Provided by: libsystemd-dev_229-4ubuntu4_amd64 bug


       sd_journal_query_unique, sd_journal_enumerate_unique, sd_journal_restart_unique,
       SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH_UNIQUE - Read unique data fields from the journal


       #include <systemd/sd-journal.h>

       int sd_journal_query_unique(sd_journal *j, const char *field);

       int sd_journal_enumerate_unique(sd_journal *j, const void **data, size_t *length);

       void sd_journal_restart_unique(sd_journal *j);

       SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH_UNIQUE(sd_journal *j, const void *data, size_t length);


       sd_journal_query_unique() queries the journal for all unique values the specified field
       can take. It takes two arguments: the journal to query and the field name to look for.
       Well-known field names are listed on systemd.journal-fields(7). Field names must be
       specified without a trailing '='. After this function has been executed successfully the
       field values may be queried using sd_journal_enumerate_unique(). Invoking this call a
       second time will change the field name being queried and reset the enumeration index to
       the first field value that matches.

       sd_journal_enumerate_unique() may be used to iterate through all data fields which match
       the previously selected field name as set with sd_journal_query_unique(). On each
       invocation the next field data matching the field name is returned. The order of the
       returned data fields is not defined. It takes three arguments: the journal context object,
       plus a pair of pointers to pointer/size variables where the data object and its size shall
       be stored in. The returned data is in a read-only memory map and is only valid until the
       next invocation of sd_journal_enumerate_unique(). Note that the data returned will be
       prefixed with the field name and '='. Note that this call is subject to the data field
       size threshold as controlled by sd_journal_set_data_threshold().

       sd_journal_restart_unique() resets the data enumeration index to the beginning of the
       list. The next invocation of sd_journal_enumerate_unique() will return the first field
       data matching the field name again.

       Note that the SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH_UNIQUE() macro may be used as a handy wrapper around
       sd_journal_restart_unique() and sd_journal_enumerate_unique().

       Note that these functions currently are not influenced by matches set with
       sd_journal_add_match() but this might change in a later version of this software.

       To enumerate all field names currently in use (and thus all suitable field parameters for
       sd_journal_query_unique()), use the sd_journal_enumerate_fields(3) call.


       sd_journal_query_unique() returns 0 on success or a negative errno-style error code.
       sd_journal_enumerate_unique() returns a positive integer if the next field data has been
       read, 0 when no more fields are known, or a negative errno-style error code.
       sd_journal_restart_unique() returns nothing.


       The sd_journal_query_unique(), sd_journal_enumerate_unique() and
       sd_journal_restart_unique() interfaces are available as a shared library, which can be
       compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.


       Use the SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH_UNIQUE macro to iterate through all values a field of the
       journal can take. The following example lists all unit names referenced in the journal:

           #include <stdio.h>
           #include <string.h>
           #include <systemd/sd-journal.h>

           int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
                   sd_journal *j;
                   const void *d;
                   size_t l;
                   int r;

                   r = sd_journal_open(&j, SD_JOURNAL_LOCAL_ONLY);
                   if (r < 0) {
                           fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open journal: %s\n", strerror(-r));
                           return 1;
                   r = sd_journal_query_unique(j, "_SYSTEMD_UNIT");
                   if (r < 0) {
                           fprintf(stderr, "Failed to query journal: %s\n", strerror(-r));
                           return 1;
                   SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH_UNIQUE(j, d, l)
                           printf("%.*s\n", (int) l, (const char*) d);
                   return 0;


       systemd(1), systemd.journal-fields(7), sd-journal(3), sd_journal_open(3),
       sd_journal_enumerate_fields(3), sd_journal_get_data(3), sd_journal_add_match(3)