Provided by: ipmiutil_2.9.7-1_i386 bug


       ipmiutil_sol - an IPMI Serial-Over-LAN Console application


       ipmiutil sol [-acdeilorsvwxz -NUPREFJTVY]


       This utility starts an IPMI Serial-Over-LAN console session.  A Serial-
       over-LAN console allows the client to see and modify  functions  before
       the  OS boots, such as BIOS setup, grub, etc.  This utility uses either
       the IPMI LAN 1.5 or 2.0  SOL  interface.   The  1.5  SOL  interface  is
       specific  to Intel BMCs, while any IPMI 2.0 BMC should support 2.0 SOL.
       The target system/node must  first  have  these  parameters  configured
       before SOL sessions can be started:
       - [BIOS] serial console redirection parameters,
       - [IPMI] lan and SOL parameters (see ipmiutil lan or ilan), and
       - [OS] For Linux, edit grub.conf, inittab, and securetty parameters.
       Be sure that the baud rate matches in all of the above places.  See the
       ipmiutil UserGuide section 4.8 for details.


       -a     Activate the SOL Console session, and enter console  mode.   Use
              the escape sequence ('~.') to exit the session.

       -c '^' Set  the  escape  Character  to  '^', or another ANSI character.
              This changes the default two-character escape sequence ('~.') to
              the  specified  single  escape character, which will end the SOL

       -d     Deactivate the SOL Console session.  Use this  if  the  previous
              session  was aborted abnormally and starting a new session gives
              an error.

       -e     Turn Encryption off in negotiation when  activating  a  session.
              By   default,  encryption  is  on  for  Serial-Over-LAN  console

       -l     Use Legacy BIOS mapping for Enter key (CR+LF)  instead  of  just
              LF.   This is needed for BIOS Setup menus and DOS, but causes an
              extra LF to occur in Linux.  So, only use this option  if  doing
              BIOS  or DOS changes.  This should be seldom be needed since now
              the default is to automatically detect these menus with  colored
              backgrounds and change the mapping.

       -i input_file
              Use  this  file as an input script.  The input_file will be read
              after the session is established.  This can be used to  automate
              certain  tasks.   The input_file is read one line at a time.  If
              the input_file does not have an escape character (~) to end  the
              session,  then  the  input  is returned to the keyboard when the
              file ends.

       -o output_file
              Use a Trace log.  The output_file is created and all SOL  screen
              output is written to the file, including VT100 escape sequences.
              If the output_file exists, the output is appended to  it.   This
              can be used to log what the user has done in an SOL session.

       -p     Port to use.  Defaults to RMCP port 623.

       -r     Use Raw terminal I/O instead of custom VT100 to ANSI translation
              (in Windows).  Use this option if the server  is  configured  in
              BIOS  and  BMC  for  ANSI  and the utility is being invoked from

       -s NNN For a slow link with high latency, this  adds  a  delay  of  NNN
              microseconds  between  sending  and  receiving SOL packets.  The
              default is 100 microseconds.

       -w     (Windows only) Do not use the Windows Console  buffer,  but  use
              Windows  stdio instead.  This does not handle cursor positioning
              correctly in some cases, however.

       -v log_file
              Causes debug messages to be displayed  to  the  specified  debug
              log_file.   The  default  log_file is isoldbg.log in the current

       -x     Causes debug messages to be displayed to the debug log file.

       -z     Causes more verbose debug messages to be displayed to the  debug
              log file.

       -N nodename
              Nodename  or  IP  address  of  the  remote  target system.  If a
              nodename is specified, IPMI LAN interface  is  used.   Otherwise
              the local system management interface is used.

       -U rmt_user
              Remote  username  for the nodename given.  The default is a null

       -P/-R rmt_pswd
              Remote password for the nodename given.  The default is  a  null

       -E     Use the remote password from Environment variable IPMI_PASSWORD.

       -F drv_t
              Force  the  driver  type  to one of the followng: imb, va, open,
              gnu, landesk, lan, lan2, lan2i, kcs, smb.  Note that lan2i means
              lan2  with  intelplus.   The  default is to detect any supported
              driver type and use it.

       -J     Use  the  specified  LanPlus   cipher   suite   (0   thru   17):
              0=none/none/none,       1=sha1/none/none,      2=sha1/sha1/none,
              3=sha1/sha1/cbc128,  4=sha1/sha1/xrc4_128,  5=sha1/sha1/xrc4_40,
              6=md5/none/none, ... 14=md5/md5/xrc4_40.  Default is 3.

       -T     Use  a  specified  IPMI  LAN Authentication Type: 0=None, 1=MD2,
              2=MD5, 4=Straight Password, 5=OEM.

       -V     Use a specified IPMI  LAN  privilege  level.  1=Callback  level,
              2=User level, 3=Operator level, 4=Administrator level (default),
              5=OEM level.

       -Y     Yes, do prompt the  user  for  the  IPMI  LAN  remote  password.
              Alternatives for the password are -E or -P.


       ipmiutil sol -a -N nodename -U username -P password
       Starts  an  SOL  console  session  to  the  nodename.   Detect  the lan

       ipmiutil sol -a -N nodename -U username -P password  -Flan2
       Starts an SOL console session to the nodename.  Force lan  protocol  to


       First,  enter  BIOS  Setup  for  Serial Console Redirection parameters:
       (these vary by platform)
         Console Redirection = Serial Port B
         ACPI Redirection = Disabled
         Baud Rate = 115.2K
         Flow Control = CTS/RTS
         Terminal Type = VT100
         Legacy Redirection = Enabled
       Note that the Baud Rate can vary, but it must match  in  all  locations
       where it is used (BIOS, IPMI, and Linux).
       For  some non-Intel platforms, the serial console would be COM1 instead
       of COM2, but should be enabled in BIOS.
       From  Linux,  run  "ipmiutil  serial  -c"  for  Terminal  Mode   shared
       Or,  on  older Intel TSRLT2 platforms: From Linux, run "ipmiutil serial
       -s" for Basic Mode Shared configuration.


       If using lilo, in /etc/lilo.conf, add
         append="console=ttyS1,19200n8 console=tty0"
       (and comment out the "message=" line because it includes graphics)
       Note that the append line can be  placed  in  the  global  section  and
       removed from each kernel section if there are no other differences.

       Or, if using grub, edit /boot/grub/grub.conf as follows:
         #Omit the splashimage or gfxmenu
         # splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
         #The serial and terminal lines are not usually needed
         # serial --unit=1 --speed=19200 --word=8 --parity=no --stop=1
         # terminal --timeout=10 serial console
         #Add the console=ttyS* parameter to the kernel line
           kernel (hd0,0) /vmlinuz root=/dev/sda2 console=ttyS1,19200n8

       Add this line to /etc/initab, if ttyS1 is not already there:
         co:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty ttyS1 19200 vt100

       Add this line to /etc/securetty, if ttyS1 is not already there:


       ipmiutil(8)   ialarms(8)  iconfig(8)  icmd(8)  idiscover(8)  ievents(8)
       ifru(8) igetevent(8) ihealth(8) ilan(8)  ireset(8)  isel(8)  isensor(8)
       iserial(8) iwdt(8)


       See for the latest version of ipmiutil
       and any bug fix list.


       Copyright (C) 2009  Kontron America, Inc.

       See the file COPYING in the distribution  for  more  details  regarding

       This  utility  is  distributed  in the hope that it will be useful, but


       Andy Cress <arcress at>

                           Version 1.1: 17 Feb 2010                    ISOL(8)