "rw"  (read/write).   Setting  an  auth-rule-specific  ro/rw  setting overrides the
              module’s "read only" setting.

              Be sure to put the rules in the order you want them  to  be  matched,  because  the
              checking  stops at the first matching user or group, and that is the only auth that
              is checked.  For example:

                auth users = joe:deny @guest:deny admin:rw @rsync:ro susan joe sam

              In the above rule, user joe will be denied access no matter what.  Any user that is
              in  the  group  "guest"  is  also  denied  access.  The user "admin" gets access in
              read/write mode, but only if the admin user is not in group  "guest"  (because  the
              admin  user-matching  rule would never be reached if the user is in group "guest").
              Any other user who is in group "rsync" will get read-only access.   Finally,  users
              susan,  joe,  and  sam  get  the  ro/rw setting of the module, but only if the user
              didn’t match an earlier group-matching rule.

              If you need to specify a user or group name with a space in  it,  start  your  list
              with  a  comma  to  indicate  that  the list should only be split on commas (though
              leading and trailing whitespace will also be removed, and empty  entries  are  just
              ignored).  For example:

                auth users = , joe:deny, @Some Group:deny, admin:rw, @RO Group:ro

              See  the description of the secrets file for how you can have per-user passwords as
              well as per-group passwords.  It also explains how a user  can  authenticate  using
              their  user  password or (when applicable) a group password, depending on what rule
              is being authenticated.

              See also the section entitled "USING  RSYNC-DAEMON  FEATURES  VIA  A  REMOTE  SHELL
              CONNECTION" in rsync(1) for information on how handle an rsyncd.conf-level username
              that differs from the remote-shell-level username when  using  a  remote  shell  to
              connect to an rsync daemon.

       secrets file
              This  parameter  specifies  the  name of a file that contains the username:password
              and/or @groupname:password pairs used for authenticating this module. This file  is
              only  consulted if the "auth users" parameter is specified.  The file is line-based
              and contains one name:password pair per line.  Any line has a hash (#) as the  very
              first  character on the line is considered a comment and is skipped.  The passwords
              can contain any characters but be warned that  many  operating  systems  limit  the
              length  of  passwords  that  can  be  typed at the client end, so you may find that
              passwords longer than 8 characters don’t work.

              The use of group-specific  lines  are  only  relevant  when  the  module  is  being
              authorized  using a matching "@groupname" rule.  When that happens, the user can be
              authorized via either their "username:password" line or  the  "@groupname:password"
              line for the group that triggered the authentication.

              It  is  up  to you what kind of password entries you want to include, either users,
              groups, or both.  The use of group rules in "auth users" does not require that  you
              specify a group password if you do not want to use shared passwords.

              There  is no default for the "secrets file" parameter, you must choose a name (such
              as /etc/rsyncd.secrets).  The file must normally not be readable  by  "other";  see
              "strict  modes".   If  the  file is not found or is rejected, no logins for a "user
              auth" module will be possible.

       strict modes
              This parameter determines whether or not the permissions on the secrets  file  will
              be  checked.  If "strict modes" is true, then the secrets file must not be readable
              by any user ID other than the one that the  rsync  daemon  is  running  under.   If
              "strict  modes"  is  false, the check is not performed.  The default is true.  This
              parameter was added to accommodate rsync running on the Windows operating system.

       hosts allow
              This parameter allows you to specify a list of comma-  and/or  whitespace-separated
              patterns  that  are  matched against a connecting client’s hostname and IP address.
              If none of the patterns match, then the connection is rejected.

              Each pattern can be in one of five forms:

              o      a dotted decimal IPv4 address of the form a.b.c.d, or an IPv6 address of the
                     form a:b:c::d:e:f. In this case the incoming machine’s IP address must match

              o      an address/mask in the form ipaddr/n where ipaddr is the IP address and n is
                     the  number  of  one  bits in the netmask.  All IP addresses which match the
                     masked IP address will be allowed in.

              o      an address/mask in the form ipaddr/maskaddr where ipaddr is the  IP  address
                     and  maskaddr is the netmask in dotted decimal notation for IPv4, or similar
                     for IPv6, e.g. ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:: instead of /64. All IP addresses  which
                     match the masked IP address will be allowed in.

              o      a hostname pattern using wildcards. If the hostname of the connecting IP (as
                     determined by a reverse lookup) matches the wildcarded name (using the  same
                     rules  as  normal  unix  filename matching), the client is allowed in.  This
                     only works if "reverse lookup" is enabled (the default).

              o      a hostname. A plain hostname is matched  against  the  reverse  DNS  of  the
                     connecting  IP  (if "reverse lookup" is enabled), and/or the IP of the given
                     hostname is matched against  the  connecting  IP  (if  "forward  lookup"  is
                     enabled, as it is by default).  Any match will be allowed in.

