Provided by: pcp_5.3.7-1_amd64
pcp-vmstat, pmstat - high-level system performance overview
pcp [pcp options] vmstat [interval [samples]] pmstat [-gLlPVxz?] [-a archive] [-A align] [-h host] [-H file] [-n pmnsfile] [-O offset] [-p port] [-s samples] [-S starttime] [-t interval] [-T endtime] [-Z timezone] pcp-vmstat ...
pmstat provides a one line summary of system performance every interval unit of time (the default is 5 seconds). pmstat is intended to monitor system performance at the highest level, after which other tools may be used to examine subsystems in which potential performance problems may be observed in greater detail. pcp-vmstat is a simple wrapper for use with the pcp(1) command, providing a more familiar command line format for some users. It also enables the extended reporting option by default, see the -x option below. Multiple hosts may be monitored by supplying more than one host with multiple -h flags (for live monitoring) or by providing a name of the hostlist file, where each line contain one host name, with -H, or multiple -a flags (for retrospective monitoring from sets of archives). By default, pmstat fetches metrics by connecting to the Performance Metrics Collector Daemon (PMCD) on the local host. If the -L option is specified, then pmcd(1) is bypassed, and metrics are fetched from PMDAs on the local host using the standalone PM_CONTEXT_LOCAL variant of pmNewContext(3). When the -h option is specified, pmstat connects to the pmcd(1) on host and fetches metrics from there. As mentioned above, multiple hosts may be monitored by supplying multiple -h flags. Alternatively, if the -a option is used, the metrics are retrieved from the Performance Co-Pilot archive log files identified by archive, which is a comma-separated list of names, each of which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a directory containing one or more archives. Multiple sets of archives may be replayed by supplying multiple -a flags. When the -a flag is used, the -P flag may also be used to pause the output after each interval. Standalone mode can only connect to the local host, using a set of archives implies a host name, and nominating a host precludes using an archive, so the options -L, -a and -h are mutually exclusive. pmstat may relinquish its own timing control, and operate under the control of a pmtime(1) process that uses a GUI dialog to provide timing control. In this case, either the -g option should be used to start pmstat as the sole client of a new pmtime(1) instance, or -p should be used to attach pmstat to an existing pmtime(1) instance via the IPC channel identified by the port argument. The -S, -T, -O and -A options may be used to define a time window to restrict the samples retrieved, set an initial origin within the time window, or specify a ``natural'' alignment of the sample times; refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of these options.
The available command line options are: -a archive, --archive=archive Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive log files identified by the archive argument, which is a comma-separated list of names, each of which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a directory containing one or more archives. -A align, --align=align Force the initial sample to be aligned on the boundary of a natural time unit align. Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for align. -g, --guimode Start pmstat as the client of a new pmtime(1) server process for replay of archived performance data using the pmtime(1) graphical user interface. -h host, --host=host Fetch performance metrics from pmcd(1) on host, rather than from the default localhost. -H path, --hostsfile=path Specify the path to a file containing a set of hostnames where pmcd(1) is running , rather than using the default localhost. -K spec, --spec-local=spec When fetching metrics from a local context (see -L), the -K option may be used to control the DSO PMDAs that should be made accessible. The spec argument conforms to the syntax described in pmSpecLocalPMDA(3). More than one -K option may be used. -l, --suffix Prints the last 7 characters of a hostname in summaries involving more than one host (when more than one -h option has been specified on the command line). -L, --local-PMDA Use a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs on the local host without PMCD. See also -K. -n pmnsfile, --namespace=pmnsfile Load an alternative Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS(5)) from the file pmnsfile. -O origin, --origin=origin When reporting archived metrics, start reporting at origin within the time window (see -S and -T). Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for origin. -p port, --guiport=port Attach pmstat to an existing pmtime(1) time control process instance via the IPC channel identified by the port argument. This option is normally only used by other tools, e.g. pmchart(1), when they launch pmstat with synchronized time control. -P, --pause Pause between updates for archive replay. -s samples, --samples=samples The samples option defines the number of samples to be retrieved and reported. If samples is 0 or -s is not specified, pmstat will sample and report continuously - this is the default behavior. -S starttime, --start=starttime When reporting archived metrics, the report will be restricted to those records logged at or after starttime. Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for starttime. -t interval, --interval=interval Set the reporting interval to something other than the default 1 second. The interval argument follows the syntax described in PCPIntro(1), and in the simplest form may be an unsigned integer (the implied units in this case are seconds). -T endtime, --finish=endtime When reporting archived metrics, the report will be restricted to those records logged before or at endtime. -V, --version Display version number and exit. -x, --xcpu The extended CPU metrics option, causes two additional CPU metrics to be reported, namely wait for I/O ("wa") and virtualisation steal time ("st"). -z, --hostzone Change the reporting timezone to the local timezone at the host that is the source of the performance metrics, as identified via either the -h or -a options. -Z timezone, --timezone=timezone By default, pmtime reports the time of day according to the local timezone on the system where pmstat is run. The -Z option changes the timezone to timezone in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(7). -?, --help Display usage message and exit.
The output from pmstat is directed to standard output, and the columns in the report are interpreted as follows: loadavg The 1 minute load average. memory The swpd column indicates average swap space used during the interval, in Kbytes. The free column indicates average free memory during the interval, in Kbytes. The buff column indicates average buffer memory in use during the interval, in Kbytes. The cache column indicates average cached memory in use during the interval, in Kbytes. If the values become large, they are reported as Mbytes (m suffix) or Gbytes (g suffix). swap The metrics in this area of the kernel instrumentation are of varying value. We try to report the average number of pages that are paged in (pi) and out (po) per second during the interval. If the corresponding page swapping metrics are unavailable, we report the average rate per second of swap operations in (si) and out (so) during the interval. It is normal for the ``in'' values to be non- zero, but the system is suffering memory stress if the ``out'' values are non- zero over an extended period. If the values become large, they are reported as thousands of operations per second (K suffix) or millions of operations per second (M suffix). io The bi and bo columns indicate the average rate per second of block input and block output operations (respectfully) during the interval. Unless all file systems have a 1 Kbyte block size, these rates do not directly indicate Kbytes transferred. If the values become large, they are reported as thousands of operations per second (K suffix) or millions of operations per second (M suffix). system Interrupt rate (in) and context switch rate (cs). Rates are expressed as average operations per second during the interval. Note that the interrupt rate is normally at least HZ (the clock interrupt rate, usually 100) interrupts per second. If the values become large, they are reported as thousands of operations per second (K suffix) or millions of operations per second (M suffix). cpu Percentage of CPU time spent executing user and "nice user" code (us), system and interrupt processing code (sy), idle loop (id). If any values for the associated performance metrics are unavailable, the value appears as ``?'' in the output.
$PCP_VAR_DIR/pmns/* default PMNS specification files $PCP_VAR_DIR/config/pmlogger/config.pmstat pmlogger(1) configuration for creating an archive suitable for replay with pmstat
Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5). For environment variables affecting PCP tools, see pmGetOptions(3).
PCPIntro(1), pmclient(1), pmtime(1), PMAPI(3), pmNewContext(3), pcp.conf(5), pcp.env(5) and PMNS(5).