              Note IPv6 link-local addresses can have a scope in the address specification:


              You  can also combine "hosts allow" with a separate "hosts deny" parameter. If both
              parameters are specified then the "hosts allow" parameter is checked  first  and  a
              match  results  in  the client being able to connect. The "hosts deny" parameter is
              then checked and a match means that the host is rejected.  If  the  host  does  not
              match  either  the "hosts allow" or the "hosts deny" patterns then it is allowed to

              The default is no "hosts allow" parameter, which means all hosts can connect.

       hosts deny
              This parameter allows you to specify a list of comma-  and/or  whitespace-separated
              patterns  that are matched against a connecting clients hostname and IP address. If
              the pattern matches  then  the  connection  is  rejected.  See  the  "hosts  allow"
              parameter for more information.

              The default is no "hosts deny" parameter, which means all hosts can connect.

       reverse lookup
              Controls whether the daemon performs a reverse lookup on the client’s IP address to
              determine its hostname, which is used for "hosts allow"/"hosts deny" checks and the
              "%h"  log  escape.   This  is enabled by default, but you may wish to disable it to
              save time if you know the lookup will not return a useful result, in which case the
              daemon will use the name "UNDETERMINED" instead.

              If  this parameter is enabled globally (even by default), rsync performs the lookup
              as soon as a client connects, so disabling it for  a  module  will  not  avoid  the
              lookup.   Thus,  you  probably  want  to disable it globally and then enable it for
              modules that need the information.

       forward lookup
              Controls whether the daemon performs a forward lookup on any hostname specified  in
              an  hosts  allow/deny  setting.  By default this is enabled, allowing the use of an
              explicit hostname that would not be returned by reverse DNS of the connecting IP.

       ignore errors
              This parameter tells rsyncd to ignore  I/O  errors  on  the  daemon  when  deciding
              whether  to run the delete phase of the transfer. Normally rsync skips the --delete
              step if any I/O errors have occurred in order to prevent disastrous deletion due to
              a  temporary  resource  shortage  or  other  I/O  error. In some cases this test is
              counter productive so you can use this parameter to turn off this behavior.

       ignore nonreadable
              This tells the rsync daemon to completely ignore files that are not readable by the
              user.  This  is  useful  for  public archives that may have some non-readable files
              among the directories, and the sysadmin doesn’t want those files to be seen at all.

       transfer logging
              This parameter enables per-file logging  of  downloads  and  uploads  in  a  format
              somewhat  similar to that used by ftp daemons.  The daemon always logs the transfer
              at the end, so if a transfer is aborted, no mention will be made in the log file.

              If you want to customize the log lines, see the "log format" parameter.

       log format
              This parameter allows you to specify the format used  for  logging  file  transfers
              when  transfer logging is enabled.  The format is a text string containing embedded
              single-character escape sequences  prefixed  with  a  percent  (%)  character.   An
              optional  numeric  field  width  may  also be specified between the percent and the
              escape letter (e.g. "%-50n %8l %07p").  In addition, one or more apostrophes may be
              specified  prior  to a numerical escape to indicate that the numerical value should
              be made more human-readable.  The 3 supported  levels  are  the  same  as  for  the
              --human-readable  command-line  option, though the default is for human-readability
              to be off.  Each added apostrophe increases the level (e.g. "%''l %'b %f").

              The default log format is "%o %h [%a] %m (%u) %f %l", and a "%t [%p]  "  is  always
              prefixed  when  using the "log file" parameter.  (A perl script that will summarize
              this default log format is included in the rsync source code  distribution  in  the
              "support" subdirectory: rsyncstats.)

              The single-character escapes that are understood are as follows:

              o      %a the remote IP address (only available for a daemon)

              o      %b the number of bytes actually transferred

              o      %B the permission bits of the file (e.g. rwxrwxrwt)

              o      %c  the  total size of the block checksums received for the basis file (only
                     when sending)

              o      %C the full-file checksum if it is known  for  the  file.  For  older  rsync
                     protocols/versions,  the checksum was salted, and is thus not a useful value
                     (and is not displayed when that is the case). For the checksum to output for
                     a file, either the --checksum option must be in-effect or the file must have
                     been  transferred  without  a  salted   checksum   being   used.   See   the
                     --checksum-choice option for a way to choose the algorithm.

              o      %f the filename (long form on sender; no trailing "/")

              o      %G the gid of the file (decimal) or "DEFAULT"

              o      %h the remote host name (only available for a daemon)

              o      %i an itemized list of what is being updated

              o      %l the length of the file in bytes

              o      %L  the  string  "  ->  SYMLINK",  "  =>  HARDLINK", or "" (where SYMLINK or
                     HARDLINK is a filename)

              o      %m the module name

              o      %M the last-modified time of the file

              o      %n the filename (short form; trailing "/" on dir)

              o      %o the operation, which is "send", "recv", or "del."  (the  latter  includes
                     the trailing period)

              o      %p the process ID of this rsync session

              o      %P the module path

              o      %t the current date time

              o      %u the authenticated username or an empty string

              o      %U the uid of the file (decimal)

              For  a  list  of  what  the  characters  mean  that  are  output  by  "%i", see the
              --itemize-changes option in the rsync manpage.

              Note that some of the logged output changes when talking with older rsync versions.
              For  instance,  deleted  files  were only output as verbose messages prior to rsync

              This parameter allows you to override the clients choice for I/O timeout  for  this
              module.  Using this parameter you can ensure that rsync won’t wait on a dead client
              forever. The timeout is specified in seconds. A value of zero means no timeout  and
              is  the  default. A good choice for anonymous rsync daemons may be 600 (giving a 10
              minute timeout).

       refuse options
              This parameter allows you to specify a space-separated list of rsync  command  line
              options that will be refused by your rsync daemon.  You may specify the full option
              name, its one-letter abbreviation, or a  wild-card  string  that  matches  multiple
              options.  For example, this would refuse --checksum (-c) and all the various delete

                  refuse options = c delete

              The reason the above refuses all delete options is that the options imply --delete,
              and  implied  options  are  refused  just  like explicit options.  As an additional
              safety feature, the refusal of "delete" also refuses remove-source-files  when  the
              daemon  is  the  sender;  if you want the latter without the former, instead refuse
              "delete-*"   --   that   refuses   all   the   delete   modes   without   affecting

              When  an  option  is  refused,  the  daemon  prints an error message and exits.  To
              prevent all compression when serving files, you can use "dont compress  =  *"  (see
              below)  instead  of  "refuse  options  = compress" to avoid returning an error to a
              client that requests compression.

       dont compress
              This parameter allows you to select  filenames  based  on  wildcard  patterns  that
              should not be compressed when pulling files from the daemon (no analogous parameter
              exists to govern the pushing of files to a daemon).  Compression  is  expensive  in
              terms  of  CPU usage, so it is usually good to not try to compress files that won’t
              compress well, such as already compressed files.

              The "dont compress" parameter takes  a  space-separated  list  of  case-insensitive
              wildcard  patterns.  Any  source  filename matching one of the patterns will not be
              compressed during transfer.

              See the --skip-compress parameter in the rsync(1) manpage  for  the  list  of  file
              suffixes  that  are  not  compressed  by default.  Specifying a value for the "dont
              compress" parameter changes the default when the daemon is the sender.

       pre-xfer exec, post-xfer exec
              You may specify a command to be run before  and/or  after  the  transfer.   If  the
              pre-xfer  exec command fails, the transfer is aborted before it begins.  Any output
              from the script on stdout (up to several KB) will be displayed  to  the  user  when
              aborting,  but is NOT displayed if the script returns success.  Any output from the
              script on stderr goes to the daemon’s stderr, which is typically discarded  (though
              see  --no-detatch  option for a way to see the stderr output, which can assist with

              The following environment variables will be set, though some are  specific  to  the
              pre-xfer or the post-xfer environment:

              o      RSYNC_MODULE_NAME: The name of the module being accessed.

              o      RSYNC_MODULE_PATH: The path configured for the module.

              o      RSYNC_HOST_ADDR: The accessing host’s IP address.

              o      RSYNC_HOST_NAME: The accessing host’s name.

              o      RSYNC_USER_NAME: The accessing user’s name (empty if no user).

              o      RSYNC_PID: A unique number for this transfer.

              o      RSYNC_REQUEST:  (pre-xfer  only) The module/path info specified by the user.
                     Note that the user can specify multiple source files, so the request can  be
                     something like "mod/path1 mod/path2", etc.

              o      RSYNC_ARG#:  (pre-xfer  only)  The  pre-request  arguments  are set in these
                     numbered values. RSYNC_ARG0 is always "rsyncd", followed by the options that
                     were used in RSYNC_ARG1, and so on.  There will be a value of "." indicating
                     that the options are done and the path args are beginning --  these  contain
                     similar  information  to  RSYNC_REQUEST,  but  with values separated and the
                     module name stripped off.

              o      RSYNC_EXIT_STATUS: (post-xfer only) the server side’s exit value.  This will
                     be  0  for  a  successful run, a positive value for an error that the server
                     generated, or a -1 if rsync failed to exit properly.   Note  that  an  error
                     that  occurs  on  the  client side does not currently get sent to the server
                     side, so this is not the final exit status for the whole transfer.

              o      RSYNC_RAW_STATUS: (post-xfer only) the raw exit value from waitpid() .

              Even though the commands can be associated with a particular module, they  are  run
              using the permissions of the user that started the daemon (not the module’s uid/gid
              setting) without any chroot restrictions.


       There are  currently  two  config  directives  available  that  allow  a  config  file  to
       incorporate  the contents of other files:  &include and &merge.  Both allow a reference to
       either a file or a directory.  They differ in  how  segregated  the  file’s  contents  are
       considered to be.

       The  &include  directive  treats  each file as more distinct, with each one inheriting the
       defaults of the parent file, starting  the  parameter  parsing  as  globals/defaults,  and
       leaving the defaults unchanged for the parsing of the rest of the parent file.

       The  &merge  directive, on the other hand, treats the file’s contents as if it were simply
       inserted in place of the directive, and thus it can set parameters in a module started  in
       another file, can affect the defaults for other files, etc.

       When an &include or &merge directive refers to a directory, it will read in all the *.conf
       or *.inc files (respectively) that  are  contained  inside  that  directory  (without  any
       recursive  scanning), with the files sorted into alpha order.  So, if you have a directory
       named "rsyncd.d" with the files "foo.conf", "bar.conf", and  "baz.conf"  inside  it,  this

           &include /path/rsyncd.d

       would be the same as this set of directives:

           &include /path/rsyncd.d/bar.conf
           &include /path/rsyncd.d/baz.conf
           &include /path/rsyncd.d/foo.conf

       except that it adjusts as files are added and removed from the directory.

       The  advantage  of  the &include directive is that you can define one or more modules in a
       separate file without worrying about unintended side-effects  between  the  self-contained
       module files.

       The  advantage  of  the  &merge directive is that you can load config snippets that can be
       included into multiple module definitions, and you can also set global  values  that  will
       affect connections (such as motd file), or globals that will affect other include files.

       For example, this is a useful /etc/rsyncd.conf file:

           port = 873
           log file = /var/log/rsync.log
           pid file = /var/lock/rsync.lock

           &merge /etc/rsyncd.d
           &include /etc/rsyncd.d

       This  would  merge  any  /etc/rsyncd.d/*.inc  files (for global values that should stay in
       effect), and then include any /etc/rsyncd.d/*.conf files  (defining  modules  without  any
       global-value cross-talk).


       The  authentication  protocol  used  in  rsync  is  a 128 bit MD4 based challenge response
       system. This is fairly weak protection, though (with at least one brute-force hash-finding
       algorithm  publicly  available),  so  if  you  want  really  top-quality  security, then I
       recommend that you run rsync over ssh.  (Yes, a future version of rsync will  switch  over
       to a stronger hashing method.)

       Also  note that the rsync daemon protocol does not currently provide any encryption of the
       data that is transferred over the connection. Only authentication is provided. Use ssh  as
       the transport if you want encryption.

       Future  versions  of  rsync  may support SSL for better authentication and encryption, but
       that is still being investigated.


       A simple rsyncd.conf file that allow anonymous rsync to a ftp area at /home/ftp would be:

               path = /home/ftp
               comment = ftp export area

       A more sophisticated example would be:

       uid = nobody
       gid = nobody
       use chroot = yes
       max connections = 4
       syslog facility = local5
       pid file = /var/run/

               path = /var/ftp/./pub
               comment = whole ftp area (approx 6.1 GB)

               path = /var/ftp/./pub/samba
               comment = Samba ftp area (approx 300 MB)

               path = /var/ftp/./pub/rsync
               comment = rsync ftp area (approx 6 MB)

               path = /public_html/samba
               comment = Samba WWW pages (approx 240 MB)

               path = /data/cvs
               comment = CVS repository (requires authentication)
               auth users = tridge, susan
               secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.secrets

       The /etc/rsyncd.secrets file would look something like this:



       /etc/rsyncd.conf or rsyncd.conf





       Please report bugs! The rsync bug tracking system is online at


       This man page is current for version 3.1.3 of rsync.


       rsync is distributed under the GNU General Public  License.   See  the  file  COPYING  for

       The primary ftp site for rsync is

       A WEB site is available at

       We would be delighted to hear from you if you like this program.

       This program uses the zlib compression library written by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler.


       Thanks  to  Warren Stanley for his original idea and patch for the rsync daemon. Thanks to
       Karsten Thygesen for his many suggestions and documentation!


       rsync was written  by  Andrew  Tridgell  and  Paul  Mackerras.   Many  people  have  later
       contributed to it.

       Mailing lists for support and development are available at

                                           28 Jan 2018                             rsyncd.conf(5)